pain and suffering

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Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary

The physical or emotional distress resulting from an injury. Though the concept is somewhat abstract, the injured person (the plaintiff) can seek compensation in the form of cold, hard cash. How much the defendant owes for pain and suffering is calculated separately from the amount owing for more direct expenses, such as medical bills or time lost from work -- although sometimes these amounts are considered to arrive at a logical figure.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.