pain and suffering

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Pain and suffering refers to the physical discomfort and emotional distress that are compensable as noneconomic damages. It refers to the pain, discomfort, anguish, inconvenience, and emotional trauma that accompanies an injury. In New York, the term “pain and suffering” includes all items of nonpecuniary damages and includes the loss of enjoyment of life. Damages for the loss of enjoyment of life compensate for the frustration and anguish caused by the inability to participate in activities that once brought pleasure. 

[Last updated in July of 2020 by the Wex Definitions Team]