40 CFR 60.536 - Permanent label, temporary label, and owner's manual.

§ 60.536 Permanent label, temporary label, and owner's manual.
(a)
(1) Each affected facility manufactured on or after July 1, 1988, or offered for sale at retail on or after July 1, 1990, shall have a permanent label affixed to it that meets the requirements of this section.
(2) Except for wood heaters subject to § 60.530 (e), (f), or (g), the permanent label shall contain the following information:
(i) Month and year of manufacture,
(ii) Model name or number, and
(iii) Serial number.
(3) The permanent label shall:
(i) Be affixed in a readily visible or accessible location,
(ii) Be at least 8.9 cm long and 5.1 cm wide (31/2 inches long and 2 inches wide).
(iii) Be made of a material expected to last the lifetime of the wood heater,
(iv) Present required information in a manner so that it is likely to remain legible for the lifetime of the wood heater, and
(v) Be affixed in such a manner that it cannot be removed from the appliance without damage to the label.
(4) The permanent label may be combined with any other label, as long as the required information is displayed, and the integrity of the permanent label is not compromised.
(b) If the wood heater belongs to a model line certified under § 60.533, and has not been found to exceed the applicable emission limits or tolerances through quality assurance testing, one of the following statements, as appropriate, shall appear on the permanent label:
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Certified to comply with July, 1988, particulate emission standards.
Not approved for sale after June 30, 1992.
or
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Certified to comply with July, 1990, particulate emission standards.
(c)
(1) If compliance is demonstrated under § 60.530(c), the following statement shall appear on the permanent label:
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Certified under 40 CFR 60.530(c). Not approved for sale after June 30, 1992.
(2) If compliance is demonstrated under § 60.533(h), one of the following statements, as appropriate, shall appear on the permanent label:
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Certified under 40 CFR 60.533(h) to comply with July, 1988 particulate emissions standards. Not approved for sale after June 30, 1992.
or
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Certified under 40 CFR 60.533(h), to comply with July, 1990 particulate emissions standards.
(d) Any label statement under paragraph (b) or (c) of this section constitutes a representation by the manufacturer as to any wood heater that bears it:
(1) That certification was in effect at the time the wood heater left the possession of the manufacturer,
(2) That the manufacturer was, at the time the label was affixed, conducting a quality assurance program in conformity with § 60.533(o),
(3) That as to any wood heater individually tested for emissions by the manufacturer under § 60.533(o)(3), that it met the applicable emissions limits, and
(4) That as to any wood heater individually inspected for tolerances under § 60.533(o)(2), that the wood heater is within applicable tolerances.
(e) If an affected facility is exempt from the emission limits in § 60.532 under the provisions of § 60.530(d), the following statement shall appear on the permanent label:
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Not certified. Approved for sale until June 30, 1991.
(f)
(1) If an affected facility is manufactured in the U.S. for export, the following statement shall appear on the permanent label:
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Export stove. May not be operated within the United States.
(2) If an affected facility is manufactured for use for research and development purposes as provided in § 60.530(f), the following statement shall appear on the permanent label:
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Not certified. Research Stove. Not approved for sale.
(3) If an appliance is a coal-only heater as defined in § 60.530, the following statement shall appear on the permanent label:
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
This heater is only for burning coal. Use of any other solid fuel except for coal ignition purposes is a violation of Federal law.
(g) Any affected facility that does not qualify for labeling under any of paragraphs (b) through (f) of this section shall bear one of the following labels:
(1) If the test conducted under § 60.533(n) indicates that the facility does not meet applicable emissions limits:
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Not certified. Does not meet EPA particulate emission standards. IT IS AGAINST THE LAW TO OPERATE THIS WOOD HEATER.
(2) If the test conducted under § 60.533(n) indicates that the facility does meet applicable emissions limits:
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Not certified. Meets EPA particulate emission standards.
(3) If the facility has not been tested as required by § 60.533(e):
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Not certified. Not tested. Not approved for sale. IT IS AGAINST THE LAW TO OPERATE THIS WOOD HEATER.
(h) For affected facilities equipped with catalytic combustors, the following statement shall appear on the permanent label:
This wood heater contains a catalytic combustor, which needs periodic inspection and replacement for proper operation. Consult owner's manual for further information. It is against the law to operate this wood heater in a manner inconsistent with operating instructions in the owner's manual, or if the catalytic element is deactivated or removed.
(i) An affected facility permanently labeled under paragraph (b) or (c) of this section shall have attached to it a temporary label that shall contain only the following:
(1) A statement indicating the compliance status of the model. The statement shall be one of the statements provided in appendix I, section 2.2.1. Instructions on the statement to select are provided in appendix I.
