7 CFR 250.3 - Definitions.
7 CFR part 3016 means the Department's regulations establishing uniform administrative requirements for Federal grants and cooperative agreements and subawards to State, local, and Indian tribal governments.
7 CFR part 3019 means the Department's regulations establishing uniform administrative requirements for Federal grants and cooperative agreements awarded to institutions of higher education, hospitals, and other nonprofit organizations.
Adult care institution means a nonresidential adult day care center that participates independently in CACFP, or that participates as a sponsoring organization, in accordance with an agreement with the distributing agency.
AoA means the Administration on Aging, which is the DHHS agency that administers NSIP.
Bonus foods means Section 32, Section 416, and Section 709 donated foods, as defined in this section, which are purchased under surplus removal or price support authority, and provided to distributing agencies in addition to legislatively authorized levels of assistance.
CACFP means the Child and Adult Care Food Program, 7 CFR part 226.
Charitable institutions means public institutions or nonprofit organizations, as defined in this section, that provide a meal service on a regular basis to predominantly needy persons in the same place without marked changes. Charitable institutions include, but are not limited to, emergency shelters, soup kitchens, hospitals, retirement homes, elderly nutrition projects; schools, summer camps, service institutions, and child and adult care institutions that do not participate in a child nutrition program, or as a commodity school, as they are defined in this section; and adult correctional institutions that conduct rehabilitation programs for a majority of inmates.
Child care institution means a nonresidential child care center that participates independently in CACFP, or that participates as a sponsoring organization, in accordance with an agreement with the distributing agency.
Child nutrition program means NSLP, CACFP, SFSP, or SBP.
Commodities means foods donated, or available for donation, by the Department under any of the legislation referred to in this part (see “Donated Foods”).
Commodity offer value means the minimum value of donated foods that the distributing agency must offer to a school food authority participating in NSLP each school year. The commodity offer value is equal to the national per-meal value of donated food assistance multiplied by the number of reimbursable lunches served by the school food authority in the previous school year.
Commodity school means a school that operates a nonprofit food service, in accordance with 7 CFR part 210, but that receives additional donated food assistance rather than the cash assistance available to it under Section 4 of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1753).
Contract value of the donated foods means the price assigned by the Department to a donated food which shall reflect the Department's current acquisition price, transportation and, if applicable, processing costs related to the food.
Contracting agency means the distributing agency, subdistributing agency, or recipient agency which enters into a processing contract.
Department means the United States Department of Agriculture or the Commodity Credit Corporation, whichever is the donor under the pertinent legislation.
DHHS means the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
Disaster means (a) Any natural catastrophe (including any hurricane, tornado, storm, high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, drought), or, regardless of cause, any fire, flood, or explosion, in any part of the United States, which in the determination of the President causes damage of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant major disaster assistance under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.) (Stafford Act) to supplement the efforts and available resources of States, local governments, and disaster relief organizations in alleviating the damage, loss, hardship, or suffering caused thereby; or
(b) Any other occasion or instance for which, in the determination of the President, Federal assistance is needed to supplement State and local efforts and capabilities to save lives and to protect property and public health and safety, or to lessen or avert the threat of a catastrophe in any part of the United States.
Disaster organizations means organizations authorized by appropriate Federal or State officials to assist disaster victims.
Disaster victims means persons who, because of acts of God or manmade disasters, are in need of food assistance, whether or not they are victims of a major disaster or an emergency as defined in this section.
Discount system means a system whereby a recipient agency purchases end products directly from a processor at an established wholesale price minus the contract value of the donated foods contained in the end products.
Distributing agency means a State, Federal or private agency, or Indian Tribal Organization (ITO) which enters into an agreement with the Department for the distribution of donated foods to eligible recipient agencies and recipients and the Food and Nutrition Service of the Department when it accepts title to commodities from the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) for distribution to eligible recipient agencies pursuant to the National Commodity Processing System. A distributing agency may also be a recipient agency.
