10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their compliance dates.

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§ 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their compliance dates.
Link to an amendment published at 81 FR 30163, May 16, 2016.

The energy and water (in the case of faucets, showerheads, water closets, and urinals) conservation standards for the covered product classes are:

(a) Refrigerators/refrigerator-freezers/freezers. These standards do not apply to refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers with total refrigerated volume exceeding 39 cubic feet (1104 liters) or freezers with total refrigerated volume exceeding 30 cubic feet (850 liters). The energy standards as determined by the equations of the following table(s) shall be rounded off to the nearest kWh per year. If the equation calculation is halfway between the nearest two kWh per year values, the standard shall be rounded up to the higher of these values.

The following standards remain in effect from July 1, 2001 until September 15, 2014:

Product class Energy standard equations for maximum energy use
(kWh/yr)
1. Refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers with manual defrost 8.82AV 248.4
0.31av 248.4
2. Refrigerator-freezers - partial automatic defrost 8.82AV 248.4
0.31av 248.4
3. Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with top-mounted freezer without through-the-door ice service and all-refrigerator - automatic defrost 9.80AV 276.0
0.35av 276.0
4. Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with side-mounted freezer without through-the-door ice service 4.91AV 507.5
0.17av 507.5
5. Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with bottom-mounted freezer without through-the-door ice service 4.60AV 459.0
0.16av 459.0
6. Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with top-mounted freezer with through-the-door ice service 10.20AV 356.0
0.36av 356.0
7. Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with side-mounted freezer with through-the-door ice service 10.10AV 406.0
0.36av 406.0
8. Upright freezers with manual defrost 7.55AV 258.3
0.27av 258.3
9. Upright freezers with automatic defrost 12.43AV 326.1
0.44av 326.1
10. Chest freezers and all other freezers except compact freezers 9.88AV 143.7
0.35av 143.7
11. Compact refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers with manual defrost 10.70AV 299.0
0.38av 299.0
12. Compact refrigerator-freezer - partial automatic defrost 7.00AV 398.0
0.25av 398.0
13. Compact refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with top-mounted freezer and compact all-refrigerator - automatic defrost 12.70AV 355.0
0.45av 355.0
14. Compact refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with side-mounted freezer 7.60AV 501.0
0.27av 501.0
15. Compact refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with bottom-mounted freezer 13.10AV 367.0
0.46av 367.0
16. Compact upright freezers with manual defrost 9.78AV 250.8
0.35av 250.8
17. Compact upright freezers with automatic defrost 11.40AV 391.0
0.40av 391.0
18. Compact chest freezers 10.45AV 152.0
0.37av 152.0

AV: Adjusted Volume in ft 3; av: Adjusted Volume in liters (L).

The following standards apply to products manufactured starting on September 15, 2014:


Product class
Equations for maximum energy use
(kWh/yr)
Based on AV (ft 3) Based on av (L)
1. Refrigerator-freezers and refrigerators other than all-refrigerators with manual defrost 7.99AV 225.0 0.282av 225.0
1A. All-refrigerators - manual defrost 6.79AV 193.6 0.240av 193.6
2. Refrigerator-freezers - partial automatic defrost 7.99AV 225.0 0.282av 225.0
3. Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with top-mounted freezer without an automatic icemaker 8.07AV 233.7 0.285av 233.7
3-BI. Built-in refrigerator-freezer - automatic defrost with top-mounted freezer without an automatic icemaker 9.15AV 264.9 0.323av 264.9
3I. Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with top-mounted freezer with an automatic icemaker without through-the-door ice service 8.07AV 317.7 0.285av 317.7
3I-BI. Built-in refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with top-mounted freezer with an automatic icemaker without through-the-door ice service 9.15AV 348.9 0.323av 348.9
3A. All-refrigerators - automatic defrost 7.07AV 201.6 0.250av 201.6
3A-BI. Built-in All-refrigerators - automatic defrost 8.02AV 228.5 0.283av 228.5
4. Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with side-mounted freezer without an automatic icemaker 8.51AV 297.8 0.301av 297.8
4-BI. Built-In Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with side-mounted freezer without an automatic icemaker 10.22AV 357.4 0.361av 357.4
4I. Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with side-mounted freezer with an automatic icemaker without through-the-door ice service 8.51AV 381.8 0.301av 381.8
4I-BI. Built-In Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with side-mounted freezer with an automatic icemaker without through-the-door ice service 10.22AV 441.4 0.361av 441.4
5. Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with bottom-mounted freezer without an automatic icemaker 8.85AV 317.0 0.312av 317.0
5-BI. Built-In Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with bottom-mounted freezer without an automatic icemaker 9.40AV 336.9 0.332av 336.9
5I. Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with bottom-mounted freezer with an automatic icemaker without through-the-door ice service 8.85AV 401.0 0.312av 401.0
5I-BI. Built-In Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with bottom-mounted freezer with an automatic icemaker without through-the-door ice service 9.40AV 420.9 0.332av 420.9
5A. Refrigerator-freezer - automatic defrost with bottom-mounted freezer with through-the-door ice service 9.25AV 475.4 0.327av 475.4
5A-BI. Built-in refrigerator-freezer - automatic defrost with bottom-mounted freezer with through-the-door ice service 9.83AV 499.9 0.347av 499.9
6. Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with top-mounted freezer with through-the-door ice service 8.40AV 385.4 0.297av 385.4
7. Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with side-mounted freezer with through-the-door ice service 8.54AV 432.8 0.302av 432.8
7-BI. Built-In Refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with side-mounted freezer with through-the-door ice service 10.25AV 502.6 0.362av 502.6
8. Upright freezers with manual defrost 5.57AV 193.7 0.197av 193.7
9. Upright freezers with automatic defrost without an automatic icemaker 8.62AV 228.3 0.305av 228.3
9I. Upright freezers with automatic defrost with an automatic icemaker 8.62AV 312.3 0.305av 312.3
9-BI. Built-In Upright freezers with automatic defrost without an automatic icemaker 9.86AV 260.9 0.348av 260.9
9I-BI. Built-in upright freezers with automatic defrost with an automatic icemaker 9.86AV 344.9 0.348av 344.9
10. Chest freezers and all other freezers except compact freezers 7.29AV 107.8 0.257av 107.8
10A. Chest freezers with automatic defrost 10.24AV 148.1 0.362av 148.1
11. Compact refrigerator-freezers and refrigerators other than all-refrigerators with manual defrost 9.03AV 252.3 0.319av 252.3
11A.Compact all-refrigerators - manual defrost 7.84AV 219.1 0.277av 219.1
12. Compact refrigerator-freezers - partial automatic defrost 5.91AV 335.8 0.209av 335.8
13. Compact refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with top-mounted freezer 11.80AV 339.2 0.417av 339.2
13I. Compact refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with top-mounted freezer with an automatic icemaker 11.80AV 423.2 0.417av 423.2
13A. Compact all-refrigerators - automatic defrost 9.17AV 259.3 0.324av 259.3
14. Compact refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with side-mounted freezer 6.82AV 456.9 0.241av 456.9
14I. Compact refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with side-mounted freezer with an automatic icemaker 6.82AV 540.9 0.241av 540.9
15. Compact refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with bottom-mounted freezer 11.80AV 339.2 0.417av 339.2
15I. Compact refrigerator-freezers - automatic defrost with bottom-mounted freezer with an automatic icemaker 11.80AV 423.2 0.417av 423.2
16. Compact upright freezers with manual defrost 8.65AV 225.7 0.306av 225.7
17. Compact upright freezers with automatic defrost 10.17AV 351.9 0.359av 351.9
18. Compact chest freezers 9.25AV 136.8 0.327av 136.8

AV = Total adjusted volume, expressed in ft 3, as determined in appendices A and B of subpart B of this part.

av = Total adjusted volume, expressed in Liters.

