Conn. Agencies Regs. § 19-13-D6 - Homes for the aged and rest homes

(a) Definitions. as used in this section.
(1) "Administration of medication" means the direct application of a medication by inhalation, ingestion or any other means to the body of a person;
(2) "Advanced practice registered nurse" means an individual licensed pursuant to subsection (b) of section 20-94a of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(3) "Authorized prescriber" means a physician, dentist, physician assistant or advanced practice registered nurse;
(4) "Certification" means written authorization issued by the Connecticut League For Nursing or other department approved certifying organization to a person to administer medications.
(5) "Certified unlicensed personnel" means any program staff person who has completed a training program and successfully completed a written examination and practicum administered by the Connecticut League For Nursing or other department approved certifying organization;
(6) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Public Health or the Commissioner's designated representative;
(7) "Continuing education" means attendance at classes, seminars, workshops, conferences or forums, or other documented activities that improve one's knowledge, skills and abilities;
(8) "Department" means the Department of Public Health or any duly authorized representative thereof;
(9) "Medication" means any medicinal preparation including controlled substances, as defined in section 21a-240 of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(10) "Medication error" means failure to administer medication to a person, or failure to administer medication within one (1) hour of the time designated by the prescribing practitioner, or failure to administer the specific medication prescribed for a person, or failure to administer the medication by the correct route, or failure to administer the medication according to generally accepted medical practices, or failure to administer the correct dosage of medication;
(11) "Physician" means a doctor of medicine or osteopathy licensed to practice medicine in this or another state;
(12) "Physician assistant" means an individual licensed pursuant to section 20-12b of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(13) "Program staff" means those persons responsible for the direct care of the residents;
(14) "Registered nurse" means a person with a license to practice as a registered nurse in Connecticut in accordance with chapter 378 of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(15) "Registered pharmacist" means a person with a license to practice as a registered pharmacist in Connecticut in accordance with Section 20-590 of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(16) "Resident" means any person receiving care in the residential care home;
(17) "Residential Care Home" means an institution that is licensed pursuant to section 19a-490(c) of the Connecticut General Statutes having facilities and all necessary personnel to furnish food, shelter and laundry for two or more persons unrelated to the proprietor and in addition, providing services of a personal nature which do not require the training or skills of a licensed nurse. Additional services of a personal nature may include assistance with bathing, help with dressing, preparation of special diets and supervision over medications which are self-administered, or the administration of medications pursuant to subsection 19-13-D6(m)(2) of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies;
(18) "Significant medication error" means a medication error, which is potentially serious or has serious consequences for a resident, such as, but not limited to, the administration of medication by the wrong route; for which the resident has a known allergy; which was given in a lethal or toxic dosage; or which causes serious medical problems resulting from the error; and
(19) "Staff" means personnel including volunteers who provide a service at a residential care home.
(b) Physical plant. A. General. Newly constructed facilities shall contain all the elements described herein and shall be built in accordance with the construction requirements outlined. Should there be a change of ownership of the facility, these standards shall be applicable insofar as existing structures physically permit. New additions and renovations to existing facilities shall be built in accordance with these standards. A safe, sanitary, and comfortable environment is a basic requirement for residents in the facility. If day care programs are to be incorporated in this building, additional supportive facilities shall be provided to accommodate the program. At no time shall any program reduce the minimum services required for this licensed facility.
(1) Site.
(a) The site shall be away from nuisances or foreseeable future nuisances detrimental to the proposed project's program, such as industrial development, or other types of facilities that produce noise, air pollution or foreign odors.
(b) No facility of more than one-hundred and twenty (120) beds shall be constructed without public water and sanitary sewers.
(c) The building shall be of sound construction and provide an adequate maintenance program to ensure that the interior, the exterior and the grounds of the building are clean and orderly. All essential mechanical, plumbing, and electrical equipment for resident accommodations shall be in accordance with the requirements of the state department of health.
(d) All plans and specifications for new construction and/or alterations shall be submitted to and approved by the state department of health prior to the start of construction.
(e) Roads and walks shall be provided within the property lines to the main entrance and for service, including loading and unloading space for delivery trucks. Adequate off-street paved and lined parking stalls shall be provided at the ratio of one for each three residents.
(f) There shall be open outdoor area adjacent to the facility with a minimum of one-hundred (100) square feet per resident. This area shall consist of lawn and plantings and shall not be obstructed by other structures or paved parking areas, roads or sidewalks.
(2) Code.
(a) Every building hereafter constructed or converted for use, in whole or in part, as a home for aged and rest home shall comply with the requirements of the Basic Building Code, an prepared by the Public Works Department, State of Connecticut; except as such matters are otherwise provided in the rules and regulations authorized for promulgation under the provisions of the Basic Building Code.
(b) In addition to the state of Connecticut Basic Building Code, all homes for aged and rest homes must comply with the State of Connecticut Fire Safety Code, the National Fire Protection Association - 101 Life Safety Code, the State of Connecticut Labor Laws, local fire safety codes, zoning ordinances, and in cases where private water supply and/or sewerage is required, written approval of the local health officer and environmental health services division of the state of Connecticut department of health must be obtained. Only the most current code or regulation and the most stringent shall be used.
(3) Minimum services required.
(a) Lobby, with visitors' toilet rooms (to include facilities for each sex) and public telephone.
(b) Business or administration office.
(c) Resident rooms (see Sec. 19-13-D6(b), B.)
(d) Resident baths (see Sec. 19-13-D6(b), C.)
(e) Resident toilet rooms (see Sec. 19-13-D6(b), D.)
(f) Resident lounge or sitting room (see Sec. 19-13-D6(b), E.)
(g) Resident dining and recreation rooms (see Sec. 19-13-D6(b), F.)
(h) Resident recreation area (see Sec. 19-13-D6(b), G.)
(i) Dietary facilities (see Sec. 19-13-D6(b), H.)
(j) Central storage room (see Sec. 19-13-D6(b), I.)
(k) Laundry (see Sec. 19-13-D6(b), J.)
(l) Employees' facilities (see Sec. 19-13-D6(b), K.)
(m) Details of construction (see Sec. 19-13-D6(b), L.)