Distributor means a commercial food purveyor or handler who is independent of a processor and both sells and bills for the end products delivered to recipient agencies.
Donated foods means foods donated, or available for donation, by the Department under any of the legislation referred to in this part (see “Commodities”).
Elderly nutrition project means a recipient agency selected by the State or Area Agency on Aging to receive donated foods in NSIP, for use in serving meals to elderly persons.
End product means a food product that contains processed donated foods.
Entitlement means the value of donated foods a distributing agency is authorized to receive in a specific program, in accordance with program legislation.
Entitlement foods means donated foods that USDA purchases and provides in accordance with levels of assistance mandated by program legislation.
Federal acceptance service means the acceptance service provided by:
(a) The applicable grading branches of the Department's Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS),
(b) The Department's Federal Grain Inspection Service, and
(c) The National Marine Fisheries Service of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Fee-for-service means the price by pound or by case representing a processor's cost of ingredients (other than donated foods), labor, packaging, overhead, and other costs incurred in the conversion of the donated food into the specified end product.
Fiscal year means the period of 12 months beginning October 1 of any calendar year and ending September 30 of the following year.
FNS means the Food and Nutrition Service of the Department of Agriculture.
FNSRO means the appropriate Food and Nutrition Service Regional Office of the Food and Nutrition Service of the Department of Agriculture.
Food service management company means a commercial enterprise, nonprofit organization, or public institution that is, or may be, contracted with by a recipient agency to manage any aspect of a recipient agency's food service, in accordance with 7 CFR parts 210, 225, or 226, or, with respect to charitable institutions, in accordance with this part. To the extent that such management includes the use of donated foods, the food service management company is subject to the applicable requirements in this part. However, a school food authority participating in NSLP that performs such functions is not considered a food service management company. Also, a commercial enterprise that uses donated foods to prepare meals at a commercial facility, or to perform other activities that meet the definition of processing in this section, is considered a processor in this part, and is subject to the requirements in subpart C of this part.
Household means a group of related or non-related individuals, exclusive of boarders, who are not residents of an institution, but who are living as one economic unit and for whom food is customarily purchased and prepared in common. It also means a single individual living alone.
In-kind replacement means replacement of lost donated foods with a quantity of the same foods of U.S. origin that are of equal or better quality than the lost foods and that are of at least equal monetary value to the Department's cost of replacing the lost foods.
Multi-State processor means:
(a) A processor which has entered into a processing contract with contracting agencies in more than one State, or
(b) A processor which has entered into a processing contract with one or more contracting agencies located in a State other than the one in which either the processor's plant or business office is located.
National per-meal value means the value of donated foods provided for each reimbursable lunch served in NSLP in the previous school year, and for each reimbursable lunch and supper served in CACFP in the previous school year, as established in Section 6(c) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act.
Needy persons means:
(a) Persons provided service by charitable institutions, who, because of their economic status, are in need of food assistance,
(b) All the members of a household who are certified as in need of food assistance, and
(c) Disaster victims.
Nonprofit organization means a private organization with tax-exempt status under the Internal Revenue Code. Nonprofit organizations operated exclusively for religious purposes are automatically tax-exempt under the Internal Revenue Code.
Nonprofit school food service account means the restricted account in which all of the revenue from all food service operations conducted for the school food authority principally for the benefit of school children is retained and used only for the operation or improvement of the nonprofit school food service.
NSIP means the Nutrition Services Incentive Program, which is administered by the United States Department of Health and Human Services, in accordance with Section 311 of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3030a).
NSLP means the National School Lunch Program, 7 CFR part 210.
Nonprofit school food service means all food service operations conducted by the school food authority principally for the benefit of school children, all of the revenue from which is used solely for the operation or improvement of such food services.
Performance supply and surety bond means a written instrument issued by a surety company which guarantees performance and supply of end products by a processor under the terms of a processing contract.