(b) Room air conditioners.

Product class Energy efficiency ratio, effective from Oct. 1, 2000 to
May 31, 2014
Combined energy
efficiency ratio,
effective as of
June 1, 2014
1. Without reverse cycle, with louvered sides, and less than 6,000 Btu/h 9.7 11.0
2. Without reverse cycle, with louvered sides, and 6,000 to 7,999 Btu/h 9.7 11.0
3. Without reverse cycle, with louvered sides, and 8,000 to 13,999 Btu/h 9.8 10.9
4. Without reverse cycle, with louvered sides, and 14,000 to 19,999 Btu/h 9.7 10.7
5a. Without reverse cycle, with louvered sides, and 20,000 to 27,999 Btu/h 8.5 9.4
5b. Without reverse cycle, with louvered sides, and 28,000 Btu/h or more 8.5 9.0
6. Without reverse cycle, without louvered sides, and less than 6,000 Btu/h 9.0 10.0
7. Without reverse cycle, without louvered sides, and 6,000 to 7,999 Btu/h 9.0 10.0
8a. Without reverse cycle, without louvered sides, and 8,000 to 10,999 Btu/h 8.5 9.6
8b. Without reverse cycle, without louvered sides, and 11,000 to 13,999 Btu/h 8.5 9.5
9. Without reverse cycle, without louvered sides, and 14,000 to 19,999 Btu/h 8.5 9.3
10. Without reverse cycle, without louvered sides, and 20,000 Btu/h or more 8.5 9.4
11. With reverse cycle, with louvered sides, and less than 20,000 Btu/h 9.0 9.8
12. With reverse cycle, without louvered sides, and less than 14,000 Btu/h 8.5 9.3
13. With reverse cycle, with louvered sides, and 20,000 Btu/h or more 8.5 9.3
14. With reverse cycle, without louvered sides, and 14,000 Btu/h or more 8.0 8.7
15. Casement-Only 8.7 9.5
16. Casement-Slider 9.5 10.4

(c) Central air conditioners and heat pumps. The energy conservation standards defined in terms of the heating seasonal performance factor are based on Region IV, the minimum standardized design heating requirement, and the sampling plan stated in § 429.16 of this chapter.

(1) Central air conditioners and central air conditioning heat pumps manufactured on or after January 23, 2006, and before January 1, 2015, shall have Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio and Heating Seasonal Performance Factor no less than:

Product class Seasonal energy efficiency ratio (SEER) Heating seasonal performance
factor (HSPF)
(i) Split-system air conditioners 13
(ii) Split-system heat pumps 13 7.7
(iii) Single-package air conditioners 13
(iv) Single-package heat pumps 13 7.7
(v) Small-duct, high-velocity systems 11 6.8
(vi)(A) Space-constrained products - air conditioners 12
(vi)(B) Space-constrained products - heat pumps 12 7.4

(2) Central air conditioners and central air conditioning heat pumps manufactured on or after January 1, 2015, shall have a Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio and Heating Seasonal Performance Factor not less than:

Product class Seasonal energy efficiency ratio (SEER) Heating seasonal performance
factor (HSPF)
(i) Split-system air conditioners 13
(ii) Split-system heat pumps 14 8.2
(iii) Single-package air conditioners 14
(iv) Single-package heat pumps 14 8.0
(v) Small-duct, high-velocity systems 12 7.2
(vi)(A) Space-constrained products - air conditioners 12
(vi)(B) Space-constrained products - heat pumps 12 7.4

(3) In addition to meeting the applicable requirements in paragraph (c)(2) of this section, products in product class (i) of that paragraph (i.e., split-system air conditioners) that are manufactured on or after January 1, 2015, and installed in the States of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, or Virginia, or in the District of Columbia, shall have a Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio not less than 14.

(4) In addition to meeting the applicable requirements in paragraphs (c)(2) of this section, products in product classes (i) and (iii) of paragraph (c)(2) (i.e., split-system air conditioners and single-package air conditioners) that are manufactured on or after January 1, 2015, and installed in the States of Arizona, California, Nevada, or New Mexico shall have a Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio not less than 14 and have an Energy Efficiency Ratio (at a standard rating of 95 °F dry bulb outdoor temperature) not less than the following:

Product class Energy efficiency ratio (EER)
(i) Split-system rated cooling capacity less than 45,000 Btu/hr 12.2
(ii) Split-system rated cooling capacity equal to or greater than 45,000 Btu/hr 11.7
(iii) Single-package systems 11.0

(5) Central air conditioners and central air conditioning heat pumps manufactured on or after January 1, 2015, shall have an average off mode electrical power consumption not more than the following:

Product class Average off mode power consumption PW,OFF (watts)
(i) Split-system air conditioners 30
(ii) Split-system heat pumps 33
(iii) Single-package air conditioners 30
(iv) Single-package heat pumps 33
(v) Small-duct, high-velocity systems 30
(vi) Space-constrained air conditioners 30
(vii) Space-constrained heat pumps 33

(d) Water heaters and grid-enabled water heaters -

(1) Water heaters. The energy factor of water heaters shall not be less than the following for products manufactured on or after the indicated dates.

Product class Storage volume Energy factor as of January 20, 2004 Energy factor as of April 16, 2015
Gas-fired Storage Water Heater ≥20 gallons and ≤100 gallons 0.67−(0.0019 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons) For tanks with a Rated Storage Volume at or below 55 gallons: EF = 0.675−(0.0015 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons).
For tanks with a Rated Storage Volume above 55 gallons: EF = 0.8012−(0.00078 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons).
Oil-fired Storage Water Heater ≤50 gallons 0.59−(0.0019 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons) EF = 0.68−(0.0019 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons).
Electric Storage Water Heater ≥20 gallons and ≤120 gallons 0.97−(0.00132 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons) For tanks with a Rated Storage Volume at or below 55 gallons: EF = 0.960−(0.0003 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons).
For tanks with a Rated Storage Volume above 55 gallons: EF = 2.057−(0.00113 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons).
Tabletop Water Heater ≥20 gallons and ≤120 gallons 0.93−(0.00132 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons) EF = 0.93−(0.00132 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons).
Instantaneous Gas-fired Water Heater <2 gallons 0.62−(0.0019 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons) EF = 0.82−(0.0019 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons).
Instantaneous Electric Water Heater <2 gallons 0.93−(0.00132 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons) EF = 0.93−(0.00132 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons).