(n) Mechanical system (see Sec. 19-13-D6(b), M.)
(o) Electrical system (see Sec. 19-13-D6(b), N.)
(p) Emergency electric service (see Sec. 19-13-D6(b), O.)
(q) Provision for holding expired persons (adequately sized and ventilated space in unobjectionable location).
B. Resident rooms. Each resident room shall meet the following minimum requirements:
(1) Net minimum room clear floor area exclusive of closets, toilet rooms, lockers or wardrobes and vestibule shall be one-hundred and fifty (150) square feet in single rooms and one-hundred and twenty-five (125) square feet per bed in multi-bed rooms. Minimum dimensions of rooms shall not be less than eleven feet (11').
(2) No resident room shall be designed to permit more than two (2) beds.
(3) Windows. Sills shall not be higher than three feet (3') above the finished floor. Insulated window glass or approved storm windows shall be provided.
(4) The room furnishing for each resident room shall include a bed with a firm water-proof mattress, bedside stand, reading light, dresser or bureau with mirror and one (1) comfortable chair
(5) Each resident's wardrobe or closet shall have a minimum clear dimension of one foot-ten inches deep by one foot-eight inches wide (1'10" deep by 1'8" wide) with full length hanging space, clothes rod and shelf.
(6) All resident rooms shall open to a common corridor (sheltered path of egress) which leads directly to the outside.
(7) Doors shall be three feet (3') wide and swing into the room.
(8) Ceiling height shall not be less than eight feet (8') above the finished floor.
(9) A resident unit shall be twenty-five (25) beds or fraction thereof.
C. Resident baths. Resident baths shall have one (1) separate shower or one (1) separate bathtub for each eight (8) beds not individually served. There shall be at least one (1) separate bathtub and one (1) separate shower in each resident unit. Grab bars shall be provided at all bathing fixtures. Each bathtub or shower enclosure in a central bathing area shall provide space for the private use of the bathing fixture and for dressing. Showers in central bathing areas shall not be less than four (4) square feet without curbs. Soap dishes in showers and bathrooms shall be recessed.
D. Resident toilet rooms.
(1) A toilet room with lavatory shall be directly accessible from each resident room and from each central bathing area without going through the general corridor. One (1) toilet room may serve two (2) resident rooms but not more than four (4) beds.
(2) Grab bars shall be provided at all waterclosets.
(3) Doors to toilet rooms shall have a minimum clear width of three feet (3').
E. Resident lounge or sitting room. Each resident wing and/or floor shall contain at least one (1) lounge area of two-hundred and twenty-five (225) square feet or nine (9) square feet per resident, whichever is greater.
F. Resident dining and recreation rooms.
(1) The total area designed for combined residents' dining and recreation purposes shall not be less than thirty (30) square feet per resident bed. Additional space shall be provided for non-residents if they participate in day care programs.
(2) Areas appropriate for an activities program shall be provided which shall;
(a) be readily accessible to wheelchair visitors.
(b) be of sufficient size to accommodate equipment and permit unobstructed movement of residents and personnel responsible for instructing and supervising residents.
(c) have storage space to store equipment and supplies convenient or adjacent to the area or areas.
(d) have toilet and handwashing facilities readily accessible.
G. Resident recreation area.
(1) Recreation areas are required.
(2) Space for recreation, if separated from dining area, shall contain fifteen (15) square feet per resident. This space shall be provided in one area. Lobby area shall not be included in recreation space.
(3) Ten (10) square feet per resident shall be provided for outdoor porches or paved patio areas.
H. Dietary facilities. The food service shall include space and equipment for receiving, storage, preparation, assembling and serving food; cleaning or disposal of dishes and garbage and space for a food service office in a facility of fifty (50) beds or more. In addition, the following shall apply:
(1) Kitchens shall be centrally located, segregated from other areas and large enough to allow for adequate equipment to prepare and care for food properly.
(2) Floors shall be waterproof, greaseproof, smooth and resistant to heavy wear, with covered corners and wall junctions. There shall be floor drains located where the most cleaning is required as in the dishwashing machine room, near the cooking area, etc.
(3) All equipment and appliances shall be installed to permit thorough cleaning of the equipment, the floor and the walls around them.
(4) A commercial dishwashing machine shall be provided in any facility with twenty-five (25) or more beds. A commercial dishwashing machine shall be in a separate room or in an area separated from the main kitchen by a partition of five feet (5') minimum height. There shall be adequate openings for entrance and exit of carts. There shall be space for trucks with dirty dishes at the beginning of the counter. For facilities of less than twenty-five (25) beds, a dishwasher is still required.
(5) Outside ventilation openings shall be screened and provide at least ten (10) air changes per hour. A working ventilating fan is required. A strong exhaust fan in the hood over the range and steam equipment is required. The hood shall be a box type with straight sides and provided with a fire extinguishing system.
(6) Service pipes and lines in food cooking and preparation areas must be enclosed and insulated.
(7) A dining section within the kitchen area is prohibited.
(8) A hand washing sink with a soap dispenser shall be provided. Single service towels and a covered waste receptacle shall be provided in the kitchen area for the exclusive use of kitchen personnel.
(9) A janitor's closet shall be provided with a floor receptor or service sink, storage space for housekeeping equipment and supplies, and shall be located within the dietary department.
(10) Food service equipment shall be arranged for efficient, safe work flow, a separation of clean and contaminated functions and shall provide:
(a) Potwashing facilities.
(b) Refrigerated storage for at least a three-day supply of food.
(c) Dry storage for at least a three-day supply of food.
(d) Enclosed waste disposal facilities.
(e) A toilet room with lavatory conveniently accessible for dietary staff.
I. Central storage room.
(1) A central storage room of not less than ten (10) square feet per resident bed concentrated in one area shall be provided, including shelving.
(2) Storage should be located according to use and demand, but not in residents' rooms.
J. Laundry.
(1) This service, if provided, shall be used exclusively for laundry and shall be remote from resident and food service areas, be self-contained, and shall not be accessible through any other room. The design shall provide for the separation of clean and soiled functions and shall include:
(a) Basic mechanical services required for the installation of the laundry.
(b) A soiled linen room.
