- Section 5 Proceedings
Clause 1 Authority
Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide.
Clause 2 Rules
Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member.
Rules, Punishments, and Expulsions
- Congressional Proceedings and the Rulemaking Clause
Punishments and Expulsions from Congress
- Overview of the Expulsion Clause
- Historical Background of the Expulsion Clause
- Judicial Interpretations of the Expulsion Clause
- Misconduct That Occurred in Office
- Misconduct Occurring Prior to Election or Reelection
- House of Representatives Treatment of Prior Misconduct
- Senate Treatment of Prior Misconduct
- Rules, Punishments, and Expulsions
Clause 3 Records
Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered on the Journal.
Clause 4 Sessions
Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.