Note: The Rated Storage Volume equals the water storage capacity of a water heater, in gallons, as certified by the manufacturer.

Exclusions: The energy conservation standards shown in this paragraph do not apply to the following types of water heaters: Gas-fired, oil-fired, and electric water heaters at or above 2 gallons storage volume and below 20 gallons storage volume; gas-fired water heaters above 100 gallons storage volume; oil-fired water heaters above 50 gallons storage volume; electric water heaters above 120 gallons storage volume; gas-fired instantaneous water heaters at or below 50,000 Btu/h; and grid-enabled water heaters.

(2) Grid-enabled water heaters. The energy factor of grid-enabled water heaters, as of April 30, 2015, shall not be less than 1.061−(0.00168 × Rated Storage Volume in gallons).

(e) Furnaces and boilers.

(1) Furnaces.

(i) The Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency (AFUE) of residential furnaces shall not be less than the following for non-weatherized gas furnaces manufactured before November 19, 2015, non-weatherized oil furnaces manufactured before May 1, 2013, and weatherized furnaces manufactured before January 1, 2015:

Product class AFUE
(percent) 1
(A) Furnaces (excluding classes noted below) 78
(B) Mobile Home furnaces 75
(C) Small furnaces (other than those designed solely for installation in mobile homes) having an input rate of less than 45,000 Btu/hr
(1) Weatherized (outdoor) 78
(2) Non-weatherized (indoor) 78

1 Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency, as determined in § 430.23(n)(2) of this part.

(ii) The AFUE of residential furnaces shall not be less than the following starting on the compliance date indicated in the table below:

Product class AFUE
(percent) 1
Compliance date
(A) Non-weatherized gas furnaces (not including mobile home furnaces) 80 November 19, 2015.
(B) Mobile Home gas furnaces 80 November 19, 2015.
(C) Non-weatherized oil-fired furnaces (not including mobile home furnaces) 83 May 1, 2013.
(D) Mobile Home oil-fired furnaces 75 September 1, 1990.
(E) Weatherized gas furnaces 81 January 1, 2015.
(F) Weatherized oil-fired furnaces 78 January 1, 1992.
(G) Electric furnaces 78 January 1, 1992.

1 Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency, as determined in § 430.23(n)(2) of this part.

(iii) Furnaces manufactured on or after May 1, 2013, shall have an electrical standby mode power consumption (PW,SB) and electrical off mode power consumption (PW,OFF) not more than the following:

Product class Maximum standby mode electrical power consumption, PW,SB (watts) Maximum off mode electrical power consumption, PW,OFF (watts)
(A) Non-weatherized oil-fired furnaces (including mobile home furnaces) 11 11
(B) Electric furnaces 10 10

(2) Boilers.

(i) The AFUE of residential boilers manufactured before September 1, 2012, shall not be less than the following:

Product class AFUE 1 (percent)
(A) Boilers (excluding gas steam) 80
(B) Gas steam boilers 75

1 Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency, as determined in § 430.22(n)(2) of this part.

(ii) Except as provided in paragraph (e)(2)(iv) of this section, the AFUE of residential boilers, manufactured on or after September 1, 2012, and before January 15, 2021, shall not be less than the following and must comply with the design requirements as follows:

Product class AFUE 1
(percent)
Design requirements
(A) Gas-fired hot water boiler 82 Constant burning pilot not permitted.
Automatic means for adjusting water temperature required (except for boilers equipped with tankless domestic water heating coils).
(B) Gas-fired steam boiler 80 Constant burning pilot not permitted.
(C) Oil-fired hot water boiler 84 Automatic means for adjusting temperature required (except for boilers equipped with tankless domestic water heating coils).
(D) Oil-fired steam boiler 82 None.
(E) Electric hot water boiler None Automatic means for adjusting temperature required (except for boilers equipped with tankless domestic water heating coils).

1 Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency, as determined in § 430.22(n)(2) of this part.

(iii)

(A) Except as provided in paragraph (e)(2)(v) of this section, the AFUE of residential boilers, manufactured on and after January 15, 2021, shall not be less than the following and must comply with the design requirements as follows:

Product class AFUE 1
(percent)
Design requirements
(1) Gas-fired hot water boiler 84 Constant-burning pilot not permitted. Automatic means for adjusting water temperature required (except for boilers equipped with tankless domestic water heating coils).
(2) Gas-fired steam boiler 82 Constant-burning pilot not permitted.
(3) Oil-fired hot water boiler 86 Automatic means for adjusting temperature required (except for boilers equipped with tankless domestic water heating coils).
(4) Oil-fired steam boiler 85 None.
(5) Electric hot water boiler None Automatic means for adjusting temperature required (except for boilers equipped with tankless domestic water heating coils).
(6) Electric steam boiler None None.

1 Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency, as determined in § 430.23(n)(2) of this part.

(B) Except as provided in paragraph (e)(2)(v) of this section, the standby mode power consumption (PW,SB) and off mode power consumption (PW,OFF) of residential boilers, manufactured on and after January 15, 2021, shall not be more than the following:

Product class PW,SB
(watts)
PW,OFF
(watts)
(1) Gas-fired hot water boiler 9 9
(2) Gas-fired steam boiler 8 8
(3) Oil-fired hot water boiler 11 11
(4) Oil-fired steam boiler 11 11
(5) Electric hot water boiler 8 8
(6) Electric steam boiler 8 8

(iv) Automatic means for adjusting water temperature.

(A) The automatic means for adjusting water temperature as required under paragraph (e)(2)(ii) of this section must automatically adjust the temperature of the water supplied by the boiler to ensure that an incremental change in inferred heat load produces a corresponding incremental change in the temperature of water supplied.

(B) For boilers that fire at a single input rate, the automatic means for adjusting water temperature requirement may be satisfied by providing an automatic means that allows the burner or heating element to fire only when the means has determined that the inferred heat load cannot be met by the residual heat of the water in the system.

(C) When there is no inferred heat load with respect to a hot water boiler, the automatic means described in this paragraph shall limit the temperature of the water in the boiler to not more than 140 degrees Fahrenheit.

(D) A boiler for which an automatic means for adjusting water temperature is required shall be operable only when the automatic means is installed.

(v) A boiler that is manufactured to operate without any need for electricity or any electric connection, electric gauges, electric pumps, electric wires, or electric devices is not required to meet the AFUE or design requirements applicable to the boiler requirements of paragraph (e)(2)(ii) of this section, but must meet the requirements of paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section, as applicable.

(f) Dishwashers.

