50 CFR 261.103 - Basis for determination of a U.S. Standard for Grades.
(a) To address the inherently distinct and dissimilar attributes found in the fishery product groups, each standard for grades should have a different scope and product description, product forms, sample sizes, definition of defects, etc. The Secretary will make the final determination regarding the content of a U.S. Standard for Grades.
(b) A proposal for a new or revised U.S. grade standard may include the following:
(1) Scope and product description, which describes the products that are eligible for grading using the standard (e.g., fish portion, fish fillet).
(2) Product forms, which describe the types, styles and market forms covered by the standard (e.g., skin-off, tail-on, headless).
(3) Grade and inspection marks, which describe the grades and inspection mark criteria for each grade category (e.g., Grade A ≤ 15 points).
(4) Grade determination, which describes the means by which the grade is determined (i.e., the factors rated by score points and those that are not). Standards may contain defect grouping limiting rules that contain additional provisions that must be met.
(5) Sampling, which describes the method of sampling and sample unit sizes (e.g., 10 portions, 8 ounces, etc.).
(6) Procedures that describe the process used to determine the product grade (e.g., label declarations, sensory evaluation).
(7) Definitions of defects, which outline the defects associated with the products covered by the standard, defines them, and describes the method of counting or measuring the defects. This section may provide associated defect points or reference a defect table (e.g., bruises, blood spots, bones, black spots, coating defects, 1-inch squares, percent by weight, ratios).
(8) Defect point assessment, which describes how to assess points and provides any special guidance that may be necessary to the particular standard (e.g., defect points for certain categories are added together and divided by the weight of the sample unit; the number of instances are counted to determine if it is slight, moderate, or excessive defect).
(9) Tolerances for lot certification, which provide the sections from Title 50 CFR that regulate lot certification.
(10) Hygiene, which specifies the sections of applicable Federal regulations regulating the safe, wholesome production of food for human consumption.
(11) Methods of analysis, which describe the methods of analysis that will be used in the evaluation of the products covered by the standard for grades (e.g., net weight, deglazing, debreading).
(12) Defect table, which is the table of defects and associated points to be assessed for each defect.