nunc pro tunc

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Nunc pro tunc is a Latin term meaning "now for then." Generally, this refers to an action taken by a court that applies retroactively to correct an earlier ruling. Usually, the term is used relating to the procedural devices of nunc pro tunc amendments or nunc pro tunc judgments

The purpose of nunc pro tunc actions is understood as correcting the judicial record to remedy clerical issues, clear errors, or prevent injustice, and in doing so more clearly reflects the original intention of the court. As a result, nunc pro tunc amendments and judgments are treated as if they were made on the dates of the original amendment or judgment. 

[Last updated in August of 2023 by the Wex Definitions Team]