(2) A graphic presentation of the composite particulate matter emission rate as determined in the certification test, or as determined by the Administrator if the wood heater is certified under § 60.530(c). The method for presenting this information is provided in appendix I, section 2.2.2.
(3) A graphic presentation of the overall thermal efficiency of the model. The method for presenting this information is provided in appendix I, section 2.2.3. At the discretion of the manufacturer, either the actual measured efficiency of the model or its estimated efficiency may be used for purposes of this paragraph. The actual efficiency is the efficiency measured in tests conducted pursuant to § 60.534(d). The estimated efficiency shall be 72 percent if the model is catalyst-equipped and 63 percent if the model is not catalyst equipped, and 78 percent if the model is designed to burn wood pellets for fuel. Wood heaters certified under § 60.530(c) shall use these estimated efficiencies.
(4) A numerical expression of the heat output range of the unit, in British thermal units per hour (Btu/hr) rounded to the nearest 100 Btu/hr.
(i) If the manufacturer elects to report the overall efficiency of the model based on test results pursuant to paragraph (i)(3) of this section, he shall report the heat output range measured during the efficiency test. If an accessory device is used in the certification test to achieve any low burn rate criterion specified in this subpart, and if this accessory device is not sold as a part of the wood heater, the heat output range shall be determined using the formula in paragraph (i)(4)(ii) of this section based upon the lowest sustainable burn rate achieved without the accessory device.
(ii) If the manufacturer elects to use the estimated efficiency as provided in paragraph (i)(3) of this section, he shall estimate the heat output of the model as follows:
HOE = Hv × (Estimated overall efficiency/100) × BR
Where:
HOE = Estimated heat output in Btu/hr
Hv = Heating value of fuel, 19,140 Btu/kg (8,700 Btu/lb)
BR = Burn rate of dry test fuel per hour, kg (lb)
(5) Statements regarding the importance of operation and maintenance. (Instructions regarding which statements must be used are provided in appendix I, section 2.), and
(6) The manufacturer and the identification of the model.
(j)
(1) An affected facility permanently labeled under paragraph (e), (f)(3), or (g) of this section have attached to it a temporary label that shall contain only the information provided for in appendix I, section 2.3, 2.4, or 2.5, as applicable.
(2) The temporary label of an affected facility permently labeled under paragraph (b), (c), (e), (f)(3), or (g) of this section shall:
(i) Be affixed to a location on the wood heater that is readily seen and accessible when the wood heater is offered for sale to consumers by any commercial owner;
(ii) Not be combined with any other label or information;
(iii) Be attached to the wood heater in such a way that it can be easily removed by the consumer upon purchase, except that the label on wood heaters displayed by a commercial owner may have an adhesive backing or other means to preserve the label to prevent its removal or destruction;
(iv) Be printed on 90 pound bond paper in black ink with a white background except that those for models that are not otherwise exempted which do not meet the applicable emission limits, or have not been tested pursuant to this subpart, shall be on a red background as described in appendix I, section 2.5;
(v) Have dimensions of 12.7 centimeters by 17.8 centimeters (5 inches by 7 inches) as described in appendix I, section 2.1;
(vi) Have wording, presentation of the graphic data, and typography as presented in appendix I.
(k)
(1) Each affected facility offered for sale by a commercial owner must be accompanied by an owner's manual that shall contain the information listed in paragraph (k)(2) of this section (pertaining to installation), and paragraph (k)(3) of this section (pertaining to operation and maintenance) of this section. Such information shall be adequate to enable consumers to achieve optimal emissions performance. Such information shall be consistent with the operating instructions provided by the manufacturer to the laboratory for operating the wood heater during certification testing, except for details of the certification test that would not be relevant to the ultimate purchaser.
(2) Installation information: Requirements for achieving proper draft.
(3) Operation and maintenance information:
(i) Wood loading procedures, recommendations on wood selection, and warnings on what fuels not to use, such as treated wood, colored paper, cardboard, solvents, trash and garbage,
(ii) Fire starting procedures,
(iii) Proper use of air controls,
(iv) Ash removal procedures,
(v) Instructions on gasket replacement,
(vi) For catalytic models, information on the following pertaining to the catalytic combustor: Procedures for achieving and maintaining catalyst activity, maintenance procedures, procedures for determining deterioration or failure, procedures for replacement, and information on how to exercise warranty rights, and
(vii) For catalytic models, the following statement—
This wood heater contains a catalytic combustor, which needs periodic inspection and replacement for proper operation. It is against the law to operate this wood heater in a manner inconsistent with operating instructions in this manual, or if the catalytic element is deactivated or removed.
(4) Any manufacturer using EPA model language contained in appendix I to satisfy any requirement of this paragraph shall be in compliance with that requirement, provided that the particular model language is printed in full, with only such changes as are necessary to ensure accuracy for the particular model line.
(l) Wood heaters that are affected by this subpart, but that have been owned and operated by a noncommercial owner, are not subject to paragraphs (j) and (k) of this section when offered for resale.
[53 FR 5873, Feb. 26, 1988, as amended at 53 FR 12009, Apr. 12, 1988; 64 FR 7466, Feb. 12, 1999; 65 FR 61764, Oct. 17, 2000]
Beta! The text on the eCFR tab represents the unofficial eCFR text at ecfr.gov.
§ 60.536 What requirements must I meet for permanent labels, temporary labels (hangtags), and owner's manuals?

