Present Recollection Refreshed

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Under theĀ Federal Rules of Evidence, a witness must testify from the basis of his current recollection, he cannot read from a document. However, if a witness forgets something he at one time knew and had personal knowledge of, he may be shown a writing to refresh his memory. The writing or document used by the witness to refresh his memory cannot be admitted as evidence or read to the jury, it can only be used to refresh the witness's memory of something he once knew.