(c) A clean linen room separated from the soiled linen room.
(d) Linen cart storage space.
(e) A laundry processing room with equipment, including ironing, sufficient to process seven days' needs within the workweek.
(f) A janitor's closet with storage space for housekeeping supplies and equipment, and a floor receptor or service sink for the laundry area.
(g) Storage area for laundry supplies.
(2) If laundry is processed outside the facility, the facilities in subdivisions (e) (f) and (g) need not be provided although space shall be designed in the laundry area for future installation of these areas as needed.
(3) Each facility shall have a separate area easily accessible to the resident for a domestic type washer and dryer for residents' personal clothing and equipped for ironing. Coin-operated equipment shall not be provided.
(4) Facilities without city water or sanitary sewers shall not provide for commercial laundry processing on the well or leaching system serving the domestic needs of the facility.
K. Employees facilities.
(1) Toilet rooms. A separate room for each sex shall be provided for employees' use only. One (1) watercloset and one (1) lavatory shall be for each twenty (20) employees of each sex up to one hundred (100) employees, and one (1) water-closet and (1) lavatory for each additional twenty-five (25) employees over one-hundred (100) employees. Provide one (1) urinal for nine (9) or more males up to forty (40) employees.
(2) Locker rooms. Separate locker rooms for each sex shall be provided, with adequate segregated space for employees' clothing and personal effects. These lockers shall be installed in a completely divided area from the waterclosets and lavatories.
(3) Dining room. A separate dining room shall be provided for employee use in the amount of fifteen (15) square feet per employee dining at one time. This dining room shall not be included in the space requirement for any other area nor shall serve any other purpose.
L. Details of construction. A high degree of safety for the occupants in minimizing the incidence of accidents shall be provided. Hazards such as sharp corners shall be avoided. All details and finishes shall meet the following requirements:
(1) Corridors shall be at least six feet (6') wide.
(2) No door shall swing into the corridor.
(3) Handrails shall be provided on both sides of all corridors used by residents. They shall have ends rounded and returned to the walls, a clear distance of one and one-half inches (1 ½") between handrail and wall and a height of thirty-two inches to thirty-four inches (32" to 34") above the finished floor.
(4) Thresholds and expansion joint covers shall be flush with the finished floor.
(5) Such items as drinking fountains, telephone booths, and vending machines shall be located so as not to project into the required width of exit corridors.
(6) All doors to resident toilet rooms, bathrooms and shower rooms shall be equipped with hardware which will permit access in any emergency.
(7) All doors opening to corridors shall be swing-type. Alcoves and similar spaces which generally do not require doors are excluded from this requirement.
(8) Grab bars and accessories in resident toilet rooms, shower rooms, and bathrooms shall have sufficient strength and anchorage to sustain a load of two-hundred and fifty (250) pounds for five (5) minutes.
(9) If linen and refuse chutes are used, they shall be designed as follows:
(a) Service openings to chutes shall have approved Class "B," one and one-half (1 ½) hour fire rated doors.
(b) Service openings to chutes shall be located in a room or closet of not less than two (2) hour fire-resistive construction, and the entrance door to such room or closet shall be a Class "B," one and one-half (1 ½) hour fire rated door.
(c) Minimum diameter of gravity-type chutes shall be two feet (2') with wash-down device.
(d) Chutes shall terminate in or discharge directly into collection rooms separate from laundry or other services. Separate collection rooms shall be provided for refuse and linen. Such rooms shall be of not less than two (2) hour fire-resistive construction and the entrance door shall be a Class "B," one and one-half (1 ½) hour fire rated door with hardware as required by NFPA.
(e) Chutes shall extend at least four feet (4') above the roof and shall be covered by an explosive type hatch.
(f) Chutes shall be protected internally by automatic sprinklers. This will require a sprinkler-head at the top of the chute and, in addition, a sprinkler-head shall be installed within the chute at alternate floor levels in buildings over two (2) stories in height. The room into which the chute discharges shall also be protected by automatic sprinklers.
(10) Dumbwaiters, conveyors, and material handling systems shall not open into any corridor or exitway but shall open into a room enclosed by not less than two (2) hour fire-resistive construction. The entrance door to such room shall be a Class "B," one and one-half (1 ½) hour fire rated door.
(11) Janitor's closet. This room shall contain a floor receptor or service sink and storage space for housekeeping supplies and equipment. One (1) janitor's closet may serve a fifty (50) bed unit on each floor.
(12) Ceiling heights:
(a) Boiler room shall be not less than two feet - six inches (2' 6") above the main boiler header and connecting piping with adequate headroom under piping for maintenance and access.
(b) Storage rooms, residents' toilet rooms, and other minor rooms shall be not less than seven feet - eight inches (7' 8") above the finished floor.
(c) All other rooms and corridors shall be not less than eight feet (8') above the finished floor.
(13) Boiler rooms, food preparation centers, and laundries shall be insulated and ventilated to prevent any floor surface above from exceeding a temperature of ten degrees (10°) Fahrenheit above the ambient room temperature.
(14) Approved fire extinguishers shall be provided in recessed locations throughout the building not more than five feet (5') above the floor.
(15) For flame spread requirements, see the State of Connecticut Fire Safety Code.
(16) Floors generally shall be easily cleanable and shall have the wear resistance appropriate for the location involved. Floors in kitchens and related spaces shall be waterproof and greaseproof. In all areas where floors are subject to wetting, they shall have a non-slip finish.
(17) Adjacent dissimilar floor materials shall be flush with each other to provide an unbroken surface.
(18) Walls generally shall be washable and in the immediate area of plumbing fixtures, the finish shall be moistureproof Wall bases in dietary areas shall be free of spaces that can harbor insects.
(19) Ceilings generally shall be washable or easily cleanable. This requirement does not apply to boiler rooms, mechanical and building equipment rooms, shops and similar spaces.
(20) Ceilings shall be accoustically treated in corridors and resident occupied areas.
(21) All resident occupied rooms shall be provided with at least a one and three-quarter inch (1¾"), threequarter (¾) hour wood or metal door equal to "C" label construction with metal frame and positive latching.
(22) All operable windows shall be provided with screens.