(1) The energy factor of dishwashers manufactured on or after May 14, 1994, must not be less than:

Product class Energy factor
(cycles/kWh)
(i) Compact Dishwasher (capacity less than eight place settings plus six serving pieces as specified in ANSI/AHAM DW-1 [Incorporated by reference, see § 430.22] using the test load specified in section 2.7 of appendix C in subpart B) 0.62
(ii) Standard Dishwasher (capacity equal to or greater than eight place settings plus six serving pieces as specified in ANSI/AHAM DW-1 [Incorporated by Reference, see § 430.22] using the test load specified in section 2.7 of appendix C in subpart B) 0.46

(2) All dishwashers manufactured on or after January 1, 2010, shall meet the following standard -

(i) Standard size dishwashers shall not exceed 355 kwh/year and 6.5 gallons per cycle.

(ii) Compact size dishwashers shall not exceed 260 kwh/year and 4.5 gallons per cycle.

(3) All dishwashers manufactured on or after May 30, 2013, shall meet the following standard -

(i) Standard size dishwashers shall not exceed 307 kwh/year and 5.0 gallons per cycle.

(ii) Compact size dishwashers shall not exceed 222 kwh/year and 3.5 gallons per cycle.

(g) Clothes washers.

(1) Clothes washers manufactured on or after January 1, 2007 shall have a Modified Energy Factor no less than:

Product class Modified energy factor
(cu.ft./kWh/cycle)
i. Top-loading, Compact (less than 1.6 ft 3 capacity) 0.65.
ii. Top-loading, Standard (1.6 ft 3 or greater capacity) 1.26.
iii. Top-Loading, Semi-Automatic Not Applicable. 1
iv. Front-loading 1.26.
v. Suds-saving Not Applicable. 1

1 Must have an unheated rinse water option.

(2) All top-loading or front-loading standard-size residential clothes washers manufactured on or after January 1, 2011, and before March 7, 2015, shall meet the following standard -

(i) A Modified Energy Factor of at least 1.26; and

(ii) A Water Factor of not more than 9.5.

(3) Clothes washers manufactured on or after March 7, 2015, and before January 1, 2018, shall have an Integrated Modified Energy Factor no less than, and an Integrated Water Factor no greater than:

Product class Integrated modified energy factor
(cu.ft./kWh/cycle)
Integrated water
factor
(gal/cycle/cu.ft.)
i. Top-loading, Compact (less than 1.6 ft 3 capacity) 0.86 14.4
ii. Top-loading, Standard (1.6 ft 3 or greater capacity) 1.29 8.4
iii. Front-loading, Compact (less than 1.6 ft 3 capacity) 1.13 8.3
iv. Front-loading, Standard (1.6 ft 3 or greater capacity) 1.84 4.7

(4) Clothes washers manufactured on or after January 1, 2018 shall have an Integrated Modified Energy Factor no less than, and an Integrated Water Factor no greater than:

Product class Integrated modified energy factor
(cu.ft./kWh/cycle)
Integrated water
factor
(gal/cycle/cu.ft.)
i. Top-loading, Compact (less than 1.6 ft 3 capacity) 1.15 12.0
ii. Top-loading, Standard (1.6 ft 3 or greater capacity) 1.57 6.5
iii. Front-loading, Compact (less than 1.6 ft 3 capacity) 1.13 8.3
iv. Front-loading, Standard (1.6 ft 3 or greater capacity) 1.84 4.7

(h) Clothes dryers.

(1) Gas clothes dryers manufactured after January 1, 1988 shall not be equipped with a constant burning pilot.

(2) Clothes dryers manufactured on or after May 14, 1994 and before January 1, 2015, shall have an energy factor no less than:

Product class Energy
factor
(lbs/kWh)
i. Electric, Standard (4.4 ft 3 or greater capacity) 3.01
ii. Electric, Compact (120V) (less than 4.4 ft 3 capacity) 3.13
iii. Electric, Compact (240V) (less than 4.4 ft 3 capacity) 2.90
iv. Gas 2.67

(3) Clothes dryers manufactured on or after January 1, 2015, shall have a combined energy factor no less than:

Product class Combined energy
factor
(lbs/kWh)
i. Vented Electric, Standard (4.4 ft 3 or greater capacity) 3.73
ii. Vented Electric, Compact (120V) (less than 4.4 ft 3 capacity) 3.61
iii. Vented Electric, Compact (240V) (less than 4.4 ft 3 capacity) 3.27
iv. Vented Gas 3.30
v. Ventless Electric, Compact (240V) (less than 4.4 ft 3 capacity) 2.55
vi. Ventless Electric, Combination Washer-Dryer 2.08

(i) Direct heating equipment.

(1) Vented home heating equipment manufactured on or after January 1, 1990 and before April 16, 2013, shall have an annual fuel utilization efficiency no less than:

Product class Annual fuel utilization efficiency, Jan. 1, 1990 (percent)
1. Gas wall fan type up to 42,000 Btu/h 73
2. Gas wall fan type over 42,000 Btu/h 74
3. Gas wall gravity type up to 10,000 Btu/h 59
4. Gas wall gravity type over 10,000 Btu/h up to 12, 000 Btu/h 60
5. Gas wall gravity type over 12,000 Btu/h up to 15,000 Btu/h 61
6. Gas wall gravity type over 15,000 Btu/h up to 19,000 Btu/h 62
7. Gas wall gravity type over 19,000 Btu/h and up to 27,000 Btu/h 63
8. Gas wall gravity type over 27,000 Btu/h and up to 46,000 Btu/h 64
9. Gas wall gravity type over 46,000 Btu/h 65
10. Gas floor up to 37,000 Btu/h 56
11. Gas floor over 37,000 Btu/h 57
12. Gas room up to 18,000 Btu/h 57
13. Gas room over 18,000 Btu/h up to 20,000 Btu/h 58
14. Gas room over 20,000 Btu/h up to 27,000 Btu/h 63
15. Gas room over 27,000 Btu/h up to 46,000 Btu/h 64
16. Gas room over 46,000 Btu/h 65

(2) Vented home heating equipment manufactured on or after April 16, 2013, shall have an annual fuel utilization efficiency no less than:

Product class Annual fuel utilization efficiency, April 16, 2013 (percent)
Gas wall fan type up to 42,000 Btu/h 75
Gas wall fan type over 42,000 Btu/h 76
Gas wall gravity type up to 27,000 Btu/h 65
Gas wall gravity type over 27,000 Btu/h up to 46,000 Btu/h 66
Gas wall gravity type over 46,000 Btu/h 67
Gas floor up to 37,000 Btu/h 57
Gas floor over 37,000 Btu/h 58
Gas room up to 20,000 Btu/h 61
Gas room over 20,000 Btu/h up to 27,000 Btu/h 66
Gas room over 27,000 Btu/h up to 46,000 Btu/h 67
Gas room over 46,000 Btu/h 68

(j) Cooking Products (1) Gas cooking products with an electrical supply cord manufactured on or after January 1, 1990, shall not be equipped with a constant burning pilot light.

