As used in this part:
means a Bureau of Indian Affairs
Assistant Secretary means the Assistant Secretary—Indian Affairs, or that officer's authorized representative.
means the exercise of political influence or authority
independent of the control of any other Indian governing entity. Autonomous
must be understood in the context of the history, geography, culture and social organization of the petitioning group.
means the Interior Board
of Indian Appeals.
Bureau means the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Community means any group of people which can demonstrate that consistent interactions and significant social relationships exist within its membership and that its members are differentiated from and identified as distinct from nonmembers. Community must be understood in the context of the history, geography, culture and social organization of the group.
Continental United States means the contiguous 48 states and Alaska.
means extending from first sustained contact
with non-Indians throughout the group's history to the present substantially without interruption.
Department means the Department of the Interior.
means the detailed arguments made by a petitioner
to substantiate its claim to continuous existence as an Indian tribe
, together with the factual exposition and all documentary evidence necessary to demonstrate that these arguments address the mandatory criteria in § 83.7(a)
means dating from first sustained contact
means any person or organization, other than an interested party
, who requests an opportunity to submit comments or evidence or to be kept informed of general actions regarding a specific petitioner
means any person, organization or other entity who can establish a legal, factual or property interest in an acknowledgment determination and who requests an opportunity to submit comments or evidence or to be kept informed of general actions regarding a specific petitioner
. “Interested party” includes the governor and attorney general of the state in which a petitioner
is located, and may include, but is not limited to, local governmental units, and any recognized Indian tribes and unrecognized Indian groups that might be affected by an acknowledgment determination.
Member of an Indian group
means an individual who is recognized by an Indian group
as meeting its membership criteria and who consents to being listed as a member of that group.
Member of an Indian tribe
means an individual who meets the membership requirements of the tribe as set forth in its governing document or, absent such a document, has been recognized as a member collectively by those persons comprising the tribal governing body, and has consistently maintained tribal relations
with the tribe or is listed on the tribal rolls of that tribe as a member, if such rolls are kept.
Political influence or authority means a tribal council, leadership, internal process or other mechanism which the group has used as a means of influencing or controlling the behavior of its members in significant respects, and/or making decisions for the group which substantially affect its members, and/or representing the group in dealing with outsiders in matters of consequence. This process is to be understood in the context of the history, culture and social organization of the group.
Previous Federal acknowledgment means action by the Federal government clearly premised on identification of a tribal political entity and indicating clearly the recognition of a relationship between that entity and the United States.
means the Secretary
of the Interior or that officer's authorized representative.
means the period of earliest sustained non-Indian settlement and/or governmental presence in the local area in which the historical tribe or tribes from which the petitioner
descends was located historically.
means participation by an individual in a political and social relationship with an Indian tribe
for purposes of these regulations, means a list exclusively of those individuals who have been determined by the tribe to meet the tribe's membership requirements as set forth in its governing document. In the absence of such a document, a tribal roll
means a list of those recognized as members by the tribe's governing body. In either case, those individuals on a tribal roll
must have affirmatively demonstrated consent to being listed as members.