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1) To complain in a public way about an act.

2) To declare something firmly and emphatically in the face of stated or implied doubt, or in response to an accusation.



1) A public remonstrance or demonstration (usually expressing dissent) centered around an act or policy of a governing body, such as sending troops overseas, use of the death penalty, or any other regulation or law.

Generally, by expressing objection to a political idea or act through protest, protesters aim to influence public opinion and/or government policy.

A protest constitutes as an instance of civil resistance, or nonviolent resistance, when it is part of a larger systematic and peaceful nonviolent campaign aimed at achieving a specific objective by use of pressure and persuasion.

2) The legal procedure by which a taxpayer disputes their property tax rate, the assessed evaluation of property for tax purposes, or an import duty.

An objection to the payment of an import duty must include a distinct and clear specification of each substantive ground of objection to the payment of the duty. 

5) A written demand, usually issued by a notary public, for payment of an amount owed on a promissory note that has not been paid or on a check that was refused by a bank.

6) A document drawn by the master of a ship, and formally attested, stating the circumstances under which damage has happened to the ship or its cargo.

7) An express reservation or notice, preferably in writing, by which a person protects themself against the effects of any admission that might be implied from their act.

Such protest is used in commercial transactions where payers purchase goods out of desperation or vulnerability. Usually, at the time of payment, a buyer’s status as one paying “under  protest” is noted on the receipt. This note implies that though the buyer/payer pays under compulsion of circumstances, they do not acquiesce in the legality of the demand or surrender any right they may have to recover back the money they’ve paid.

8) In commercial paper transactions, a certificate of dishonor, made under the hand and seal of a United States consul, vice consul,  notary public, or other person authorized to certify dishonor by the law of the place where dishonor occurs.

9) A proceeding to cancel or defeat an entry of public lands.


Relevant Terms


Civil Liberties

Civil Rights


First Amendment

Human rights

Property tax


[Last updated in November of 2020 by the Wex Definitions Team]