(a) General permanent label requirements.

(1) Each affected wood heater manufactured on or after the date the applicable standards come into effect as specified in § 60.532, must have a permanent label affixed to it that meets the requirements of this section.

(2) Except for wood heaters subject to § 60.530(b)(1) through (5), the permanent label must contain the following information:

(i) Month and year of manufacture of the individual unit;

(ii) Model name or number;

(iii) Certification test emission value, test method and standard met (e.g., 2015, 2020 crib wood, or 2020 cord wood); and

(iv) Serial number.

(3) The permanent label must:

(i) Be affixed in a readily visible or readily accessible location in such a manner that it can be easily viewed before and after the appliance is installed (an easily-removable facade may be used for aesthetic purposes, however the bottom of a free-standing heater is not considered to be readily visible or readily accessible);

(ii) Be at least 8.9 cm long and 5.1 cm wide (3 1/2 inches long and 2 inches wide);

(iii) Be made of a material expected to last the lifetime of the wood heater;

(iv) Present the required information in a manner so that it is likely to remain legible for the lifetime of the wood heater; and

(v) Be affixed in such a manner that it cannot be removed from the appliance without damage to the label.

(4) The permanent label may be combined with any other label, as long as the required information is displayed, the integrity of the permanent label is not compromised, and the permanent label meets the requirements in § 60.536(a)(3).

(5) Any label statement under paragraph (b) or (c) of this section constitutes a representation by the manufacturer as to any wood heater that bears it:

(i) That a certification of compliance was in effect at the time the wood heater left the possession of the manufacturer;

(ii) That the manufacturer was, at the time the label was affixed, conducting a quality assurance program in conformity with § 60.533(m); and

(iii) That all wood heaters individually tested for emissions by the manufacturer under its quality assurance program pursuant to § 60.533(m) met the applicable emissions limits.

(b) Permanent label requirements for adjustable burn rate wood heaters and pellet stoves. If an adjustable burn rate wood heater or pellet stove belongs to a model line certified under § 60.533, and no wood heater in the model line has been found to exceed the applicable emission limits or tolerances through quality assurance testing, one of the following statements, as appropriate, must appear on the permanent label:

“U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Certified to comply with 2015 particulate emission standards. Not approved for sale after May 15, 2020.” or
“U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Certified to comply with 2020 particulate emission standards using crib wood.” or
“U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Certified to comply with 2020 particulate emission standards using cord wood.”

(c) Permanent label requirements for single burn rate wood heaters. If the single burn rate wood heater belongs to a model line certified under § 60.533, and no heater in the model line has been found to exceed the applicable emission limits or tolerances through quality assurance testing, one of the following statements, as appropriate, must appear on the permanent label:

“U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Certified to comply with 2015 particulate emission standards for single burn rate heaters. Not approved for sale after May 15, 2020. This single burn rate wood heater is not approved for use with a flue damper.” or
“U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Certified to comply with 2020 particulate emission standards for single burn rate heaters. This single burn rate wood heater is not approved for use with a flue damper.”

(d) Additional permanent label content. The permanent label for all certified wood heaters must also contain the following statement:

“This wood heater needs periodic inspection and repair for proper operation. Consult the owner's manual for further information. It is against federal regulations to operate this wood heater in a manner inconsistent with the operating instructions in the owner's manual.”

(e) Permanent label requirements for affected wood heaters with exemptions under § 60.530(b).

(1) If an affected wood heater is manufactured in the United States for export as provided in § 60.530(b)(1), the following statement must appear on the permanent label:

“U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Export stove. May not be sold or operated within the United States.”

(2) If an affected wood heater is manufactured for use for research and development purposes as provided in § 60.530(b)(2), the following statement must appear on the permanent label:

“U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Not certified. Research Stove. Not approved for sale or for operation other than for research.”

