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A resident is a person who lives in a particular place for the indefinite future. Federal courts may determine whether a person is a resident, also referred to as being domiciled, of a state to determine whether diversity jurisdiction exists. For example, in Baker v. Keck, the Eastern District of Illinois ruled that a person who was in Oklahoma for several years, voted there, and participated in community events was a resident of Oklahoma for purposes of federal diversity jurisdiction. 

[Last updated in April of 2021 by the Wex Definitions Team]