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1. Apparent; clear; obvious; unquestionable; evident.

For example, something that is manifestly erroneous is clearly wrong.

According to the Supreme Court of Louisiana in  Canter v. Koehring Co. (1973), the “manifest error rule” requires appellate courts to give great deference to lower trial courts’ factual inferences when reviewing cases, so long as the trial court’s account of the facts is reasonable and exhibits no manifest error.

2. A written list or invoice used (usually by customs officers) to record the amount, origin, carrier, and destination of goods or passengers on a ship, airplane, or other vehicle.

3. The physical action of recording something in a manifest document.

Relevant Terms:

19 CFR § 122.162


Appellate procedure

Burden of proof

Clear and Convincing Evidence


Customs and Border Protection (CBP)


[Last updated in August of 2020 by the Wex Definitions Team]