(3) If a wood heater is exclusively a non-wood-burning heater as provided § 60.530(b)(3), the following statement must appear on the permanent label:

“U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY This heater is not certified for wood burning. Use of any wood fuel is a violation of federal regulations.”

(4) If an affected wood heater is a cook stove that meets the definition in § 60.531, the following statement must appear on the permanent label:

“U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY This unit is not a certified residential wood heater. The primary use for this unit is for cooking or baking.”

(5) If an affected wood heater is a camp stove that meets the definition in § 60.531, the following statement must appear on the permanent label:

“U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY This unit is not a certified residential wood heater. For portable and temporary use only.”

(f) Temporary label (hangtag) voluntary option.

(1) Each model certified to meet the 2020 particulate matter emission standards of § 60.532(b) prior May 15, 2020 may display the temporary labels (hangtags) specified in section 3 of appendix I of this part. The electronic template will be provided by the Administrator upon approval of the certification.

(2) The hangtags in paragraph (f)(1) of this section end on May 15, 2020.

(3) Each model certified to meet the 2020 Cord Wood Alternative Compliance Option of § 60.532(c) may display the cord wood temporary label specified in section 3 of appendix I of this part. The electronic template will be provided by the Administrator upon approval of the certification.

(g) Owner's manual requirements.

(1) Each affected wood heater offered for sale by a commercial owner must be accompanied by an owner's manual that must contain the information listed in paragraph (g)(2) of this section (pertaining to installation) and paragraph (g)(3) of this section (pertaining to operation and maintenance). Such information must be adequate to enable consumers to achieve optimal emissions performance. Such information must be consistent with the operating instructions provided by the manufacturer to the approved test laboratory for operating the wood heater during certification testing, except for details of the certification test that would not be relevant to the user. The commercial owner must also make current and historical owner's manuals available on the company Web site and upon request to the EPA.

(2) Guidance on proper installation, include stack height, location and achieving proper draft.

(3) Proper operation and maintenance information, including minimizing visible emissions:

(i) Fuel loading and re-loading procedures; recommendations on fuel selection and warnings on what fuels not to use, such as unseasoned wood, treated wood, colored paper, cardboard, solvents, trash and garbage;

(ii) Fire starting procedures;

(iii) Proper use of air controls, including how to establish good combustion and how to ensure good combustion at the lowest burn rate for which the heater is warranted;

(iv) Ash removal procedures;

(v) Instructions for replacement of gaskets, air tubes and other parts that are critical to the emissions performance of the unit, and other maintenance and repair instructions;

(vi) For catalytic or hybrid models, information on the following pertaining to the catalytic combustor: Procedures for achieving and maintaining catalyst activity, maintenance procedures, procedures for determining deterioration or failure, procedures for replacement and information on how to exercise warranty rights;

(vii) For catalytic or hybrid models, the following statement -

“This wood heater contains a catalytic combustor, which needs periodic inspection and replacement for proper operation. It is against federal regulations to operate this wood heater in a manner inconsistent with operating instructions in this manual, or if the catalytic element is deactivated or removed.”

(viii) For noncatalytic models, the following statement -

“This wood heater needs periodic inspection and repair for proper operation. It is against federal regulations to operate this wood heater in a manner inconsistent with operating instructions in this manual.”

(4) Any manufacturer using the EPA-recommended language contained in appendix I of this part to satisfy any requirement of this paragraph (g) will be considered to be in compliance with that requirement, provided that the particular language is printed in full, with only such changes as are necessary to ensure accuracy for the particular wood heater model line.

(h) Wood heaters that are affected by this subpart, but that have been owned and operated by a noncommercial owner, are not subject to paragraphs (f) and (g) of this section when offered for resale.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

§ 7401 - Congressional findings and declaration of purpose

§ 7402 - Cooperative activities

§ 7403 - Research, investigation, training, and other activities

§ 7404 - Research relating to fuels and vehicles

§ 7405 - Grants for support of air pollution planning and control programs

§ 7406 - Interstate air quality agencies; program cost limitations

§ 7407 - Air quality control regions

§ 7408 - Air quality criteria and control techniques

§ 7409 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards

§ 7410 - State implementation plans for national primary and secondary ambient air quality standards

