Minimum contacts are a nonresident civil defendant’s connections with the forum state (i.e., the state where the lawsuit is brought) that are sufficient for the forum state to assert personal jurisdiction over that defendant. Lack of minimum contacts violates the nonresident defendant’s constitutional right to due process and “offends traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice” (International Shoe Co. v. Washington, 326 U.S. 310 (1945)). Defendants’ minimum contacts can take the form of general jurisdiction or specific jurisdiction. Some examples of minimum contacts include conducting business within the state, incorporating in the state, and visiting the state.
[Last updated in April of 2022 by the Wex Definitions Team]