(2) Gas cooking products without an electrical supply cord manufactured on or after April 9, 2012, shall not be equipped with a constant burning pilot light.

(3) Microwave-only ovens and countertop convection microwave ovens manufactured on or after June 17, 2016 shall have an average standby power not more than 1.0 watt. Built-in and over-the-range convection microwave ovens manufactured on or after June 17, 2016 shall have an average standby power not more than 2.2 watts.

(k) Pool heaters.

(1) Gas-fired pool heaters manufactured on or after January 1, 1990 and before April 16, 2013, shall have a thermal efficiency not less than 78%.

(2) Gas-fired pool heaters manufactured on or after April 16, 2013, shall have a thermal efficiency not less than 82%.

(l) Television sets. [Reserved]

(m) Fluorescent lamp ballasts -

(1) Standards for fluorescent lamp ballasts (other than dimming ballasts). Except as provided in paragraphs (m)(2) and (3) of this section, each fluorescent lamp ballast manufactured on or after November 14, 2014,

(i) Designed and marketed -

(A) To operate at nominal input voltages at or between 120 and 277 volts;

(B) To operate with an input current frequency of 60 Hertz; and

(C) For use in connection with fluorescent lamps (as defined in § 430.2)

(ii) Must have -

(A) A power factor of:

(1) 0.9 or greater for ballasts that are not residential ballasts; or

(2) 0.5 or greater for residential ballasts; and

(B) A ballast luminous efficiency not less than the following:

BLE = A/(1 B × average total lamp arc power ^ −C) Where A, B, and C are as follows:
Description A B C
Instant start and rapid start ballasts (not classified as residential ballasts) that are designed and marketed to operate:
4-foot medium bipin lamps; 0.993 0.27 0.25
2-foot U-shaped lamps; or
8-foot slimline lamps.
Programmed start ballasts (not classified as residential ballasts) that are designed and marketed to operate:
4-foot medium bipin lamps; 0.993 0.51 0.37
2-foot U-shaped lamps;
4-foot miniature bipin standard output lamps; or
4-foot miniature bipin high output lamps.
Instant start and rapid start ballasts (not classified as sign ballasts) that are designed and marketed to operate 8-foot high output lamps 0.993 0.38 0.25
Programmed start ballasts (not classified as sign ballasts) that are designed and marketed to operate 8-foot high output lamps 0.973 0.70 0.37
Sign ballasts that are designed and marketed to operate 8-foot high output lamps 0.993 0.47 0.25
Instant start and rapid start residential ballasts that are designed and marketed to operate:
4-foot medium bipin lamps; 0.993 0.41 0.25
2-foot U-shaped lamps; or
8-foot slimline lamps.
Programmed start residential ballasts that are designed and marketed to operate:
4-foot medium bipin lamps or 0.973 0.71 0.37
2-foot U-shaped lamps.

(2) Standards for certain dimming ballasts. Except as provided in paragraph (m)(3) of this section, each dimming ballast manufactured on or after November 14, 2014; designed and marketed to operate one F34T12, two F34T12, two F96T12/ES, or two F96T12HO/ES lamps; and

(i) Designed and marketed -

(A) To operate at nominal input voltages at or between 120 and 277 volts;

(B) To operate with an input current frequency of 60 Hertz; and

(C) For use in connection with fluorescent lamps (as defined in § 430.2)

(ii) Must have -

(A) A power factor of:

(1) 0.9 or greater for ballasts that are not residential ballasts; or

(2) 0.5 or greater for residential ballasts; and

(B) A ballast luminous efficiency not less than the following:

Designed and marketed for operation of a maximum of Nominal input
voltage
Total nominal lamp watts Ballast luminous efficiency
Low frequency ballasts High frequency ballasts
One F34T12 lamp 120/277 34 0.777 0.778
Two F34T12 lamps 120/277 68 0.804 0.805
Two F96T12/ES lamps 120/277 120 0.876 0.884
Two F96T12HO/ES lamps 120/277 190 0.711 0.713

(3) Exemptions. The power factor and ballast luminous efficiency standards described in paragraph (m)(1)(ii) and (m)(2)(ii) of this section do not apply to:

(i) A dimming ballast designed and marketed to operate exclusively lamp types other than one F34T12, two F34T12, two F96T12/ES, or two F96T12HO/ES lamps;

(ii) A low frequency ballast that is designed and marketed to operate T8 diameter lamps; is designed and marketed for use in electromagnetic-interference-sensitive-environments only; and is shipped by the manufacturer in packages containing 10 or fewer ballasts; or

(iii) A programmed start ballast that operates 4-foot medium bipin T8 lamps and delivers on average less than 140 milliamperes to each lamp.

(4) For the purposes of this paragraph (m), the definitions found in appendix Q of subpart B of this part apply.

(n) General service fluorescent lamps and incandescent reflector lamps.

(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (n)(2), (n)(3), and (n)(4) of this section, each of the following general service fluorescent lamps manufactured after the effective dates specified in the table shall meet or exceed the following lamp efficacy and CRI standards:

Lamp type Nominal
lamp
wattage
Minimum
CRI
Minimum
average lamp
efficacy
lm/W
Effective date
4-foot medium bipin >35 W
≤35 W
69
45
75.0
75.0
Nov. 1, 1995.
Nov. 1, 1995.
2-foot U-shaped >35 W
≤ 35 W
69
45
68.0
64.0
Nov. 1, 1995.
Nov. 1, 1995.
8-foot slimline >65 W
≤65 W
69
45
80.0
80.0
May 1, 1994.
May 1, 1994.
8-foot high output >100 W
≤100 W
69
45
80.0
80.0
May 1, 1994.
May 1, 1994.

(2) The standards described in paragraph (n)(1) of this section do not apply to:

(i) Any 4-foot medium bipin lamp or 2-foot U-shaped lamp with a rated wattage less than 28 watts;

(ii) Any 8-foot high output lamp not defined in ANSI C78.81 (incorporated by reference; see § 430.3) or related supplements, or not 0.800 nominal amperes; or

(iii) Any 8-foot slimline lamp not defined in ANSI C78.3 (incorporated by reference; see § 430.3).

