40 CFR § 170.405 - Entry restrictions associated with pesticide applications.

§ 170.405 Entry restrictions associated with pesticide applications.

(a) Outdoor production pesticide applications.

(1) The application exclusion zone is defined as follows:

(i) The application exclusion zone is the area that extends 100 feet horizontally from the point(s) of pesticide discharge from the application equipment in all directions during application when the pesticide is applied by any of the following methods:

(A) Aerially.

(B) Air blast or air-propelled applications.

(C) As a fumigant, smoke, mist, or fog.

(ii) The application exclusion zone is the area that extends 25 feet horizontally from the point(s) of pesticide discharge from the application equipment in all directions during application when the pesticide is sprayed from a height of greater than 12 inches from the soil surface or planting medium and not as in paragraph (a)(1)(i) of this section.

(iii) There is no application exclusion zone when the pesticide is applied in a manner other than those covered in paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (a)(1)(ii) of this section.

(2) During any outdoor production pesticide application, the agricultural employer must not allow or direct any worker or other person to enter or to remain in the treated area or an application exclusion zone that is within the boundaries of the establishment until the application is complete, except for:

(i) Appropriately trained and equipped handlers involved in the application, and

(ii) Persons not employed by the establishment in an area subject to an easement that prevents the agricultural employer from temporarily excluding those persons from that area.

(iii) Owners of the agricultural establishment and their immediate family members who remain inside closed buildings, housing, or shelters on the establishment under the conditions specified in § 170.601(a)(1)(vi).

(3) After the application is complete, the area subject to the labeling-specified restricted-entry interval and the post-application entry restrictions specified in § 170.407 is the treated area.

(b) Enclosed space production pesticide applications.

(1) During any enclosed space production pesticide application described in column A of the Table under paragraph (b)(4) of this section, the agricultural employer must not allow or direct any worker or other person, other than an appropriately trained and equipped handler involved in the application, to enter or to remain in the area specified in column B of the Table under paragraph (b)(4) of this section during the application and until the time specified in column C of the Table under paragraph (b)(4) of this section has expired.

(2) After the time specified in column C of the Table under paragraph (b)(4) of this section has expired, the area subject to the labeling-specified restricted-entry interval and the post-application entry restrictions specified in § 170.407 is the area specified in column D of the Table under paragraph (b)(4) of this section.

(3) When column C of the Table under paragraph (b)(4) of this section specifies that ventilation criteria must be met, ventilation must continue until the air concentration is measured to be equal to or less than the inhalation exposure level required by the labeling. If no inhalation exposure level is listed on the labeling, ventilation must continue until after one of the following conditions is met:

(i) Ten air exchanges are completed.

(ii) Two hours of ventilation using fans or other mechanical ventilating systems.

(iii) Four hours of ventilation using vents, windows, or other passive ventilation.

(iv) Eleven hours with no ventilation followed by one hour of mechanical ventilation.

(v) Eleven hours with no ventilation followed by two hours of passive ventilation.

(vi) Twenty-four hours with no ventilation.

(4) The following Table applies to paragraphs (b)(1), (2), and (3) of this section.

Table - Entry Restrictions During Enclosed Space Production Pesticide Applications

A. When a pesticide is applied: B. Workers and other persons, other than appropriately trained and equipped handlers, are
prohibited in:
C. Until: D. After the expiration of time specified in column C, the area subject to the restricted-entry
interval is:
(1) As a fumigant Entire enclosed space plus any adjacent structure or area that cannot be sealed off from the treated area The ventilation criteria of paragraph (b)(3) of this section are met No post-application entry restrictions required by § 170.407 after criteria in column C are met.
(2) As a
(i) Smoke, or
(ii) Mist, or
(iii) Fog, or
(iv) As a spray using a spray quality (droplet spectrum) of smaller than medium (volume median diameter of less than 294 microns)
Entire enclosed space The ventilation criteria of paragraph (b)(3) of this section are met Entire enclosed space.
(3) Not as in (1) or (2), and for which a respiratory protection device is required for application by the pesticide product labeling Entire enclosed space The ventilation criteria of paragraph (b)(3) of this section are met Treated area.
(4) Not as in (1), (2) or (3), and:
(i) From a height of greater than 12 inches from the planting medium, or
(ii) As a spray using a spray quality (droplet spectrum) of medium or larger (volume median diameter of 294 microns or greater)
Treated area plus 25 feet in all directions of the treated area, but not outside the enclosed space Application is complete Treated area.
(5) Otherwise Treated area Application is complete Treated area.
[80 FR 67562, Nov. 2, 2015, as amended at 85 FR 68781, Oct. 30, 2020]

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