49 CFR Appendix A to Part 178, Specifications for Steel

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Appendix A to Part 178 - Specifications for Steel

Table 1

[Open-hearth, basic oxygen, or electric steel of uniform quality. The following chemical composition limits are based on ladle analysis:]

Designation Chemical composition, percent-ladle analysis
Grade 1 1 Grade 2 1 2 Grade 3 2 4 5
Carbon 0.10/0.20 0.24 maximum 0.22 maximum.
Manganese 1.10/1.60 0.50/1.00 1.25 maximum.
Phosphorus, maximum 0.04 0.04 0.045. 6
Sulfur, maximum 0.05 0.05 0.05.
Silicon 0.15/0.30 0.30 maximum
Copper, maximum 0.40
Columbium 0.01/0.04
Heat treatment authorized ( 3) ( 3) ( 3).
Maximum stress (p.s.i.) 35,000 35,000 35,000.

1 Addition of other elements to obtain alloying effect is not authorized.

2 Ferritic grain size 6 or finer according to ASTM E 112-96 (IBR, see § 171.7 of this subchapter).

3 Any suitable heat treatment in excess of 1,100 °F., except that liquid quenching is not permitted.

4 Other alloying elements may be added and shall be reported.

5 For compositions with a maximum carbon content of 0.15 percent of ladle analysis, the maximum limit for manganese on ladle analysis may be 1.40 percent.

6 Rephosphorized Grade 3 steels containing no more than 0.15 percent phosphorus are permitted if carbon content does not exceed 0.15 percent and manganese does not exceed 1 percent.

Check Analysis Tolerances

[A heat of steel made under any of the above grades, the ladle analysis of which is slightly out of the specified range is acceptable if the check analysis is within the following variations:]

Element Limit or maximum specified (percent) Tolerance (percent) over the maximum limit or under the minimum limit
Under minimum limit Over maximum limit
Carbon To 0.15 inclusive 0.02 0.03
Over 0.15 to 0.40 inclusive 0.03 0.04
Manganese To 0.60 inclusive 0.03 0.03
Over 0.60 to 1.15 inclusive 0.04 0.04
Over 1.15 to 2.50 inclusive 0.05 0.05
Phosphorus 7 All ranges 0.01
Sulfur All ranges 0.01
Silicon To 0.30 inclusive 0.02 0.03
Over 0.30 to 1.00 inclusive 0.05 0.05
Copper To 1.00 inclusive 0.03 0.03
Over 1.00 to 2.00 inclusive 0.05 0.05
Nickel To 1.00 inclusive 0.03 0.03
Over 1.00 to 2.00 inclusive 0.05 0.05
Chromium To 0.90 inclusive 0.03 0.03
Over 0.90 to 2.10 inclusive 0.05 0.05
Molybdenum To 0.20 inclusive 0.01 0.01
Over 0.20 to 0.40 inclusive 0.02 0.02
Zirconium All ranges 0.01 0.05
Columbium To 0.04 inclusive 0.005 0.01
Aluminum Over 0.10 to 0.20 inclusive 0.04 0.04
Over 0.20 to 0.30 inclusive 0.05 0.05

7 Rephosphorized steels not subject to check analysis for phosphorus.

[Amdt. 178-3, 34 FR 12283, July 25, 1969; 34 FR 12593, Aug. 1, 1969, as amended by Amdt. 178-64, 45 FR 81573, Dec. 11, 1980; Amdt. 178-97, 55 FR 52728, Dec. 21, 1990; 68 FR 75758, Dec. 31, 2003]

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United States Code

Title 49 published on 2015-12-03

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 49 CFR Part 178 after this date.

  • 2016-09-07; vol. 81 # 173 - Wednesday, September 7, 2016
    1. 81 FR 61742 - Hazardous Materials: Harmonization With International Standards (RRR)
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
      Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).
      Comments must be received by November 7, 2016.
      49 CFR Parts 107, 171, 172, 173, 175, 176, 178, and 180

Title 49 published on 2015-12-03.

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 49.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2016-06-02; vol. 81 # 106 - Thursday, June 2, 2016
    1. 81 FR 35484 - Hazardous Materials: Miscellaneous Amendments (RRR)
      GPO FDSys: XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
      Final rule.
        Effective Date: This rule is effective July 5, 2016. Voluntary Compliance Date: Voluntary compliance with all amendments is authorized June 2, 2016. Incorporation by reference Date: The incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in this rule is approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of July 5, 2016.
      49 CFR Parts 107, 171, 172, 173, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, and 180