M. Mechanical system.
(1) Elevators.
(a) At least one elevator shall be installed where one to fifty (1 to 50) resident beds are located on any floor other than the main entrance floor, or where resident facilities are located on a floor other than those containing resident beds.
(b) At least two (2) elevators shall be installed where fifty-one to one-hundred and fifty (51 to 150) resident beds are located on floors other than the main entrance floor, or where resident facilities are located on a floor other than those containing resident beds.
(c) At least three (3) elevators shall be installed where one-hundred and fifty to three-hundred and fifty (150 to 350) resident beds are located on floors other than the main entrance floor or where resident facilities are located on a floor other than those containing resident beds.
(d) For facilities with more than three-hundred and fifty (350) beds, the number of elevators shall be determined from a study of the facility plan and the estimated vertical transportation requirements.
(e) An elevator vestibule shall be provided on each floor meeting the requirements of two (2) hour fire-resistant construction with self-closing one and one-half (1 ½) hour fire rated doors held open by electro-magnetic hold open devices connected to an automatic alarm system.
(2) Steam and hot water systems.
(a) Boilers shall have the capacity, based upon the published Steel Boiler Institute or Institute of Boiler and Radiator Manufacturers' net ratings, to supply the normal requirements of all systems and equipment. If the licensed capacity of the facility exceeds one-hundred (100) beds, a second boiler shall be required.
(b) Boiler feed pumps, condensate return pumps, fuel oil pumps, and circulating pumps shall be connected and installed to provide standby service when any pump breaks down.
(c) Supply and return mains and risers of space heating and process steam systems shall be valved to isolate the various sections of each system. Each piece of equipment shall be valved at the supply and return end.
(d) Boilers' and smoke breeching stacks, all steam supply piping and high pressure steam return piping and hot water space heating supply and return piping shall be insulated.
(3) Air conditioning, heating and ventilating systems:
(a) A minimum temperature of seventy-five degrees Fahrenheit (75° F.) shall be provided for all occupied areas at winter design conditions.
(b) All air-supply and air-exhaust systems shall be mechanically operated. All fans serving exhaust systems shall be located at or near the point of discharge from the building.
(1) Outdoor ventilation air intakes, other than for individual room units, shall be located as far away as practicable but not less than twenty-five feet (25') from exhausts from any ventilating system or combustion equipment. The bottom of outdoor intakes serving central air systems shall be located as high as possible but not less than eight feet (8') above the ground level or, if installed through the roof, three feet (3') above roof level.
(2) The ventilation systems shall be designed and balanced to conform to accepted standards and/or applicable codes.
(3) Room supply air inlets, recirculation, and exhaust air outlets shall be located not less than three (3") inches above the floors.
(4) Corridors shall not be used to supply air to or exhaust air from any room. All interior rooms shall be mechanically ventilated.
(5) An approved fire damper shall be provided on each opening through each fire or smoke wall partition and on each opening through the floor of a vertical shaft.
(6) Cold air ducts shall be insulated where necessary to maintain the efficiency of the system or to minimize condensation problems.
(7) Exhaust hoods in food preparation centers shall have a minimum exhaust rate of one-hundred (100) cubic feet per minute per square foot of hood face area. All hoods over cooking ranges shall be equipped with fire extinguishing systems and heat-activated fan controls. Cleanout openings shall be provided every twenty feet (20') in horizontal exhaust duct systems serving hoods.
(8) Boiler rooms shall be provided with sufficient out-door air to maintain combustion rates of equipment and reasonable temperatures in the room and in adjoining areas.
(4) Plumbing and other piping systems.
(a) Plumbing fixtures.
(1) The material used for plumbing fixtures shall be of non-absorptive acid-resistant material.
(b) Water supply systems.
(1) Systems shall be designed to supply water to the fixtures and equipment on the upper floors at a minimum pressure of fifteen (15) pounds per square inch during maximum demand periods.
(2) Each water service main, branch main, riser and branch to a group of fixtures shall be valved. Stop valves shall be provided at each fixture.
(3) Hot, cold and chilled water piping and waste piping on which condensation or unnecessary heat loss may occur shall be insulated.
(4) Backflow preventers (vacuum breakers) shall be installed on hose bibbs and on all fixtures to which hoses or tubing can be attached such as janitors' sinks.
(5) Flush valves installed on plumbing fixtures shall be of a quiet operating type.
(6) Hot water distribution systems shall be arranged to provide hot water at each hot water outlet at all times.
(7) Plumbing fixtures which require hot water and which are intended for resident use shall be supplied with water which is controlled to provide a water temperature ranging between one-hundred and ten degrees to one-hundred and twenty degrees Fahrenheit (110° to 120° F.) at the fixture.
(c) Hot water heaters and tanks. The hot water heating equipment shall have sufficient capacity to supply the water at the temperatures and amounts as required.
(d) Drainage systems. Piping over food preparation centers, food serving facilities, food storage areas, and other critical areas shall be kept to a minimum and shall not be exposed. Special precautions shall be taken to protect these areas from possible leakage of or condensation from necessary overhead piping systems.
(c) Fire extinguishing systems. Automatic fire extinguishing systems shall be installed in areas such as: Central soiled linen holding rooms, maintenance shops, refuse collection rooms, bulk storage rooms, and adjacent corridors, attics accessible for storage, and refuse chutes. Storage rooms of less than one-hundred (100) square feet in area and spaces used for storage of non-hazardous materials are excluded from this requirement if construction is non-combustible.
N. Electrical system.
(1) Circuit breakers or fusible switches that provide disconnecting means and overcurrent protection for conductors connected to switchboards and distribution panelboards shall be enclosed or guarded to provide a dead-front type of assembly. The main switchboard shall be located in a separate enclosure accessible only to authorized persons. The switchboard shall be convenient for use, readily accessible for maintenance, clear of traffic lanes, and in a dry ventilated space free of corrosive fumes or gases. Overload protective devices shall be suitable for operating properly in the ambient temperature conditions.
(2) Lighting and appliance Panelboards shall be provided for the circuits on each floor. This requirement does not apply to emergency system circuits.