Processing means a commercial enterprise's use of a commercial facility to:
(a) Convert donated foods into an end product;
(b) Repackage donated foods; or
(c) Use donated foods in the preparation of meals.
Processor means a commercial enterprise that processes donated foods at a commercial facility.
Recipient agencies means agencies or organizations that receive donated foods, in accordance with agreements signed with a distributing agency, or with another recipient agency.
Recipients means persons receiving donated foods, or meals containing donated foods, provided by recipient agencies.
Recipient agencies means nonprofit summer camps for children, charitable institutions, nutrition programs for the elderly, disaster organizations, school food authorities, schools, nonresidential child care institutions, service institutions, and welfare agencies receiving foods for their own use or for distribution to eligible recipients.
Refund application means an application by a recipient agency in any form acceptable to the processor which certifies purchase of end products and requests a refund of the contract value of the donated foods contained in the end products purchased.
Refund system means a system whereby a recipient agency purchases a processor's end products and receives from the processor a payment equivalent to the contract value of the donated foods contained in the end products.
Reimbursable meals means meals that meet the nutritional standards established in Federal regulations pertaining to NSLP, SFSP, and CACFP, and that are served to eligible recipients.
SBP means the School Breakfast Program, 7 CFR part 220.
School means (a) An educational unit of high school grade or under, recognized as part of the educational system in the State and operating under public or nonprofit private ownership in a single building or complex of buildings. The term “high school grade or under” includes classes of preprimary grade when recognized as part of the education system of the States;
(b) Any public or nonprofit private classes of preprimary grade when they are conducted in those schools defined in paragraph (a) of this definition having classes of primary or of higher grade;
(c) Any public or nonprofit private residential child care institution, or distinct part of such institution, which operates principally for the care of children, and if private, is licensed to provide residential child care services under the appropriate licensing code by the State or a subordinate level of government, except for residential summer camps which participate in the Summer Food Service Program for Children, Job Corps centers funded by the Department of Labor and private foster homes. The term “residential child care institutions” includes, but is not limited to: homes for the mentally, emotionally or physically impaired, and unmarried mothers and their infants; group homes; halfway houses; orphanages; temporary shelters for abused children and for runaway children; long-term care facilities for chronically ill children; and juvenile detention centers. A long-term care facility is a hospital, skilled nursing facility, intermediate care facility, or distinct part thereof, which is intended for the care of children confined for 30 days or more; or
(d) With respect to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, nonprofit child care centers certified as such by the Governor of Puerto Rico.
School food authority means the governing body which is responsible for the administration of one or more schools and which has the legal authority to operate a nonprofit school food service therein or otherwise approved by FNS to operate the NSLP.
School year means the period of 12 months beginning July 1 of any calendar year and ending June 30 of the following calendar year.
Secretary means the Secretary of Agriculture.
Section 4(a) means section 4(a) of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973, as amended (7 U.S.C. 612c note). Section 4(a) authorizes the purchase of foods for distribution to maintain the traditional level of assistance for food assistance programs as are authorized by law, including institutions, supplemental feeding programs, disaster areas, summer camps for children, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and Indians whenever a tribal organization requests distribution of federally-donated foods under section 4(b) of the Food Stamp Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)).
Section 6 means section 6 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1755). Section 6 authorizes the purchase of foods for distribution to schools and institutions participating in child nutrition programs under the National School Lunch Act and specifies the level of assistance which is to be provided.
Section 14 means section 14 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1762a). Section 14 authorizes the purchase of foods for distribution to maintain the annually programmed level of assistance for programs carried on under the National School Lunch Act, the Child Nutrition Act of 1966, and title III of the Older Americans Act of 1965.
Section 32 means section 32 of Pub. L. 74-320, as amended (7 U.S.C. 612c). Section 32 authorizes the Department to purchase nonbasic perishable foods available under surplus-removal operations, for the purpose of encouraging the domestic consumption of such foods by diverting them from the normal channels of trade or commerce.
