47 CFR 90.543 - Emission limitations.

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§ 90.543 Emission limitations.

Transmitters designed to operate in 769-775 MHz and 799-805 MHz frequency bands must meet the emission limitations in paragraphs (a) through (d) of this section. Class A and Class B signal boosters retransmitting signals in the 769-775 MHz and 799-805 MHz frequency bands are exempt from the limits listed in paragraph (a) of this section when simultaneously retransmitting multiple signals and instead shall be subject to the limit listed in paragraph (c) of this section when operating in this manner. Transmitters operating in 758-768 MHz and 788-798 MHz bands must meet the emission limitations in (e) of this section.

(a) The adjacent channel power (ACP) requirements for transmitters designed for various channel sizes are shown in the following tables. Mobile station requirements apply to handheld, car mounted and control station units. The tables specify a value for the ACP as a function of the displacement from the channel center frequency and measurement bandwidth. In the following tables, “(s)” indicates a swept measurement may be used.

6.25 kHz Mobile Transmitter ACP Requirements

Offset from center
frequency
(kHz)
Measurement bandwidth
(kHz)
Maximum ACP relative
(dBc)
6.25 6.25 −40
12.5 6.25 −60
18.75 6.25 −60
25.00 6.25 −65
37.50 25.00 −65
62.50 25.00 −65
87.50 25.00 −65
150.00 100.00 −65
250.00 100.00 −65
350.00 100.00 −65
>400 kHz to 12 MHz 30 (s) −75
12 MHz to paired receive band 30 (s) −75
In the paired receive band 30 (s) −100

12.5 kHz Mobile Transmitter ACP Requirements

Offset from center
frequency
(kHz)
Measurement bandwidth
(kHz)
Maximum ACP relative
(dBc)
9.375 6.25 −40
15.625 6.25 −60
21.875 6.25 −60
37.50 25.00 −60
62.50 25.00 −65
87.50 25.00 −65
150.00 100 −65
250.00 100 −65
350.00 100 −65
>400 to 12 MHz 30 (s) −75
12 MHz to paired receive band 30 (s) −75
In the paired receive band 30 (s) −100

25 kHz Mobile Transmitter ACP Requirements

Offset from center
frequency
(kHz)
Measurement bandwidth
(kHz)
Maximum ACP relative
(dBc)
15.625 6.25 −40
21.875 6.25 −60
37.50 25 −60
62.50 25 −65
87.50 25 −65
150.00 100 −65
250.00 100 −65
350.00 100 −65
>400 kHz to 12 MHz 30 (s) −75
12 MHz to paired receive band 30 (s) −75
In the paired receive band 30 (s) −100

6.25 kHz Base Transmitter ACP Requirements

Offset from center
frequency
(kHz)
Measurement bandwidth
(kHz)
Maximum ACP
(dBc)
6.25 6.25 −40
12.50 6.25 −60
18.75 6.25 −60
25.00 6.25 −65
37.50 25 −65
62.50 25 −65
87.50 25 −65
150.00 100 −65
250.00 100 −65
350.00 100 −65
>400 to 12 MHz 30 (s) −80
12 MHz to paired receive band 30 (s) −80
In the paired receive band 30 (s) 1 -85

1 Although we permit individual base transmitters to radiate a maximum ACP of −85 dBc in the paired receive band, licensees deploying these transmitters may not exceed an ACP of −100 dBc in the paired receive band when measured at either the transmitting antenna input port or the output of the transmitter combining network. Consequently, licensees deploying these transmitters may need to use external filters to comply with the more restrictive ACP limit.

12.5 kHz Base Transmitter ACP Requirements

Offset from center
frequency
(kHz)
Measurement bandwidth
(kHz)
Maximum ACP
(dBc)
9.375 6.25 −40
15.625 6.25 −60
21.875 6.25 −60
37.5 25 −60
62.5 25 −65
87.5 25 −65
150 100 −65
250 100 −65
350.00 100 −65
>400 kHz to 12 MHz 30 (s) −80
12 MHz to paired receive band 30 (s) −80
In the paired receive band 30 (s) 1 -85

1 Although we permit individual base transmitters to radiate a maximum ACP of −85 dBc in the paired receive band, licensees deploying these transmitters may not exceed an ACP of −100 dBc in the paired receive band when measured at either the transmitting antenna input port or the output of the transmitter combining network. Consequently, licensees deploying these transmitters may need to use external filters to comply with the more restrictive ACP limit.

25 kHz Base Transmitter ACP Requirements

Offset from center
frequency
(kHz)
Measurement bandwidth
(kHz)
Maximum ACP
(dBc)
15.625 6.25 −40
21.875 6.25 −60
37.5 25 −60
62.5 25 −65
87.5 25 −65
150 100 −65
250 100 −65
350 100.00 −65
>400 kHz to 12 MHz 30 (s) −80
12 MHz to paired receive band 30 (s) −80
In the paired receive band 30 (s) 1 -85

1 Although we permit individual base transmitters to radiate a maximum ACP of −85 dBc in the paired receive band, licensees deploying these transmitters may not exceed an ACP of −100 dBc in the paired receive band when measured at either the transmitting antenna input port or the output of the transmitter combining network. Consequently, licensees deploying these transmitters may need to use external filters to comply with the more restrictive ACP limit.