(3) All spaces occupied by people, machinery, and equipment within the building, and the approaches thereto, and parking lots shall have electric lighting.
(a) Residents' bedrooms shall have general lighting.
(b) One lighting fixture for general lighting shall be exclusively wired to a switch at the entrance to each resident room.
(c) A reading light shall be provided for each resident.
(d) Residents' reading lights shall not be switched at the door.
(e) All switches for control of lighting in resident areas shall be of the quiet operating type.
(4) Each resident bedroom shall have duplex receptacles at least eighteen inches (18") above the floor as follows: One on each side of the head of each bed, for parallel beds. Only one duplex receptacle is required between beds, and one on at least one other wall. Single receptacles for equipment, such as floor cleaning machines, shall be installed approximately fifty feet (50') apart in all corridors. Duplex receptacles for general use shall be installed approximately fifty feet (50') apart in all corridors and within twenty-five feet (25') of ends of corridors.
(5) A calling station shall be installed in each resident room to meet the following requirements: Each resident room shall be equipped with at least an audible call bell system connected to an annunciator panel in the manager's office and employees' sleeping area where there is staff twenty-four (24) hours a day. If the office is not staffed twenty-four (24) hours a day, the call system shall indicate the source of the call, both audibly and visually. In addition to activating the annunciator panel, the call bell shall turn on a light located directly over the door of the resident room. In lieu of this requirement, a telephone system may be used if the same functions are accomplished when the receiver is lifted.
(6) A manually-operated, electrically-supervised fire alarm system shall be installed in each facility. In multistory buildings, the signal shall be coded or otherwise arranged to indicate the location of the station operated. The fire alarm system should be connected to a municipal system, if possible. Pre-signal systems will not be permitted. In multi-story buildings, with more than twenty-five (25) residents, an annunciator panel shall be provided.
O. Emergency electric service.
(1) To provide electricity during an interruption of the normal electric supply that could affect the care and safety of the occupants, an emergency source of electricity shall be provided and connected to all circuits for lighting and power.
(2) The source of this emergency electric service shall be as follows:
(a) All emergency generating set, including the prime mover and generator, equipped with an automatic transfer switch, shall he located on the premises and shall be reserved exclusively for supplying the emergency electrical system. The emergency generator set shall be of sufficient kilowatt capacity to supply all lighting and power load demands of the emergency system and shall have an automatic transfer switch which will start the emergency generator within ten (10) seconds. The power factor rating of the generator shall be not less than eighty percent (80%). Where fuel is normally stored on the site, the storage capacity shall be sufficient for three (3) days operation of required emergency electric services. Where fuel is normally piped underground to the site from a utility distribution system, storage facilities on the site will not be required.
(3) Emergency electric service shall be provided to circuits as follows:
(a) Where electricity is the only source of power normally used for space heating, the emergency service shall provide for heating of all resident bedrooms and resident service areas such as dining rooms, day rooms and recreation areas. Emergency heating of resident bedrooms will not be required in areas where the home is supplied by at least two (2) utility service feeders, or a network distribution system fed by two (2) or more generating sources, with the feeders so routed, transfer switch connected, and protected that a fault any place between the sources and the facility will not likely cause an interruption of more than one of the service feeders.
(b) Where more than one (1) elevator is provided, at least one (1) shall be connected to the emergency electrical system.
P. If residents are housed in two (2) or more buildings not directly connected one with another, each such building shall be treated as a separate unit.
Q. Each resident room shall be numbered; the number, together with the licensed capacity of each room, shall be posted by each door. The census shall not exceed the number for which the license is issued, nor shall the number of residents in any room exceed the licensed capacity of that room.
R. The buildings, equipment and precautions taken to provide for the safety of residents and employees shall be approved by the state department of health. An annual certificate from the local fire marshal that fire precautionary measures meet his approval shall be submitted with the annual application for license.
S. The buildings, equipment and site shall be maintained in a good state of repair and shall be kept clean at all times.
(c) Administration.
(1) The proprietor or licensee of the residential care home shall be responsible for operation of the residential care home in compliance with these regulations.
(2) The proprietor or licensee of the residential care home shall be responsible for submitting every two years to the department an application for license and such reports as may be required.
(3) The licensee shall furnish, with his initial application, character references from three responsible people not related to him. He shall also furnish, every two years with his initial and each subsequent application, a certificate of physical and mental health signed by a physician.
(4) Sufficient capable personnel of good character and suitable temperament shall be employed to provide satisfactory care for the residents.
(A) The residential care home shall maintain records on file at the residential care home documenting that all new staff received an initial orientation prior to being allowed to work independently including, but not limited to, safety and emergency procedures for staff and residents, the policies and procedures of the residential care home, and resident rights. Such records shall be kept at the residential care home for not less than two (2) years after the termination of employment of the staff person or service as a volunteer.
(B) Continuing education for program staff shall be required for one (1) percent of the total annual hours worked (to a maximum of twelve (12) hours) per year. Such education shall include, but is not limited to, resident rights, behavioral management, personal care, nutrition and food safety, and health and safety in general.
(C) The licensee of the residential care home shall develop, implement and maintain a written plan for continuing education for program staff at the residential care home.
(D) The licensee shall have records of continuing education for each program staff member at the residential care home which is available to the department for review upon request. Such records shall be kept for not less than two (2) years after the termination of employment of an employee.
(5) The management, personnel, equipment, facilities, sanitation and maintenance of the home shall be such as reasonably to ensure the health, comfort and safety of the residents at all times.
(d) Medical supervision. In case of illness of a resident the licensee of the home or the person in charge is responsible for obtaining the services of a physician.
(e) Records. A record of each resident, to include the name, residence, age, sex, nearest relative, religion and other necessary information, shall be kept on forms approved by the state department of health.
(f) Dietary service.
(1) Adequate space, equipment and qualified personnel shall be provided to ensure proper selection, storage, preparation and serving of regular and special diets to residents at regularly scheduled hours.
(2) Menus shall be prepared, posted and filed and shall meet state department of health requirements for basic nutritional needs.
(3) The time scheduling of regular meals and snacks shall be approved by the state department of health.
(4) Methods of dishwashing and dish sanitizing, food handling and garbage disposal shall comply with section 19-13-B42.
