20 CFR § 367.2 - Past-due legally enforceable debt.
A past-due legally enforceable debt which may be referred to another governmental agency for administrative offset is a debt:
(a) Which arose under any statute administered by the Board or under any contract; and with respect to debts referred to the Department of Treasury, is a nontax debt;
(b) Which is an obligation of a debtor who is a natural person or a business;
(c) Which, except in the case of a judgment debt, has been delinquent at least three months but not more than ten years at the time the offset is made;
(d) Which is at least $25.00;
(e) With respect to which the rights described in part 260 or 320 of this chapter or the applicable law regarding reconsideration, waiver, and appeal, if applicable, have been exhausted;
(f) With respect to which:
(2) The Board can clearly establish at the time of the referral that the automatic stay under section 362 of the Bankruptcy Code has been lifted or is no longer in effect with respect to the debtor (or, if an individual, his or her spouse) and the debt was not discharged in the bankruptcy proceeding; or
(3) The Board's records do not contain evidence that foreclosure is pending on collateral securing the debt.
(g) Which cannot currently be collected pursuant to the salary offset provisions of 5 U.S.C. 5514(a)(1);
(i) With respect to which the Board has notified, or has made a reasonable attempt to notify, the debtor that the debt is past due, and that unless the debtor repays the debt within 60 days, the debt will be referred to any other agency of the United States government for offset against any money owed the debtor by that agency; and
(j) With respect to which the Board has given the debtor at least 60 days from the date of the notification required in paragraph (i) of this section to present evidence that all or part of the debt is not past due or legally enforceable, has considered evidence, if any, presented by the debtor, and has determined that the amount of such debt is past due and legally enforceable; and
(k) Which has not been referred to the Department of Justice or which is not otherwise in litigation with the Board.