49 CFR 173.121 - Class 3 - Assignment of packing group.
(1) The packing group of a Class 3 material is as assigned in column 5 of the § 172.101 Table. When the § 172.101 Table provides more than one packing group for a hazardous material, the packing group must be determined by applying the following criteria:
|Packing group||Flash point (closed-cup)||Initial boiling point|
|II||<23 °C (73 °F)||>35 °C
|III||≥23 °C, ≤60 °C
(≥73 °F, ≤140 °F)
(2) The initial boiling point of a Class 3 material may be determined by using one of the following test methods:
(i) Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure (ASTM D 86) (IBR; see § 171.7 of this subchapter);
(iii) Petroleum Products - Determination of Distillation Characteristics at Atmospheric Pressure (ISO 3405) (IBR; see § 171.7 of this subchapter);
(b)Criteria for inclusion of viscous Class 3 materials in Packing Group III.
(i) Less than 3 percent of the clear solvent layer separates in the solvent separation test;
(iii) The capacity of the packaging is not more than 30 L (7.9 gallons); except that for transportation by highway, rail or cargo aircraft, the capacity of the package is not more than 100 L (26.3 gallons); and
(iv) The viscosity and flash point are in accordance with the following table:
|Flow time t in seconds||Jet diameter in mm||Flash point c.c.|
|20<t≤60||4||above 17 °C (62.6 °F).|
|60<t≤100||4||above 10 °C (50 °F).|
|20<t≤32||6||above 5 °C (41 °F).|
|32<t≤44||6||above −1 °C (31.2 °F).|
|44<t≤100||6||above −5 °C (23 °F).|
|100<t||6||−5 °C (23 °F) and below.|
(i)Viscosity test. The flow time in seconds is determined at 23 °C (73.4 °F) using the ISO standard cup with a 4 mm (0.16 inch) jet as set forth in ISO 2431 (IBR, see § 171.7 of this subchapter). Where the flow time exceeds 100 seconds, a further test is carried out using the ISO standard cup with a 6 mm (0.24 inch) jet.
(ii)Solvent Separation Test. This test is carried out at 23 °C (73 °F) using a 100.0 mL(3 ounces) measuring cylinder of the stoppered type of approximately 25.0 cm (9.8 inches) total height and of a uniform internal diameter of approximately 30 mm (1.2 inches) over the calibrated section. The sample should be stirred to obtain a uniform consistency, and poured in up to the 100 mL (3 ounces) mark. The stopper should be inserted and the cylinder left standing undisturbed for 24 hours. After 24 hours, the height of the upper separated layer should be measured and the percentage of this layer as compared with the total height of the sample calculated.
(c)Transitional provisions. The criteria for packing group assignments in effect on December 31, 2006, may continue to be used until January 1, 2012.