(g) Recreation. Recreational activities shall be provided in homes for the aged. Space and equipment provided for recreational activities shall be approved by the state department of health.
(h) General conditions.
(1) Residents shall be admitted only on referral from a responsible source. No residents may be admitted on an emergency basis except in the event of a major disaster, in which case the state department of health shall be notified at the earliest possible time.
(2) Provisions for visiting hours shall be as liberal as may be consistent with good resident care. Personnel shall treat both residents and their visitors with courtesy and consideration at all times.
(3) Any accident, disaster or other unusual occurrence in the institution shall be reported within seventy-two hours to the state department of health.
(4) Proper heat, hot water, lighting and ventilation shall be maintained at all times.
(5) There shall be a system of communication sufficient to meet the needs of the institution and the requirements of the state department of health.
(6) Adequate housekeeping, laundry and maintenance services shall be provided.
(7) Licenses are not transferable and are in effect only for the operation of the institution as it is organized at the time the license is issued The state department of health shall be immediately notified if the licensee plans any structural changes, plans to sell the institution or plans to discontinue operation.
(8) When an institution changes ownership, the new licensee shall not only comply with all the requirements of these regulations but shall, in addition, comply with the requirements for new structures.
(9) Institutions caring for more than four persons shall comply with the state fire safety code. (Reg. 29-40-1 et seq.)
(10) The site of new institutions shall be approved by the state department of health.
(11) Private water supplies and/or sewerage if installed shall be in accordance with the state public health code (Reg. 19-13-A1 et seq.) and with written approval by the local director of health.
(12) All plans and specifications for new construction or alterations shall be submitted to the state department of health, the local fire marshal, the local building inspector, if any, and the local zoning authorities for approval before construction is undertaken.
(13) No person shall be admitted to or housed in the institution if such person is not under the direct supervision of the licensee.
(14) When a patient ceases to breathe and has no detectable pulse or blood pressure, the body shall be moved promptly to an otherwise unoccupied room in the same institution pending pronouncement of death by a physician who has personally viewed the body as required in section 7-62 of the General Statutes. The facility shall make available a room which will provide for the dignified holding of the body of the deceased person where it will not be exposed to the view of patients or visitors. The room so designated may be used for other purposes when not required for this purpose.
(i) Special Conditions.
(1) Egress passages from each resident floor of the institution shall be such that all occupants of the floor can safely travel to a place of safety outside the building.
(2) In combustible buildings the third floor above the basement shall not be converted to resident use after January 1, 1960, unless a passenger elevator is installed to serve each floor.
(j) Attendants required. At no time shall there be less than one attendant on duty for each twenty-five residents or fraction thereof from 7 a.m. to 10 p.m. and one attendant in residence for each twenty-five residents from 10 p.m. to 7 a.m.
(k) Classification of civil penalty violations for Homes for the Aged and Rest Homes. Any home for the aged and rest home as defined in Section 19a-521 Connecticut General Statutes found by the Commissioner of Health Services to be in violation of one of the following provisions of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies known as the Public Health Code shall be subject to the class of violation indicated below and penalties indicated in Section 19a-527 Connecticut General Statutes:
(1) A violation of any of the following provisions shall result in a Class A violation:
(A)19-13 -D6 (b) N (6);
(B) 19-13-D6 (b) R;
(C) 19-13-D6 (f) (4);
(2) A violation of any of the following provisions shall result in a Class B violation:
(A) 19-13-D6 (b) A (2) (b);
(B) 19-13-D6 (b) M (4) (b) (7);
(C) 19-13-D6 (b) O (1); (2);
(D) 19-13-D6 (c) (1); (4);
(E) 19-13-D6 (d) ;
(F) 19-13-D6 (f) (1);
(G) 19-13-D6 (h) (4);
(H) 19-13-D6 (i) (1); (2);
(I) 19-13-D6 (j).
(l) Exemption-No civil penalty shall be imposed for an existing structural condition not in conformance with the Public Health Code, which is authorized to continue to exist in accordance with provisions of Section 19-13-D6(b) A of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies.
(m) Administration of Medications.

Residents of licensed residential care homes may self administer medications, and may request assistance from staff with opening containers or packages and replacing lids. If the residential care home permits the administration of medications of any kind by unlicensed personnel, unlicensed personnel who administer medications in the residential care home must be certified and comply with all requirements of subsection (m) of this section and have written policies and procedures at the residential care home governing the administration of medications which shall include, but not be limited to, the types of medication that will be administered, resident responsibilities, staff responsibilities, proper storage of medication and record keeping. Said policies and procedures shall be available for review by the department during inspections or upon demand and shall reflect best practice. Except as provided in subsection (m) of this section, unlicensed personnel who have not been certified shall not administer medication. Only program staff persons who are eighteen (18) years of age shall administer any medication at the residential care home.

(1) Administration of Non Prescription Topical Medications Only
(A) Description

For the purposes of subsection (m) of this section, non-prescription topical medications are:

(i) ointments free of antibiotic, antifungal, or steroidal components;
(ii) medicated powders; and
(iii) gum or lip medications available without a prescription.
(B) Non Prescription Topical Medications Administration/Resident Permission Records

The written permission of the resident (or resident's conservator, guardian, or legal representative) shall be required prior to the administration of the non prescription topical medication(s) and a medication administration record shall be written in ink and kept on file at the residential care home for each resident administered a non prescription topical medication(s). The medication administration record and resident's permission shall become part of the resident's record when the course of medication has ended. Any medication administration error shall be documented in the record. This information shall include:

(i) the name of the resident;
(ii) the name of the medication;
(iii) the schedule and site of administration of the medication, as applicable, according to the manufacturer's directions;
(iv) the signature of the resident, or the name, address, telephone number, signature and relationship to the resident of the resident's conservator, guardian, or legal representative, authorizing the administration of the medication(s); and
(v) the name of the person who administered the non-prescription topical medication.
(C) Non Prescription Topical Medications/Labeling and Storage
(i) The medication shall be stored in the original container and shall contain the following information on the container or packaging indicating:
(I) the individual resident's name;
(II) the name of the medication; and
(III) directions for the medication's administration.