Section 311 means Section 311 of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3030a), which authorizes State Agencies on Aging under Title III of that Act, and any Title VI grantee (Indian Tribal Organization) under that Act, to receive all, or part, of their NSIP grant as donated foods.
Section 416 means section 416 of the Agricultural Act of 1949, as amended (7 U.S.C. 1431). Section 416 authorizes the Department to donate basic nonperishable foods acquired through Federal price-support operations for use by needy persons, for use in nonprofit school lunch programs and nonprofit summer camps for children, and for use in charitable institutions to the extent that needy persons are served.
Section 709 means section 709 of the Food and Agricultural Act of 1965, as amended (7 U.S.C. 1446a-1). Section 709 authorizes the purchase of adequate supplies of dairy products to meet the requirements of schools, domestic relief distribution, and other programs authorized by law when the stocks of the Commodity Credit Corporation are insufficient to meet those requirements.
Service institutions means recipient agencies that participate in SFSP.
SFSP means the Summer Food Service Program, 7 CFR part 225.
Single inventory management means the commingling in storage of donated foods and foods from other sources, and the maintenance of a single inventory record of such commingled foods.
Similar replacement means replacement of lost donated foods with a quantity of similiar foods of U.S. origin of the same types as those normally donated by the Department and of at least equal monetary value to the Department's cost of replacing the lost foods. Such replacement shall be subject to the approval of the FNSRO.
Situation of distress means (a) A hurricane, tornado, storm, flood, high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, drought, fire, explosion, or other natural catastrophe not declared by the President to be a disaster, but which, in the judgment of the distributing agency, warrants the use of USDA commodities for congregate feeding; and
(b) Any other situation not declared by the President to be a disaster, but which, in the judgment of FNS, warrants the use of USDA commodities for congregate feeding or household distribution.
State and United States means any one of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
State Agency on Aging means:
(a) The State agency that has been designated by the Governor and approved by DHHS to administer the Nutrition Services Incentive Program; or
(b) The Indian Tribal Organization that has been approved by DHHS to administer the Nutrition Services Incentive Program.
Storage facility means an operation that provides warehousing services, or provides both warehousing and delivery services.
Subdistributing agency means an agency performing one or more distribution functions for a distributing agency other than, or in addition to, functions normally performed by common carriers or warehousemen. A subdistributing agency may also be a recipient agency. State and local agencies, and Indian Tribal Organizations administering the Emergency Food Assistance Program, the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations, or the Commodity Supplemental Food Program, are subdistributing agencies subject to all provisions relative to subdistributing agencies contained in this part, unless specifically exempt under part 251, part 253, part 254, or part 247 of this chapter.
Substituted food means domestically produced food that is purchased or manufactured by a processor and is substituted for donated food.
(a) The replacement of donated foods with like quantities of domestically produced commercial foods of the same generic identity and of equal or better quality (i.e. cheddar cheese for cheddar cheese, nonfat dry milk for nonfat dry milk, etc.).
(b) In the case of donated nonfat dry milk, substitution as defined under (a) of this definition or replacement with an equivalent amount, based on milk solids content, of domestically produced concentrated skim milk.
(c) A processor can substitute commercial product for donated commodity, as described in paragraph (a) of this section, without restrictions under full substitution. The processor must return to the contracting agency, in finished end products, the same number of pounds of commodity that the processor originally received for processing under full substitution. This is the 100-percent yield requirement.
(d) A processor can substitute commercial product for donated commodity product, as described in paragraph (a) of this section, with some restrictions under limited substitution. Restrictions include, but are not limited to, the prohibition against substituting for backhauled poultry commodity product. FNS may also prohibit substitution of certain types of the same generic commodity. (For example, FNS may decide to permit substitution for bulk chicken but not for canned chicken.)
Summer camp means a nonprofit or public camp for children aged 18 and under.
Welfare agency means a public (Federal, State or local) or private agency offering assistance on a charitable or welfare basis to needy persons, who are not residents of an institution, and to Tribal councils designated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.