§ 7411 - Standards of performance for new stationary sources

§ 7412 - Hazardous air pollutants

§ 7413 - Federal enforcement

§ 7414 - Recordkeeping, inspections, monitoring, and entry

§ 7415 - International air pollution

§ 7416 - Retention of State authority

§ 7417 - Advisory committees

§ 7418 - Control of pollution from Federal facilities

§ 7419 - Primary nonferrous smelter orders

§ 7420 - Noncompliance penalty

§ 7421 - Consultation

§ 7422 - Listing of certain unregulated pollutants

§ 7423 - Stack heights

§ 7424 - Assurance of adequacy of State plans

§ 7425 - Measures to prevent economic disruption or unemployment

§ 7426 - Interstate pollution abatement

§ 7427 - Public notification

§ 7428 - State boards

§ 7429 - Solid waste combustion

§ 7430 - Emission factors

§ 7431 - Land use authority

§ 7450 to 7459 - Repealed. Pub. L. 101–549, title VI, § 601, Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2648

§ 7470 - Congressional declaration of purpose

§ 7471 - Plan requirements

§ 7472 - Initial classifications

§ 7473 - Increments and ceilings

§ 7474 - Area redesignation

§ 7475 - Preconstruction requirements

§ 7476 - Other pollutants

§ 7477 - Enforcement

§ 7478 - Period before plan approval

§ 7479 - Definitions

§ 7491 - Visibility protection for Federal class I areas

§ 7492 - Visibility

§ 7501 - Definitions

§ 7502 - Nonattainment plan provisions in general

§ 7503 - Permit requirements

§ 7504 - Planning procedures

§ 7505 - Environmental Protection Agency grants

§ 7505a - Maintenance plans

§ 7506 - Limitations on certain Federal assistance

§ 7506a - Interstate transport commissions

§ 7507 - New motor vehicle emission standards in nonattainment areas

§ 7508 - Guidance documents

§ 7509 - Sanctions and consequences of failure to attain

§ 7509a - International border areas

§ 7511 - Classifications and attainment dates

§ 7511a - Plan submissions and requirements

§ 7511b - Federal ozone measures

§ 7511c - Control of interstate ozone air pollution

§ 7511d - Enforcement for Severe and Extreme ozone nonattainment areas for failure to attain

§ 7511e - Transitional areas

§ 7511f - NOx and VOC study

§ 7512 - Classification and attainment dates

§ 7512a - Plan submissions and requirements

§ 7513 - Classifications and attainment dates

§ 7513a - Plan provisions and schedules for plan submissions

§ 7513b - Issuance of RACM and BACM guidance

§ 7514 - Plan submission deadlines

§ 7514a - Attainment dates

§ 7515 - General savings clause

§ 7521 - Emission standards for new motor vehicles or new motor vehicle engines

§ 7522 - Prohibited acts

§ 7523 - Actions to restrain violations

§ 7524 - Civil penalties

§ 7525 - Motor vehicle and motor vehicle engine compliance testing and certification

§ 7541 - Compliance by vehicles and engines in actual use

§ 7542 - Information collection

§ 7543 - State standards

§ 7544 - State grants

§ 7545 - Regulation of fuels

§ 7546 - Renewable fuel

§ 7547 - Nonroad engines and vehicles

§ 7548 - Study of particulate emissions from motor vehicles

§ 7549 - High altitude performance adjustments

§ 7550 - Definitions

§ 7551 - Omitted

§ 7552 - Motor vehicle compliance program fees

§ 7553 - Prohibition on production of engines requiring leaded gasoline

§ 7554 - Urban bus standards

§ 7571 - Establishment of standards

§ 7572 - Enforcement of standards

§ 7573 - State standards and controls

§ 7574 - Definitions

§ 7581 - Definitions

§ 7582 - Requirements applicable to clean-fuel vehicles

§ 7583 - Standards for light-duty clean-fuel vehicles

§ 7584 - Administration and enforcement as per California standards

§ 7585 - Standards for heavy-duty clean-fuel vehicles (GVWR above 8,500 up to 26,000 lbs.)

§ 7586 - Centrally fueled fleets

§ 7587 - Vehicle conversions

§ 7588 - Federal agency fleets

§ 7589 - California pilot test program

§ 7590 - General provisions

§ 7601 - Administration

Title 40 published on 2015-07-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 40 CFR Part 60 after this date.

  • 2015-12-01; vol. 80 # 230 - Tuesday, December 1, 2015
    1. 80 FR 75178 - Petroleum Refinery Sector Risk and Technology Review and New Source Performance Standards
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, 40 CFR Parts 60 and 63
      Final rule.
      This final action is effective on February 1, 2016. The incorporation by reference of certain publications for part 63 listed in the rule is approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of February 1, 2016. The incorporation by reference of certain publications for part 60 listed in the rule were approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of June 24, 2008.
      40 CFR Part 60