Own recognizance (OR), also called personal recognizance, means a release, without the requirement of a posting bail, based on a written promise by the defendant to appear in court when required to do so.
Courts may consider the following factors when determining whether release on own recognizance is appropriate: the severity of the charges, the defendant’s criminal record, the defendant’s ties to the community, the likelihood that the defendant will return to court, and the defendant’s threat to public safety. However, even if a defendant demonstrates that they will appear in court and are not a safety risk, they not guaranteed to be released on their own recognizance.
Some examples of own recognizance statutes are listed below:
[Last updated in July of 2020 by the Wex Definitions Team]