12 CFR Appendix A to Part 25 - Small Bank, Intermediate Bank, Wholesale Bank, and Limited Purpose Bank Ratings

Appendix A to Part 25 - Small Bank, Intermediate Bank, Wholesale Bank, and Limited Purpose Bank Ratings

(a) Ratings in general - (1) In assigning a rating, the OCC evaluates a small bank's, intermediate bank's, wholesale bank's, or limited purpose bank's performance under the applicable performance criteria in § 25.14 and § 25.15, adjusting for performance context in § 25.16 and consideration of any evidence of discriminatory and illegal credit practices as described in § 25.17. This includes consideration of low-cost education loans provided to low-income borrowers and activities in cooperation with minority depository institutions, women's depository institutions, and low-income credit unions.

(2) A bank's performance need not fit each aspect of a particular rating profile in order to receive that rating, and exceptionally strong performance with respect to some aspects may compensate for weak performance in others. The bank's overall performance, however, must be consistent with safe and sound banking practices and generally with the appropriate rating profile as follows.

(b) Banks evaluated under the small bank and intermediate bank performance standards -

(1) Lending test ratings -

(i) Eligibility for a satisfactory lending test rating. The OCC rates a small bank's or intermediate bank's lending performance “satisfactory” if, in general, the bank demonstrates:

(A) A reasonable loan-to-deposit ratio (considering seasonal variations) given the bank's size, financial condition, the credit needs of its assessment area(s), and taking into account, as appropriate, other retail and community development lending-related activities such as loan originations for sale to the secondary markets and community development loans and community development investments;

(B) A majority of its loans and, as appropriate, other retail and community development lending-related activities, are in its assessment area;

(C) A distribution of loans to and, as appropriate, other retail and community development lending-related activities for individuals of different income levels (including low- and moderate-income individuals) and businesses and farms of different sizes that is reasonable given the demographics of the bank's assessment area(s);

(D) A record of taking appropriate action, when warranted, in response to written complaints, if any, about the bank's performance in helping to meet the credit needs of its assessment area(s); and

(E) A reasonable geographic distribution of loans given the bank's assessment area(s).

(ii) Eligibility for an “outstanding” lending test rating. A small bank or intermediate bank that meets each of the standards for a “satisfactory” rating under this paragraph and exceeds some or all of those standards may warrant consideration for a lending test rating of “outstanding.”

(iii) Needs to improve or substantial noncompliance ratings. A small bank or intermediate bank may also receive a lending test rating of “needs to improve” or “substantial noncompliance” depending on the degree to which its performance has failed to meet the standard for a “satisfactory” rating.

(2) Community development test ratings for intermediate banks -

(i) Eligibility for a satisfactory community development test rating. The OCC rates an intermediate bank's community development performance “satisfactory” if the bank demonstrates adequate responsiveness to the community development needs of its assessment area(s) through community development loans, community development investments, and community development services. The adequacy of the bank's response will depend on its capacity for such community development activities, its assessment area's need for such community development activities, and the availability of such opportunities for community development in the bank's assessment area(s).

(ii) Eligibility for an outstanding community development test rating. The OCC rates an intermediate bank's community development performance “outstanding” if the bank demonstrates excellent responsiveness to community development needs in its assessment area(s) through community development loans, community development investments, and community development services, as appropriate, considering the bank's capacity and the need and availability of such opportunities for community development in the bank's assessment area(s).

(iii) Needs to improve or substantial noncompliance ratings. An intermediate bank may also receive a community development test rating of “needs to improve” or “substantial noncompliance” depending on the degree to which its performance has failed to meet the standards for a “satisfactory” rating.

(3) Bank rating -

(i) Eligibility for a satisfactory rating. No intermediate bank may receive an assigned rating of “satisfactory” unless it receives a rating of at least “satisfactory” on both the lending test and the community development test.

(ii) Eligibility for an outstanding rating - (A) An intermediate bank that receives an “outstanding” rating on one test and at least a “satisfactory” on the other test may receive rating of “outstanding.”

(B) A small bank that meets each of the standards for a “satisfactory” rating under the lending test and exceeds some or all of those standards may warrant consideration for an assigned rating of “outstanding.” In assessing whether a bank's performance is “outstanding,” the OCC considers the extent to which the bank exceeds each of the performance standards for a “satisfactory” rating and its performance in making community development investments and its performance in providing branches and other services and delivery systems that enhance credit availability in its assessment area(s).

(iii) Needs to improve or substantial noncompliance overall ratings. A small bank or intermediate bank may also receive a rating of “needs to improve” or “substantial noncompliance” assigned rating depending on the degree to which its performance has failed to meet the standards for a “satisfactory” rating.

(c) Banks evaluated under the wholesale and limited purpose bank performance standards. The OCC assigns each wholesale or limited purpose bank's performance one of the four following ratings.

(1) Outstanding. The OCC rates a wholesale or limited purpose bank's performance “outstanding” if, in general, it demonstrates:

(i) A high level of community development loans, community development services, or community development investments, particularly investments that are not routinely provided by private investors;

(ii) Extensive use of innovative or complex community development loans, community development investments, or community development services; and

(iii) Excellent responsiveness to credit and community development needs in its assessment area(s).

(2) Satisfactory. The OCC rates a wholesale or limited purpose bank's performance “satisfactory” if, in general, it demonstrates:

(i) An adequate level of community development loans, community development services, or community development investments, particularly investments that are not routinely provided by private investors;

(ii) Occasional use of innovative or complex community development loans, community development investments, or community development services; and

(iii) Adequate responsiveness to credit and community development needs in its assessment area(s).

(3) Needs to improve. The OCC rates a wholesale or limited purpose bank's performance as “needs to improve” if, in general, it demonstrates:

(i) A poor level of community development loans, community development services, or community development investments, particularly investments that are not routinely provided by private investors;

(ii) Rare use of innovative or complex community development loans, community development investments, or community development services; and

(iii) Poor responsiveness to credit and community development needs in its assessment area(s).

(4) Substantial noncompliance. The OCC rates a wholesale or limited purpose bank's performance in “substantial noncompliance” if, in general, it demonstrates:

(i) Few, if any, community development loans, community development services, or community development investments, particularly investments that are not routinely provided by private investors;

(ii) No use of innovative or complex qualified community development loans, community development investments, or community development services; and

(iii) Very poor responsiveness to credit and community development needs in its assessment area(s).

[85 FR 34808, June 5, 2020]