(ii) The medication shall be stored away from food and inaccessible to unauthorized persons.
(iii) Any expired medication shall be destroyed by the resident (or resident's conservator, guardian, or legal representative) or the program staff member in a safe manner.
(2) Administration of Medications Other Than Non Prescription Topical Medications
(A) Description

For the purposes of subsection (m) of this section, medications other than nonprescription topical medications are medications which are not described in subsection 19-13-D6(m)(1)(A) and are:

(i) oral medications
(ii) topical medications, including eye and ear preparations;
(iii) inhalant medications
(iv) injectable medications, by a pre-measured, commercially prepared syringe, to a resident with a diagnosed medical condition who may require emergency treatment.
(B) Training Requirements
(i) Prior to the administration of any medication by program staff members, the program staff members who are responsible for administering the medications shall first be trained by a registered pharmacist, physician, physician assistant, advanced practice registered nurse or registered nurse in the methods of administration of medications and shall have received written verification from the trainer which indicates that the trainee has completed a training program as required herein and shall have successfully complete a written examination and practicum administered by the Connecticut League For Nursing or other department approved certifying organization. If the residential care home permits the administration of medication by certified program staff, a program staff member trained and certified to administer medication by the route ordered by the authorized prescriber shall be present at all times whenever a resident has orders to receive medication.
(ii) The training in the administration of medications shall be documented and shall include, but not be limited to the following:
(I) objectives;
(II) a description of methods of administration including principles and techniques, application and installation of oral, topical, and inhalant medication, including the use of nebulization machines;
(III) techniques to encourage residents who are reluctant or noncompliant to take their medication and the importance of communicating this information to the prescriber;
(IV) demonstration of techniques by the trainer and return demonstration by participants, assuring that the trainee can accurately understand and interpret orders and carry them out correctly, including medications that are ordered PRN (as needed);
(V) recognition of side effects and appropriate follow up action;
(VI) avoidance of medication errors and the action to take if an error occurs, or if a dosage is missed or refused;
(VII) abbreviations commonly used;
(VIII) documentation including resident (or resident's conservator, guardian, or legal representative) permission, written orders from the authorized prescriber, and the record of administration;
(IX) safe handling, including receiving medication from a resident (or resident's conservator, guardian, or legal representative), safe disposal, and universal precautions; and
(X) proper storage including the storage of controlled substances in accordance with Section 21a-262-10 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies.
(iii) Injectable Medications

In addition to the above training, before a program staff member may administer injectable medications, he shall have completed a training program on the administration of injectable medications by a premeasured, commercially prepared syringe. The trainer who shall be a registered pharmacist, physician, physician assistant, advanced practice registered nurse or registered nurse, shall assure that the program staff member understands the indications, side effects, handling and methods of administration for injectable medication. Thereafter, on a yearly basis, program staff members shall have their skills and competency in the administration of injectable medication recertified by the Connecticut League For Nursing or other department approved certifying organization. Injectable medications shall only be given in emergency situations, by a premeasured commercially prepared syringe, unless a petition for special medication authorization is granted by the department.

(iv) The trainer shall provide the trainee with an outline of the curriculum content, which verifies that all mandated requirements have been included in the training program. A copy of said outline shall be on file at the residential care home where the trainee is employed for department review. The department may require at any time that the licensee obtain the full curriculum from the trainer for review by the department.
(v) A program staff member currently certified by the State of Connecticut Department of Mental Retardation or other state agency to administer non-injectable medications shall be considered qualified to administer such medications at residential care homes.
(C) Certification
(i) In order to administer medication, unlicensed program staff shall be certified as applicable, in the administration of:
(I) oral, topical, and inhalant medications, or;
(II) oral, topical, inhalant, and pre-measured commercially prepared injectable medications.
(ii) Upon completion of training in the administration of medication and prior to the administration of any medication, program staff must successfully complete a written examination and practicum administered by the Connecticut League for Nursing or other Department approved certifying organization.
(iii) The written examination and practicum for oral, topical, and inhalant medications, shall include, but not be limited to the following:
(I) the elements in subsection 19-13-D6(m)(2)(B)(ii)(I) through 19-13-D6(m)(2)(B)(ii) (III), inclusive, and subsection 19-13-D6(m)(2)(B)(ii)(V) through 19-13-D6(m)(2)(B)(ii)(X), inclusive; The examination shall be graded PASS or FAIL. A numerical grade of at least 70% shall be considered passing; and
(II) the practicum shall consist of a return demonstration by the program staff person in which the program staff person shall complete three medication pour and passes which represent each route of administration; and shall demonstrate to a representative of the Connecticut League For Nursing or other Department approved certifying organization, that he can accurately understand and interpret orders of the authorized prescriber and carry them out correctly, including medications that are ordered PRN (as needed.)To pass the practicum for oral, topical, and inhalant medications, the program staff person must successfully complete each medication pour and pass with 100% accuracy.
(iv) The written examination and practicum for oral, topical, inhalant, and pre-measured commercially prepared injectable medications, shall include, but not be limited to the following:
(I) the elements in subsection 19-13-D6(m)(2)(B)(ii)(I) through 19-13-D6(m)(2)(B)(ii) ( III), inclusive, and subsection 19-13-D6(m)(2)(B)(ii)(V) through 19-13-D6(m)(2)(B)(ii)(X), inclusive, and subsection 19-13-D6(m) (2)(B)(iii).; The examination shall be graded PASS or FAIL. A numerical grade of at least 70% shall be considered passing; and
(II) the practicum shall consist of a return demonstration by the program staff person in which the program staff person shall complete three medication pour and passes which represent each route of administration and one demonstration using a premeasured commercially prepared injectable medication;and shall demonstrate to a representative of the Connecticut League For Nursing or other department approved certifying organization, that he can accurately understand and interpret orders of the authorized prescriber and carry them out correctly, including pre-measured commercially prepared injectable medications and medications that are ordered PRN (as needed.) To pass the practicum for oral, topical, inhalant, and pre-measured commercially prepared injectable medications, the program staff person must successfully complete each medication pour and pass with 100% accuracy; and one demonstration using a premeasured commercially prepared injectable medication with 100% accuracy.
