45 CFR § 155.505 - General eligibility appeals requirements.
(a) General requirements. Unless otherwise specified, the provisions of this subpart apply to Exchange eligibility appeals processes, regardless of whether the appeals process is provided by a State Exchange appeals entity or by the HHS appeals entity.
(1) An eligibility determination made in accordance with subpart D, including -
(i) An initial determination of eligibility, including the amount of advance payments of the premium tax credit and level of cost-sharing reductions, made in accordance with the standards specified in § 155.305(a) through (h); and
(iii) A determination of eligibility for an enrollment period, made in accordance with § 155.305(b);
(2) An eligibility determination for an exemption made in accordance § 155.605;
(c) Options for Exchange appeals. Exchange eligibility appeals may be conducted by -
(1) A State Exchange appeals entity, or an eligible entity described in paragraph (d) of this section that is designated by the Exchange, if the Exchange establishes an appeals process in accordance with the requirements of this subpart; or
(2) The HHS appeals entity -
(ii) If the Exchange has not established an appeals process in accordance with the requirements of this subpart; or
(iii) If the Exchange has delegated appeals of exemption determinations made by HHS pursuant to § 155.625(b) to the HHS appeals entity, and the appeal is limited to a determination of eligibility for an exemption.
(d) Eligible entities. An appeals process established under this subpart must comply with § 155.110(a).
(e) Representatives. An appellant may represent himself or herself, or be represented by an authorized representative under § 155.227, or by legal counsel, a relative, a friend, or another spokesperson, during the appeal.
(f) Accessibility requirements. Appeals processes established under this subpart must comply with the accessibility requirements in § 155.205(c).
(g) Judicial review. An appellant may seek judicial review to the extent it is available by law.
(h) Electronic requirements. If the Exchange appeals entity cannot fulfill the electronic requirements of subparts C, D, F, and H of this part related to acceptance of telephone- or Internet-based appeal requests, the provision of appeals notices electronically, or the secure electronic transfer of eligibility and appeal records between appeals entities and Exchanges or Medicaid or CHIP agencies, the Exchange appeals entity may fulfill those requirements that it cannot fulfill electronically using a secure and expedient paper-based process.