14 CFR § 431.45 - Mishap investigation plan and emergency response plan.
(a) Mishap investigation plan and emergency response plan. An applicant shall submit a mishap investigation plan (MIP) containing the applicant's procedures for reporting and responding to launch and reentry accidents, launch and reentry incidents, or other mishaps, as defined in § 401.5 of this chapter, that occur during the conduct of an RLV mission. An acceptable MIP satisfies the requirements of paragraphs (b)-(d) of this section. An applicant shall also submit an emergency response plan (ERP) that contains procedures for informing the affected public of a planned RLV mission. An acceptable ERP satisfies the requirements of paragraph (e) of this section. The MIP and ERP shall be signed by an individual authorized to sign and certify the application in accordance with § 413.7(c) of this chapter, the person responsible for the conduct of all licensed RLV mission activities designated under § 431.33(b) of this subpart, and the safety official designated under § 431.33(c) of this subpart.
(b) Report requirements. A MIP shall provide for -
(1) Immediate notification to the FAA Washington Operations Center in case of a launch or reentry accident, launch or reentry incident, or a mishap that involves a fatality or serious injury (as defined in 49 CFR 830.2);
(2) Notification within 24 hours to the Associate Administrator for Commercial Space Transportation in the event of a mishap that does not involve a fatality or serious injury, as defined in 49 CFR 830.2; and
(3) Submission of a written preliminary report to the FAA Associate Administrator for Commercial Space Transportation in the event of a launch accident or launch incident occurring in the conduct of an RLV mission, or reentry accident or reentry incident, occurring in the conduct of an RLV mission, within 5 days of the event. The report shall identify the event as either a launch or reentry accident or incident and must include the following information:
(i) Date and time of occurrence;
(ii) Description of the event and sequence of events leading to the accident or incident, to the extent known;
(iii) Intended and actual location of launch and reentry or other landing on Earth;
(iv) Identification of the vehicle;
(v) Identification of the payload, if applicable;
(vi) Number and general description of any fatalities and injuries;
(vii) Property damage, if any, and an estimate of its value;
(ix) Action taken by any person to contain the consequences of the event;
(x) Weather conditions at the time of the event; and
(xi) Potential consequences for other vehicles or systems of similar type and proposed operations.
(c) Response plan. A MIP must contain procedures to -
(2) Ensure data and physical evidence are preserved;
(3) Require the licensee to report and to cooperate with FAA and the National Transportation Safety Board investigations and designate one or more points of contact for the FAA or NTSB; and;
(4) Require the licensee to identify and adopt preventive measures for avoiding recurrence of the event.
(d) Investigation plan. A MIP shall contain -
(1) Procedures for investigating the cause of an event described in paragraph (c)(1) of this section;
(2) Procedures for reporting investigation results to the FAA;
(3) Delineated responsibilities, including reporting responsibilities, for personnel assigned to conduct investigations and for any unrelated entities retained by the licensee to conduct or participate in investigations.
(e) Emergency response plan. An ERP shall provide for -
(1) Notification to local officials in the event of an off-site or unplanned landing so that vehicle recovery can be conducted safely and effectively and with minimal risk to public safety. The plan must provide for the quick dissemination of up to date information to the public, and for doing so in advance of reentry or other landing on Earth to the extent practicable; and
(2) A public information dissemination plan for informing the potentially affected public, in laymen's terms and in advance of a planned reentry, of the estimated date, time and landing location for the reentry activity.