49 CFR 37.5 - Nondiscrimination.

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§ 37.5 Nondiscrimination.

(a) No entity shall discriminate against an individual with a disability in connection with the provision of transportation service.

(b) Notwithstanding the provision of any special transportation service to individuals with disabilities, an entity shall not, on the basis of disability, deny to any individual with a disability the opportunity to use the entity's transportation service for the general public, if the individual is capable of using that service.

(c) An entity shall not require an individual with a disability to use designated priority seats, if the individual does not choose to use these seats.

(d) An entity shall not impose special charges, not authorized by this part, on individuals with disabilities, including individuals who use wheelchairs, for providing services required by this part or otherwise necessary to accommodate them.

(e) An entity shall not require that an individual with disabilities be accompanied by an attendant.

(f) Private entities that are primarily engaged in the business of transporting people and whose operations affect commerce shall not discriminate against any individual on the basis of disability in the full and equal enjoyment of specified transportation services. This obligation includes, with respect to the provision of transportation services, compliance with the requirements of the rules of the Department of Justice concerning eligibility criteria, making reasonable modifications, providing auxiliary aids and services, and removing barriers (28 CFR 36.301-36.306).

(g) An entity shall not refuse to serve an individual with a disability or require anything contrary to this part because its insurance company conditions coverage or rates on the absence of individuals with disabilities or requirements contrary to this part.

(h) It is not discrimination under this part for an entity to refuse to provide service to an individual with disabilities because that individual engages in violent, seriously disruptive, or illegal conduct, or represents a direct threat to the health or safety of others. However, an entity shall not refuse to provide service to an individual with disabilities solely because the individual's disability results in appearance or involuntary behavior that may offend, annoy, or inconvenience employees of the entity or other persons.

(i) Public and private entity distinctions. -

(1) Private entity-private transport. Private entities that are primarily engaged in the business of transporting people and whose operations affect commerce shall not discriminate against any individual on the basis of disability in the full and equal enjoyment of specified transportation services. This obligation includes, with respect to the provision of transportation services, compliance with the requirements of the rules of the Department of Justice concerning eligibility criteria, making reasonable modifications, providing auxiliary aids and services, and removing barriers (28 CFR 36.301-36.306).

(2) Private entity-public transport. Private entities that provide specified public transportation shall make reasonable modifications in policies, practices, or procedures, when the modifications are necessary to afford goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations to individuals with disabilities, unless the entity can demonstrate that making the modifications would fundamentally alter the nature of the goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations.

(3) Public entity-public transport. Public entities that provide designated public transportation shall make reasonable modifications in policies, practices, or procedures when the modifications are necessary to avoid discrimination on the basis of disability or to provide program accessibility to their services, subject to the limitations of § 37.169(c)(1)-(3). This requirement applies to the means public entities use to meet their obligations under all provisions of this part.

(4) In choosing among alternatives for meeting nondiscrimination and accessibility requirements with respect to new, altered, or existing facilities, or designated or specified transportation services, public and private entities shall give priority to those methods that offer services, programs, and activities to qualified individuals with disabilities in the most integrated setting appropriate to the needs of individuals with disabilities.

[56 FR 45621, Sept. 6, 1991, as amended at 80 FR 13260, Mar. 13, 2015]

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

§ 12101 - Findings and purpose

§ 12102 - Definition of disability

§ 12103 - Additional definitions

§ 12111 - Definitions

§ 12112 - Discrimination

§ 12113 - Defenses

§ 12114 - Illegal use of drugs and alcohol

§ 12115 - Posting notices

§ 12116 - Regulations

§ 12117 - Enforcement

§ 12131 - Definitions

§ 12132 - Discrimination

§ 12133 - Enforcement

§ 12134 - Regulations

§ 12141 - Definitions

§ 12142 - Public entities operating fixed route systems

§ 12143 - Paratransit as a complement to fixed route service

§ 12144 - Public entity operating a demand responsive system

§ 12145 - Temporary relief where lifts are unavailable

§ 12146 - New facilities

§ 12147 - Alterations of existing facilities

§ 12148 - Public transportation programs and activities in existing facilities and one car per train rule

§ 12149 - Regulations

§ 12150 - Interim accessibility requirements

§ 12161 - Definitions

§ 12162 - Intercity and commuter rail actions considered discriminatory

§ 12163 - Conformance of accessibility standards

§ 12164 - Regulations

§ 12165 - Interim accessibility requirements

§ 12181 - Definitions

§ 12182 - Prohibition of discrimination by public accommodations

§ 12183 - New construction and alterations in public accommodations and commercial facilities

§ 12184 - Prohibition of discrimination in specified public transportation services provided by private entities

§ 12185 - Study

§ 12186 - Regulations

§ 12187 - Exemptions for private clubs and religious organizations

§ 12188 - Enforcement

§ 12189 - Examinations and courses

§ 12201 - Construction

§ 12202 - State immunity

§ 12203 - Prohibition against retaliation and coercion

§ 12204 - Regulations by Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board

§ 12205 - Attorney’s fees

§ 12205a - Rule of construction regarding regulatory authority

§ 12206 - Technical assistance

§ 12207 - Federal wilderness areas

§ 12208 - Transvestites

§ 12209 - Instrumentalities of Congress

§ 12210 - Illegal use of drugs

§ 12211 - Definitions

§ 12212 - Alternative means of dispute resolution

§ 12213 - Severability

U.S. Code: Title 49 - TRANSPORTATION