45 CFR 1609.2 - Definition.
(a) Fee-generating case means any case or matter which, if undertaken on behalf of an eligible client by an attorney in private practice, reasonably may be expected to result in a fee for legal services from an award to a client, from public funds or from the opposing party.
(b) Fee-generating case does not include a case where:
(1) A court appoints a recipient or an employee of a recipient to provide representation in a case pursuant to a statute or a court rule or practice equally applicable to all attorneys in the jurisdiction, or
(2) A recipient undertakes representation under a contract with a government agency or other entity.