42 CFR 417.413 - Qualifying condition: Operating experience and enrollment.
(a)Condition. The HMO or CMP must demonstrate that it has operating experience and an enrolled population sufficient to provide a reasonable basis for establishing a prospective per capita reimbursement rate or a reasonable cost reimbursement rate, as appropriate.
(b)Standard: Enrollment and operating experience for HMOs or CMPs to contract on a risk basis. To be eligible to contract on a risk basis -
(i) At least 5,000 enrollees; and
(i) At least 1,500 enrollees; and
(i) No part of which is within a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) as designated by the Executive Office of Management and Budget; and
(ii) That does not contain a city whose population exceeds 50,000 individuals.
(4) A subdivision or subsidiary of an HMO or CMP that meets the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) or (b)(2) of this section need not demonstrate that it meets those requirements as an independent unit if the HMO or CMP assumes responsibility for the financial risk, and adequate management and supervision of health care services furnished by its subdivision or subsidiary.
(c)Standard: Enrollment and operating experience for HMOs or CMPs to contract on a cost basis. To be eligible to contract on a reasonable cost basis, an HMO or CMP must currently have enrollees sufficient in number to provide a reasonable basis for entering into a contract, as follows:
(1) At least 1,500 enrollees.
(i) A Medicare enrollment of 75 within 2 years from the beginning of its initial contract period; and
(ii) At least 250 Medicare enrollees by the beginning of its fourth contract period.
(d)Standard: Composition of enrollment -
(2)Waiver of composition of enrollment standard. CMS may waive compliance with the requirements of paragraph (d)(1) of this section if the HMO or CMP has made and is making reasonable efforts to enroll individuals who are not Medicare beneficiaries and it meets one of the following requirements:
(i) The HMO or CMP serves a geographic area in which Medicare beneficiaries and Medicaid beneficiaries constitute more than 50 percent of the population. (CMS does not grant a waiver that would permit the percentage of Medicare and Medicaid enrollees to exceed the percentage of Medicare beneficiaries and Medicaid beneficiaries in the population of the geographic area.)
(ii) The HMO or CMP is owned and operated by a government entity. The waiver may be for a period up to three years after the date the HMO or CMP first enters into a contract under this subpart, and may not be extended.
(A) The organization serves a medically underserved rural or urban area.
(B) The organization demonstrates a long-term business and community service commitment to the area.
(C) The organization believes that a waiver is necessary to promote managed care choices in an area with limited or no managed care choices.
(3)Waiver granted on or before October 21, 1986. An HMO or CMP (or a successor HMO or CMP) that as of October 21, 1986, had been granted an exception, waiver, or modification of the requirements of paragraph (d)(1) of this section, but that does not meet the requirements of paragraph (d)(2) of this section, must make (and throughout the period of the exception, waiver, or modification continue to make) reasonable efforts to meet scheduled enrollment goals, consistent with a schedule of compliance approved by CMS.
(i) If CMS determines that the HMO or CMP has complied, or made significant progress toward compliance, with the approved schedule, and that an extension is in the best interest of the Medicare program, CMS may extend the waiver of modification.
(4)Basis for application of sanctions. CMS may, as an alternative to contract termination, apply the sanctions specified in paragraph (d)(6) of this section if CMS determines that the HMO or CMP is not complying with the requirements in paragraphs (d)(1), (d)(2), or (d)(3) of this section, as applicable.
(5)Notice of sanction. Before applying the sanctions specified in paragraph (d)(6) of this section, CMS sends a written notice to the HMO or CMP stating the proposed action and its basis. CMS gives the HMO or CMP 15 days after the date of the notice to provide evidence establishing the HMO's or CMP's compliance with the requirements in paragraph (d)(1), (d)(2), or (d)(3) of this section, as applicable.
(6)Sanctions. If, following review of the HMO's or CMP's timely response to CMS's notice, CMS determines that an HMO or CMP does not comply with the requirements of paragraphs (d)(1), (d)(2), or (d)(3) of this section, CMS may apply either of the following sanctions:
(7)Termination by CMS. In addition to the sanctions described in paragraph (d)(6) of this section. CMS may decline to renew an HMO's or CMP's contract in accordance with § 417.492(b), or terminate its contract in accordance with § 417.494(b) if CMS determines that the HMO or CMP no longer substantially meets the requirements of paragraphs (d)(1), (d)(2), or (d)(3) of this section.
(8)Termination of composition standard. The 50 percent composition of Medicare beneficiaries terminates for all managed care plans on December 31, 1998.
(e)Standard: Open enrollment.
(1) Except as specified in paragraph (e)(2) of this section, an HMO or CMP must enroll Medicare beneficiaries on a first-come, first-served basis to the limit of its capacity and provide annual open enrollment periods of at least 30 days duration for Medicare beneficiaries.
(2) CMS may waive the requirement of paragraph (e)(1) of this section if compliance would prevent compliance with the limitation on enrollment of Medicare beneficiaries and Medicaid beneficiaries ( paragraph (d) of this section) or result in an enrollment substantially nonrepresentative of the population of the HMO's or CMP's geographic area. The enrollment would be “substantially nonrepresentative” if the proportion of a subgroup to the total enrollment exceeded, by 10 percent or more, its proportion of the population in the HMO's or CMP's geographic area, as shown by census data or other data acceptable to CMS. For purposes of this paragraph, a subgroup means a class of Medicare enrollees as defined in § 417.582.