(b) ACP measurement procedure. The following are the procedures for making the transmitter ACP measurements. For all measurements modulate the transmitter as it would be modulated in normal operating conditions. For time division multiple access (TDMA) systems, the measurements are to be made under TDMA operation only during time slots when the transmitter is active. All measurements are made at the transmitter's output port. If a transmitter has an integral antenna, a suitable power coupling device shall be used to couple the RF signal to the measurement instrument. The coupling device shall substantially maintain the proper transmitter load impedance. The ACP measurements may be made with a spectrum analyzer capable of making direct ACP measurements. “Measurement bandwidth”, as used for non-swept measurements, implies an instrument that measures the power in many narrow bandwidths equal to the nominal resolution bandwidth and integrates these powers to determine the total power in the specified measurement bandwidth.

(1) Setting reference level. Set transmitter to maximum output power. Using a spectrum analyzer capable of ACP measurements, set the measurement bandwidth to the channel size. For example, for a 6.25 kHz transmitter set the measurement bandwidth to 6.25 kHz. Set the frequency offset of the measurement bandwidth to zero and adjust the center frequency of the instrument to the assigned center frequency to measure the average power level of the transmitter. Record this power level in dBm as the “reference power level.”

(2) Non-swept power measurement. Using a spectrum analyzer capable of ACP measurements, set the mesurement bandwidth and frequency offset from the assigned center frequency as shown in the tables in § 90.543 (a) above. Any value of resolution bandwidth may be used as long as it does not exceed 2 percent of the specified measurement bandwidth. Measure the power level in dBm. These measurements should be made at maximum power. Calculate ACP by substracting the reference power level measured in (b)(1) from the measurements made in this step. The absolute value of the calculated ACP must be greater than or equal to the absolute value of the ACP given in the table for each condition above.

(3) Swept power measurement. Set a spectrum analyzer to 30 kHz resolution bandwidth, 1 MHz video bandwidth and average, sample, or RMS detection. Set the reference level of the spectrum analyzer to the RMS value of the transmitter power. Sweep above and below the carrier frequency to the limits defined in the tables. Calculate ACP by substracting the reference power level measured in (b)(1) from the measurements made in this step. The absolute value of the calculated ACP must be greater than or equal to the absolute value of the ACP given in the table for each condition above.

(c) Out-of-band emission limit. On any frequency outside of the frequency ranges covered by the ACP tables in this section, the power of any emission must be reduced below the mean output power (P) by at least 43 10log (P) dB measured in a 100 kHz bandwidth for frequencies less than 1 GHz, and in a 1 MHz bandwidth for frequencies greater than 1 GHz.

(d) Authorized bandwidth. Provided that the ACP requirements of this section are met, applicants may request any authorized bandwidth that does not exceed the channel size.

(e) For operations in the 758-768 MHz and the 788-798 MHz bands, the power of any emission outside the licensee's frequency band(s) of operation shall be attenuated below the transmitter power (P) within the licensed band(s) of operation, measured in watts, in accordance with the following:

(1) On all frequencies between 769-775 MHz and 799-805 MHz, by a factor not less than 76 10 log (P) dB in a 6.25 kHz band segment, for base and fixed stations.

(2) On all frequencies between 769-775 MHz and 799-805 MHz, by a factor not less than 65 10 log (P) dB in a 6.25 kHz band segment, for mobile and portable stations.

(3) On any frequency between 775-788 MHz, above 805 MHz, and below 758 MHz, by at least 43 10 log (P) dB.

(4) Compliance with the provisions of paragraphs (e)(1) and (2) of this section is based on the use of measurement instrumentation such that the reading taken with any resolution bandwidth setting should be adjusted to indicate spectral energy in a 6.25 kHz segment.

(5) Compliance with the provisions of paragraph (e)(3) of this section is based on the use of measurement instrumentation employing a resolution bandwidth of 100 kHz or greater. However, in the 100 kHz bands immediately outside and adjacent to the frequency block, a resolution bandwidth of 30 kHz may be employed.

(f) For operations in the 758-775 MHz and 788-805 MHz bands, all emissions including harmonics in the band 1559-1610 MHz shall be limited to −70 dBW/MHz equivalent isotropically radiated power (EIRP) for wideband signals, and −80 dBW EIRP for discrete emissions of less than 700 Hz bandwidth. For the purpose of equipment authorization, a transmitter shall be tested with an antenna that is representative of the type that will be used with the equipment in normal operation.

(g) When an emission outside of the authorized bandwidth causes harmful interference, the Commission may, at its discretion, require greater attenuation than specified in this section.

[70 FR 21666, Apr. 27, 2005, as amended at 72 FR 48862, Aug. 24, 2007; 79 FR 600, Jan. 6, 2014; 79 FR 39340, July 10, 2014; 79 FR 71326, Dec. 2, 2014]

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Title 47 published on 2015-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 47 CFR Part 90 after this date.

  • 2015-11-25; vol. 80 # 227 - Wednesday, November 25, 2015
    1. 80 FR 73696 - Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau Seeks Comment on FirstNet's Incumbent Relocation Proposal
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      FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
      Proposed rule.
      Comments are due on or before December 9, 2015.
      47 CFR Part 90