(3) Except as provided in paragraph (n)(4) of this section, each of the following general service fluorescent lamps manufactured after July 14, 2012, shall meet or exceed the following lamp efficacy standards shown in the table:

Lamp type Correlated color
temperature
Minimum
average lamp
efficacy
lm/W
4-foot medium bipin ≤4,500K
>4,500K and ≤7,000K
89
88
2-foot U-shaped ≤4,500K
>4,500K and ≤7,000K
84
81
8-foot slimline ≤4,500K
>4,500K and ≤7,000K
97
93
8-foot high output ≤4,500K
>4,500K and ≤7,000K
92
88
4-foot miniature bipin standard output ≤4,500K
>4,500K and ≤7,000K
86
81
4-foot miniature bipin high output ≤4,500K
>4,500K and ≤7,000K
76
72

(4) Each of the following general service fluorescent lamps manufactured on or after January 26, 2018, shall meet or exceed the following lamp efficacy standards shown in the table:

Lamp type Correlated color
temperature
Minimum
average lamp
efficacy
lm/W
4-foot medium bipin ≤4,500K
>4,500K and ≤7,000K
92.4
88.7
2-foot U-shaped ≤4,500K
>4,500K and ≤7,000K
85.0
83.3
8-foot slimline ≤4,500K
>4,500K and ≤7,000K
97.0
93.0
8-foot high output ≤4,500K
>4,500K and ≤7,000K
92.0
88.0
4-foot miniature bipin standard output ≤4,500K
>4,500K and ≤7,000K
95.0
89.3
4-foot miniature bipin high output ≤4,500K
>4,500K and ≤7,000K
82.7
76.9

(5) Except as provided in paragraph (n)(6) of this section, each of the following incandescent reflector lamps manufactured after November 1, 1995, shall meet or exceed the lamp efficacy standards shown in the table:

Nominal lamp wattage Minimum
average lamp
efficacy
lm/W
40-50 10.5
51-66 11.0
67-85 12.5
86-115 14.0
116-155 14.5
156-205 15.0

(6) Each of the following incandescent reflector lamps manufactured after July 14, 2012, shall meet or exceed the lamp efficacy standards shown in the table:

Rated lamp wattage Lamp spectrum Lamp diameter
inches
Rated voltage Minimum
average lamp
efficacy
lm/W
40-205 Standard Spectrum >2.5 ≥125 V
<125 V
6.8*P0.27
5.9*P0.27
≤2.5 ≥125 V
<125 V
5.7*P0.27
5.0*P0.27
40-205 Modified Spectrum >2.5 ≥125 V
<125 V
5.8*P0.27
5.0*P0.27
≤2.5 ≥125 V
<125 V
4.9*P0.27
4.2*P0.27

Note 1: P is equal to the rated lamp wattage, in watts.

Note 2: Standard Spectrum means any incandescent reflector lamp that does not meet the definition of modified spectrum in 430.2.

(7)

(i)

(A) Subject to the exclusions in paragraph (n)(7)(ii) of this section, the standards specified in this section shall apply to ER incandescent reflector lamps, BR incandescent reflector lamps, BPAR incandescent reflector lamps, and similar bulb shapes on and after January 1, 2008.

(B) Subject to the exclusions in paragraph (n)(7)(ii) of this section, the standards specified in this section shall apply to incandescent reflector lamps with a diameter of more than 2.25 inches, but not more than 2.75 inches, on and after June 15, 2008.

(ii) The standards specified in this section shall not apply to the following types of incandescent reflector lamps:

(A) Lamps rated at 50 watts or less that are ER30, BR30, BR40, or ER40 lamps;

(B) Lamps rated at 65 watts that are BR30, BR40, or ER40 lamps; or

(C) R20 incandescent reflector lamps rated 45 watts or less.

(o) Faucets. The maximum water use allowed for any of the following faucets manufactured after January 1, 1994, when measured at a flowing water pressure of 60 pounds per square inch (414 kilopascals), shall be as follows:

Faucet type Maximum flow rate
(gpm (L/min)) or (gal/cycle (L/cycle))
Lavatory faucets 2.2 gpm (8.3 L/min) 1 2
Lavatory replacement aerators 2.2 gpm (8.3 L/min)
Kitchen faucets 2.2 gpm (8.3 L/min)
Kitchen replacement aerators 2.2 gpm (8.3 L/min)
Metering faucets 0.25 gal/cycle (0.95 L/cycle) 3 4

Note:

1 Sprayheads with independently-controlled orifices and manual controls.

The maximum flow rate of each orifice that manually turns on or off shall not exceed the maximum flow rate for a lavatory faucet.

2 Sprayheads with collectively controlled orifices and manual controls.

The maximum flow rate of a sprayhead that manually turns on or off shall be the product of (a) the maximum flow rate for a lavatory faucet and (b) the number of component lavatories (rim space of the lavatory in inches (millimeters) divided by 20 inches (508 millimeters)).

3 Sprayheads with independently controlled orifices and metered controls.

The maximum flow rate of each orifice that delivers a pre-set volume of water before gradually shutting itself off shall not exceed the maximum flow rate for a metering faucet.

4 Sprayheads with collectively-controlled orifices and metered controls.

The maximum flow rate of a sprayhead that delivers a pre-set volume of water before gradually shutting itself off shall be the product of (a) the maximum flow rate for a metering faucet and (b) the number of component lavatories (rim space of the lavatory in inches (millimeters) divided by 20 inches (508 millimeters)).

(p) Showerheads. The maximum water use allowed for any showerheads manufactured after January 1, 1994, shall be 2.5 gallons per minute (9.5 liters per minute) when measured at a flowing pressure of 80 pounds per square inch gage (552 kilopascals). When used as a component of any such showerhead, the flow-restricting insert shall be mechanically retained at the point of manufacture such that a force of 8.0 pounds force (36 Newtons) or more is required to remove the flow-restricting insert, except that this requirement shall not apply to showerheads for which removal of the flow-restricting insert would cause water to leak significantly from areas other than the spray face.

(q) Water closets.

(1) The maximum water use allowed in gallons per flush for any of the following water closets manufactured after January 1, 1994, shall be as follows:

Water closet type Maximum flush rate
(gpf (Lpf))
Gravity tank-type toilets 1.6 (6.0)
Flushometer tank toilets 1.6 (6.0)
Electromechanical hydraulic toilets 1.6 (6.0)
Blowout toilets 3.5 (13.2)

(2) The maximum water use allowed for flushometer valve toilets, other than blowout toilets, manufactured after January 1, 1997, shall be 1.6 gallons per flush (6.0 liters per flush).

(r) Urinals. The maximum water use allowed for any urinals manufactured after January 1, 1994, shall be 1.0 gallons per flush (3.8 liters per flush). The maximum water use allowed for a trough-type urinal shall be the product of:

(1) The maximum flow rate for a urinal and

(2) The length of the trough-type urinal in inches (millimeter) divided by 16 inches (406 millimeters).

(s) Ceiling fans and ceiling fan light kits.

(1) All ceiling fans manufactured on or after January 1, 2007, shall have the following features:

(i) Fan speed controls separate from any lighting controls;

(ii) Adjustable speed controls (either more than 1 speed or variable speed);

(iii) The capability of reversible fan action, except for -

(A) Fans sold for industrial applications;

(B) Fans sold for outdoor applications; and

(C) Cases in which safety standards would be violated by the use of the reversible mode.

