10 U.S. Code § 869 - Art. 69. Review in the office of the Judge Advocate General

(a) The record of trial in each general court-martial that is not otherwise reviewed under section 866 of this title (article 66) shall be examined in the office of the Judge Advocate General if there is a finding of guilty and the accused does not waive or withdraw his right to appellate review under section 861 of this title (article 61). If any part of the findings or sentence is found to be unsupported in law or if reassessment of the sentence is appropriate, the Judge Advocate General may modify or set aside the findings or sentence or both.
(b) The findings or sentence, or both, in a court-martial case not reviewed under subsection (a) or under section 866 of this title (article 66) may be modified or set aside, in whole or in part, by the Judge Advocate General on the ground of newly discovered evidence, fraud on the court, lack of jurisdiction over the accused or the offense, error prejudicial to the substantial rights of the accused, or the appropriateness of the sentence. If such a case is considered upon application of the accused, the application must be filed in the office of the Judge Advocate General by the accused on or before the last day of the two-year period beginning on the date the sentence is approved under section 860 (c) of this title (article 60(c)), unless the accused establishes good cause for failure to file within that time.
(c) If the Judge Advocate General sets aside the findings or sentence, he may, except when the setting aside is based on lack of sufficient evidence in the record to support the findings, order a rehearing. If he sets aside the findings and sentence and does not order a rehearing, he shall order that the charges be dismissed. If the Judge Advocate General orders a rehearing but the convening authority finds a rehearing impractical, the convening authority shall dismiss the charges.
(d) A Court of Criminal Appeals may review, under section 866 of this title (article 66)—
(1) any court-martial case which
(A) is subject to action by the Judge Advocate General under this section, and
(B) is sent to the Court of Criminal Appeals by order of the Judge Advocate General; and
(2) any action taken by the Judge Advocate General under this section in such case.
(e) Notwithstanding section 866 of this title (article 66), in any case reviewed by a Court of Criminal Appeals under this section, the Court may take action only with respect to matters of law.

Source

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 61; Pub. L. 90–632, § 2(30),Oct. 24, 1968, 82 Stat. 1342; Pub. L. 97–81, § 6,Nov. 20, 1981, 95 Stat. 1089; Pub. L. 98–209, § 7(e)(1),Dec. 6, 1983, 97 Stat. 1402; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title XIII, §§ 1302(a), 1304(b)(1),Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1576, 1577; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IX, § 924(c)(2),Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2831.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
869 50:656. May 5, 1950, ch. 169, § 1 (Art. 69), 64 Stat. 130.

The word “may” is substituted for the word “will”. The word “under” is substituted for the words “pursuant to the provisions of”.
Amendments

1994—Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 103–337substituted “Court of Criminal Appeals” for “Court of Military Review” wherever appearing.
1989—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–189, § 1304(b)(1), which directed amendment of subsec. (a) by striking “section 867 (b)(2) of this title (article 67(b)(2))” in the third sentence and inserting in lieu thereof “section 867 (a)(2) of this title (article 67(a)(2))”, could not be executed because of the intervening amendment by Pub. L. 101–189, § 1302(a)(1), which struck out the third sentence, see below.
Pub. L. 101–189, § 1302(a)(1), struck out the third sentence, which read as follows: “If the Judge Advocate General so directs, the record shall be reviewed by a Court of Military Review under section 866 of this title (article 66), but in that event there may be no further review by the Court of Military Appeals except under section 867 (b)(2) of this title (article 67(b)(2)).”
Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 101–189, § 1302(a)(2), added subsecs. (d) and (e).
1983—Pub. L. 98–209amended section generally. Prior to amendment section provided that every record of trial by general court-martial, in which there had been a finding of guilty and a sentence, the appellate review of which was not otherwise provided for by section 866 of this title, was to be examined in the office of the Judge Advocate General; that if any part of the findings or sentence was found unsupported in law, or if the Judge Advocate General so directed, the record was to be reviewed by a board of review in accordance with section 866 of this title, but in that event there could be no further review by the Court of Military Appeals except under section 867 (b)(2) of this title, that notwithstanding section 876 of this title, the findings or sentence, or both, in a court-martial case which had been finally reviewed, but had not been reviewed by a Court of Military Review could be vacated or modified, in whole or in part, by the Judge Advocate General on the ground of newly discovered evidence, fraud on the court, lack of jurisdiction over the accused or the offense, or error prejudicial to the substantial rights of the accused; and that when such a case was considered upon application of the accused, the application had to be filed in the Office of the Judge Advocate General by the accused before: (1) October 1, 1983, or (2) the last day of the two-year period beginning on the date the sentence was approved by the convening authority or, in a special court-martial case which required action under section 865 (b) of this title, the officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction, whichever was later, unless the accused established good cause for failure to file within that time.
1981—Pub. L. 97–81inserted provision that, when a case is considered upon application of the accused, the application must be filed in the Office of the Judge Advocate General by the accused before (1) October 1, 1983, or (2) the last day of the two-year period beginning on the date the sentence is approved by the convening authority or, in a special court-martial case which requires action under section 865 (b) of this title (article 65(b)), the officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction, whichever is later, unless the accused establishes good cause for failure to file within that time.
1968—Pub. L. 90–632authorized the Judge Advocate General to either vacate or modify the findings or sentence, or both, in whole or in part, in any court-martial case which has been finally reviewed, but which has not been reviewed by a Court of Military Review, because of newly discovered evidence, fraud on the court, lack of jurisdiction over the accused or the offense, or error prejudicial to the substantial rights of the accused.
Effective Date of 1989 Amendment

Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title XIII, § 1302(b),Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1576, provided that: “Subsection (e) ofsection 869 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to cases in which a finding of guilty is adjudged by a general court-martial after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 29, 1989].”
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–209effective first day of eighth calendar month beginning after Dec. 6, 1983, but not to apply to any case in which the findings and sentence were adjudged by a court-martial before that date, and the proceedings in any such case to be held in the same manner and with the same effect as if such amendments had not been enacted, see section 12(a)(1), (4) ofPub. L. 98–209, set out as a note under section 801 of this title.
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–81effective at end of 60-day period beginning on Nov. 20, 1981, see section 7(a) ofPub. L. 97–81, set out as an Effective Date note under section 706 of this title.
Effective Date of 1968 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 90–632effective Oct. 24, 1968, see section 4(b) ofPub. L. 90–632, set out as a note under section 801 of this title.
Two-Year Period for Applications for Modification or Set-Aside Inapplicable to Applications Filed On or Before October 1, 1983

Pub. L. 98–209, § 7(e)(2),Dec. 6, 1983, 97 Stat. 1403, provided that the two-year period specified under the second sentence of subsec. (b) of this section did not apply to any application filed in the office of the appropriate Judge Advocate General on or before Oct. 1, 1983, and that the application in such a case would be considered in the same manner and with the same effect as if such two-year period had not been enacted.

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