(2) Ceiling fan light kits manufactured on or after January 1, 2007, and prior to January 7, 2019, with medium screw base sockets must be packaged with medium screw base lamps to fill all sockets. These medium screw base lamps must -

(i) Be compact fluorescent lamps that meet or exceed the following requirements or be as described in paragraph (s)(2)(ii) of this section:

Factor Requirements
Rated Wattage (Watts) & Configuration 1 Minimum Initial Lamp Efficacy (lumens per watt) 2
Bare Lamp:
Lamp Power <15 45.0
Lamp Power ≥15 60.0
Covered Lamp (no reflector):
Lamp Power <15 40.0
15≤Lamp Power <19 48.0
19≤Lamp Power <25 50.0
Lamp Power ≥25 55.0
With Reflector:
Lamp Power <20 33.0
Lamp Power ≥20 40.0
Lumen Maintenance at 1,000 hours ≥ 90.0%
Lumen Maintenance at 40 Percent of Lifetime ≥ 80.0%
Rapid Cycle Stress Test Each lamp must be cycled once for every 2 hours of lifetime. At least 5 lamps must meet or exceed the minimum number of cycles.
Lifetime ≥ 6,000 hours for the sample of lamps.

1 Use rated wattage to determine the appropriate minimum efficacy requirements in this table.

2 Calculate efficacy using measured wattage, rather than rated wattage, and measured lumens to determine product compliance. Wattage and lumen values indicated on products or packaging may not be used in calculation.

(ii) Be light sources other than compact fluorescent lamps that have lumens per watt performance at least equivalent to comparably configured compact fluorescent lamps meeting the energy conservation standards in paragraph (s)(2)(i) of this section.

(3) Ceiling fan light kits manufactured on or after January 1, 2007, and prior January 7, 2019, with pin-based sockets for fluorescent lamps must use an electronic ballast and be packaged with lamps to fill all sockets. These lamp ballast platforms must meet the following requirements:

Factor Requirement
System Efficacy Per Lamp Ballast Platform in Lumens Per Watt (lm/w) ≥ 50 lm/w for all lamps below 30 total listed lamp watts.
≥ 60 lm/w for all lamps that are ≤ 24 inches and
≥ 30 total listed lamp watts.
≥ 70 lm/w for all lamps that are > 24 inches and
≥ 30 total listed lamp watts.

(4) Ceiling fan light kits manufactured on or after January 1, 2009, and prior to January 7, 2019, with socket types other than those covered in paragraphs (s)(2) or (3) of this section, including candelabra screw base sockets, must be packaged with lamps to fill all sockets and must not be capable of operating with lamps that total more than 190 watts.

(5) Ceiling fan light kits manufactured on or after January 7, 2019 must be packaged with lamps to fill all sockets, and each basic model of lamp packaged with the basic model of CFLK and each basic model of integrated SSL in the CFLK basic model shall meet the requirements shown in the table:

Lumens 1 Minimum required efficacy
(lm/W)
<120 50
≥120 (74.0−29.42 × 0.9983 lumens)

1 Use the lumen output for each basic model of lamp packaged with the basic model of CFLK or each basic model of integrated SSL in the CFLK basic model to determine the applicable standard.

(i) Ceiling fan light kits with medium screw base sockets manufactured on or after January 7, 2019 and packaged with compact fluorescent lamps must include lamps that also meet the following requirements:

Lumen Maintenance at 1,000 hours ≥90.0%.
Lumen Maintenance at 40 Percent of Lifetime ≥80.0%.
Rapid Cycle Stress Test Each lamp must be cycled once for every 2 hours of lifetime of compact fluorescent lamp as defined in § 430.2. At least 5 lamps must meet or exceed the minimum number of cycles.
Lifetime ≥6,000 hours for the sample of lamps.

(ii) Ceiling fan light kits with pin based sockets for fluorescent lamps, manufactured on or after January 7, 2019, must also use an electronic ballast.

(t) Torchieres. A torchiere manufactured on or after January 1, 2006 shall:

(1) Consume not more than 190 watts of power; and

(2) Not be capable of operating with lamps that total more than 190 watts.

(u) Medium Base Compact Fluorescent Lamps. A bare lamp and covered lamp (no reflector) medium base compact fluorescent lamp manufactured on or after January 1, 2006, shall meet the following requirements:

Factor Requirements
Lamp Power (Watts) & Configuration 1 Minimum Efficacy: lumens/watt(Based upon initial lumen data). 2
Bare Lamp:
Lamp Power <15 45.0.
Lamp Power ≥15 60.0.
Covered Lamp (no reflector):
Lamp Power <15 40.0.
15≥Lamp Power <19 48.0.
19≥Lamp Power <25 50.0
Lamp Power ≥25 55.0.
1,000-hour Lumen Maintenance The average of at least 5 lamps must be a minimum 90.0% of initial (100-hour) lumen output @ 1,000 hours of rated life.
Lumen Maintenance 80.0% of initial (100-hour) rating at 40 percent of rated life (per ANSI C78.5 Clause 4.10).
Rapid Cycle Stress Test Per ANSI C78.5 and IESNA LM-65 (clauses 2,3,5, and 6).
Exception: Cycle times must be 5 minutes on, 5 minutes off. Lamp will be cycled once for every two hours of rated life. At least 5 lamps must meet or exceed the minimum number of cycles.
Average Rated Lamp Life ≥6,000 hours as declared by the manufacturer on packaging. At 80% of rated life, statistical methods may be used to confirm lifetime claims based on sampling performance.

1 Take performance and electrical requirements at the end of the 100-hour aging period according to ANSI Standard C78.5. The lamp efficacy shall be the average of the lesser of the lumens per watt measured in the base up and/or other specified positions. Use wattages place on packaging to select proper specification efficacy in this table, not measured wattage. Labeled wattages are for reference only.

2 Efficacies are based on measured values for lumens and wattages from pertinent test data. Wattages and lumens placed on packages may not be used in calculation and are not governed by this specification. For multi-level or dimmable systems, measurements shall be at the highest setting. Acceptable measurement error is ±3%.

(v) Dehumidifiers.

(1) Dehumidifiers manufactured on or after October 1, 2007, shall have an energy factor that meets or exceeds the following values:

Product capacity
(pints/day)
Minimum energy factor
(liters/kWh)
25.00 or less 1.00
25.01-35.00 1.20
35.01-54.00 1.30
54.01-74.99 1.50
75.00 or more 2.25

(2) Dehumidifiers manufactured on or after October 1, 2012, shall have an energy factor that meets or exceeds the following values:

Product capacity (pints/day) Minimum energy factor (liters/kWh)
Up to 35.00 1.35
35.01-45.00 1.50
45.01-54.00 1.60
54.01-75.00 1.70
75.01 or more 2.5

(w) External power supplies. (1)(i) Except as provided in paragraphs (w)(2) and (5) of this section, all Class A external power supplies manufactured on or after July 1, 2008, shall meet the following standards:

Active Mode
Nameplate output Required efficiency (decimal equivalent of a percentage)
Less than 1 watt 0.5 times the Nameplate output.
From 1 watt to not more than 51 watts The sum of 0.09 times the Natural Logarithm of the Nameplate Output and 0.5.
Greater than 51 watts 0.85.
Not more than 250 watts 0.5 watts.

(ii) Except as provided in paragraphs (w)(5), (w)(6), and (w)(7) of this section, all direct operation external power supplies manufactured on or after February 10, 2016, shall meet the following standards:

(iii) Except as provided in paragraphs (w)(5), (w)(6), and (w)(7) of this section, all external power supplies manufactured on or after February 10, 2016, shall meet the following standards:

Class A EPS Non-Class A EPS
Direct Operation EPS Level VI: 10 CFR 430.32(w)(1)(ii) Level VI: 10 CFR 430.32(w)(1)(ii) .
Indirect Operation EPS Level IV: 10 CFR 430.32(w)(1)(i) No Standards.

(2) A Class A external power supply shall not be subject to the standards in paragraph (w)(1)(i) of this section if the Class A external power supply is -

(i) Manufactured during the period beginning on July 1, 2008, and ending on June 30, 2015, and

(ii) Made available by the manufacturer as a service part or a spare part for an end-use product -

(A) That constitutes the primary load; and

(B) Was manufactured before July 1, 2008.

(3) The standards described in paragraph (w)(1) of this section shall not constitute an energy conservation standard for the separate end-use product to which the external power supply is connected.

(4) Any external power supply subject to the standards in paragraph (w)(1) of this section shall be clearly and permanently marked in accordance with the International Efficiency Marking Protocol for External Power Supplies (incorporated by reference; see § 430.3), published by the U.S. Department of Energy.

(5) Non-application of no-load mode requirements. The no-load mode energy efficiency standards established in paragraph (w)(1) of this section shall not apply to an external power supply manufactured before July 1, 2017, that -

(i) Is an AC-to-AC external power supply;

(ii) Has a nameplate output of 20 watts or more;

(iii) Is certified to the Secretary as being designed to be connected to a security or life safety alarm or surveillance system component; and

(iv) On establishment within the External Power Supply International Efficiency Marking Protocol, as referenced in the “Energy Star Program Requirements for Single Voltage External Ac-Dc and Ac-Ac Power Supplies” (incorporated by reference, see § 430.3), published by the Environmental Protection Agency, of a distinguishing mark for products described in this clause, is permanently marked with the distinguishing mark.

(6) An external power supply shall not be subject to the standards in paragraph (w)(1) of this section if it is a device that requires Federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) listing and approval as a medical device in accordance with section 513 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360(c)).

(7) A direct operation, AC-DC external power supply with nameplate output voltage less than 3 volts and nameplate output current greater than or equal to 1,000 milliamps that charges the battery of a product that is fully or primarily motor operated shall not be subject to the standards in paragraph (w)(1)(ii) of this section.

(x) General service incandescent lamps, intermediate base incandescent lamps and candelabra base incandescent lamps.

(1) The energy conservation standards in this paragraph apply to general service incandescent lamps:

(i) Intended for a general service or general illumination application (whether incandescent or not);

(ii) Has a medium screw base or any other screw base not defined in ANSI C81.61 (incorporated by reference; see § 430.3); and

(iii) Is capable of being operated at a voltage at least partially within the range of 110 to 130 volts.

(A) General service incandescent lamps manufactured after the effective dates specified in the tables below, except as described in paragraph (x)(1)(B) of this section, shall have a color rendering index greater than or equal to 80 and shall have rated wattage no greater than and rated lifetime no less than the values shown in the table below:

General Service Incandescent Lamps

Rated lumen ranges Maximum rate wattage Minimum rate life-time Effective date
1490-2600 72 1,000 hrs 1/1/2012
1050-1489 53 1,000 hrs 1/1/2013
750-1049 43 1,000 hrs 1/1/2014
310-749 29 1,000 hrs 1/1/2014

(B) Modified spectrum general service incandescent lamps manufactured after the effective dates specified shall have a color rendering index greater than or equal to 75 and shall have a rated wattage no greater than and rated lifetime no less than the values shown in the table below:

Modified Spectrum General Service Incandescent Lamps

Rated lumen ranges Maximum rate wattage Minimum rate life-time Effective date
1118-1950 72 1,000 hrs 1/1/2012
788-1117 53 1,000 hrs 1/1/2013
563-787 43 1,000 hrs 1/1/2014
232-562 29 1,000 hrs 1/1/2014

(2) Each candelabra base incandescent lamp shall not exceed 60 rated watts.

(3) Each intermediate base incandescent lamp shall not exceed 40 rated watts.

(y) Residential furnace fans. Residential furnace fans incorporated in the products listed in Table 1 of this paragraph and manufactured on and after July 3, 2019, shall have a fan energy rating (FER) value that meets or is less than the following values:

Table 1 - Energy Conservation Standards for Covered Residential Furnace Fans*

Product class FER ** (Watts/cfm)
Non-Weatherized, Non-Condensing Gas Furnace Fan (NWG-NC) FER = 0.044 × QMax 182
Non-Weatherized, Condensing Gas Furnace Fan (NWG-C) FER = 0.044 × QMax 195
Weatherized Non-Condensing Gas Furnace Fan (WG-NC) FER = 0.044 × QMax 199
Non-Weatherized, Non-Condensing Oil Furnace Fan (NWO-NC) FER = 0.071 × QMax 382
Non-Weatherized Electric Furnace/Modular Blower Fan (NWEF/NWMB) FER = 0.044 × QMax 165
Mobile Home Non-Weatherized, Non-Condensing Gas Furnace Fan (MH-NWG-NC) FER = 0.071 × QMax 222
Mobile Home Non-Weatherized, Condensing Gas Furnace Fan (MH-NWG-C) FER = 0.071 × QMax 240
Mobile Home Electric Furnace/Modular Blower Fan (MH-EF/MB) FER = 0.044 × QMax 101
Mobile Home Non-Weatherized Oil Furnace Fan (MH-NWO) Reserved
Mobile Home Weatherized Gas Furnace Fan (MH-WG) ** Reserved

* Furnace fans incorporated into hydronic air handlers, SDHV modular blowers, SDHV electric furnaces, and CAC/HP indoor units are not subject to the standards listed in this table.

** QMax is the airflow, in cfm, at the maximum airflow-control setting measured using the final DOE test procedure at 10 CFR part 430, subpart B, appendix AA.

[54 FR 6077, Feb. 7, 1989]
Editorial Note:
For Federal Register citations affecting § 430.32, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at www.fdsys.gov.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code

Title 10 published on 2015-01-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 10 CFR Part 430 after this date.

  • 2015-11-27; vol. 80 # 228 - Friday, November 27, 2015
    1. 80 FR 74020 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Portable Air Conditioners
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, 10 CFR Parts 429 and 430
      Supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking.
      DOE will accept comments, data, and information regarding this SNOPR, submitted no later than December 28, 2015. See section V, “Public Participation,” for details.
      10 CFR Part 429

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