(v) Upon completion of the written test and practicum, the Connecticut League For Nursing or other department approved certifying organization shall certify each program staff member who has demonstrated successful completion of the required written test and practicum for the administration of oral, topical, inhalant medications or for the administration of oral, topical, inhalant, pre-measured commercially prepared injectable medications Certification for the administration of oral, topical, inhalant medications shall be valid for three (3) years. Certification for the administration of injectable medications shall be valid for one (1) year. Certification shall be in writing. A copy of the certification shall be on file at the residential care home where the program staff member is employed and shall be available to department staff upon request.
(vi) Each individual who completes the required training program specified in subsection 19-13-D6(m)(2) (B)(ii), and where certification is sought in injectable medications, subsection 19-13-D6(m)(2)(B) (iii); and successfully completes a written examination and practicum as specified in subsection 19-13-D6(m)(2)(C) (iii) or subsection 19-13-D6(m)(2)(C)(iv), shall be given written certification authorizing him to administer medications to residents, as permitted in subsection (m) of this section. Written certification shall include:
(I) the full name, signature, title, license number, address and telephone number of the registered pharmacist, physician, physician assistant, advanced practice registered nurse or registered nurse who gave the written test and practicum;
(II) the location where and date(s) the test and practicum were given;
(III) a statement that the required curriculum areas listed in Section 19-13-D6(m)(2)(B)(ii) and Sec.19-13-D6(m)(2)(B) (iii) when applicable were successfully mastered, and indicating the route(s) of administration the program staff has been approved to administer;
(IV) the name, date of birth, address, and telephone number of the program staff member who successfully completed the test and practicum; and
(V) the expiration date of the approval.
(D) Order From An Authorized Prescriber and Resident's Permission
(i) No medication, prescription or non prescription, shall be administered to a resident without the written order of an authorized prescriber and the written permission of the resident (or resident's conservator, guardian, or legal representative). Permission shall be maintained on file at the residential care home.
(ii) The written order from an authorized prescriber shall contain the following information which may be on the prescription label or on supplemental reference information approved or provided by the prescriber or pharmacist;
(I) the name of the resident;
(II) the date the medication order was written;
(III) the medication or drug name, dose and method of administration;
(IV) the time the medication is to be administered;
(V) the date(s) the medication is to be started and ended as applicable;
(VI) relevant side effects;
(VII) notation if the medication is a controlled drug;
(VIII) a listing of any allergies, reactions to, or negative interactions with foods or drugs;
(IX) specific instructions from the authorized prescriber who orders the medication regarding how the medication is to be given; and
(X) the name, address and telephone number of the authorized prescriber ordering the drug.
(iii) If the authorized prescriber determines that the training of the program staff member is inadequate to safely administer medication to a particular resident, that authorized prescriber may order that such administration be performed by licensed medical personnel with the statutory authority to administer medications.
(iv) The program staff member shall administer medication only in accordance with the written order of the authorized prescriber. The resident (or resident's conservator, guardian, or legal representative) shall be notified of any medication administration errors immediately. The error and the notification of the error shall be documented in the record.
(E) Required Records
(ii) Individual written medication administration records for each resident shall be written in ink, reviewed prior to administering each dose of medication and maintained on file at the residential care home. The medication administration record shall become part of the resident's health record when the course of medication has ended.
(ii) The individual written administration record for each resident shall include:
(I) the name of the resident;
(II) the name of the medication or drug;
(III) the dosage ordered and method of administration;
(IV) the date, time, and dosage at each administration;
(V) the signature or initials in ink, or a secured computerized document indicating the program staff member giving the medication; and
(VI) any refusal by the resident in accepting the medication.
(iii) Medication administration errors shall be recorded in the individual written administration record of the resident. Significant medication errors shall be reported in writing within seventy-two hours to the department.
(F) Storage and Labeling
(i) Medication shall be stored in the original container. The container or packaging shall have a label, which includes the following information:
(I) the resident's name;
(II) the name of the medication;
(III) directions for the medication's administration; and
(IV) the date of the prescription.
(ii) Medications shall be stored in a locked area or a locked container, in a refrigerator in keeping with the label or manufacturer's directions, away from food and inaccessible to unauthorized personnel. External medications shall be stored separately from internal medications. Keys to the locked area or container shall be accessible only to personnel authorized to administer medication. Controlled drugs shall be stored in accordance with Section 21a-262-10 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies.
(iii) All expired medication, except for controlled drugs, shall be destroyed within one (1) week following the expiration date by flushing into sewerage or a septic system. The residential care home shall contact the Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection for direction
(iv) on the proper method of disposing of a controlled drug, and shall carry out the direction as required. The residential care home shall keep a written record of any medications destroyed.
(G) Petition for Special Medication Authorization
(i) The licensee of a residential care home may petition the department to administer medications to a resident by a modality which is not specifically permitted under these regulations by submitting a written application to the department, including the following information:
(I) a written order from an authorized prescriber containing the information for the specific resident set forth in subsection 19-13-D (6)(m)(2)(D) and a statement that the administration by the requested modality is the only reasonable means of providing medication;
(II) a written training plan including the full name, signature, title, license number, address and telephone number of the registered pharmacist, physician, physician assistant, advanced practice registered nurse or registered nurse who will provide the training, a detailed outline of the curriculum areas to be covered in training, and a written statement by the authorized prescriber that the proposed training is adequate to assure that the medication will be administered safely and appropriately to the particular resident;
(III) the name, date of birth, address and telephone number of the person(s) who shall participate in the training;
(IV) written permission from the resident (or resident's conservator, guardian, or legal representative); and
(V) such other information that the department deems necessary to evaluate the petition request.
(ii) After reviewing the submitted information, if the department determines that the proposed administration of medication for the particular resident can be provided in a manner to assure the health, safety and welfare of the resident, it may grant the petition. The department may grant the petition with any conditions or corrective measures, which the department deems necessary to assure the health, safety and welfare of the resident. The department will specify the curriculum that the training program shall cover and the expiration date of the authorization provided in granting the petition. If the department grants the petition, no medication may be administered until after the proposed training program has been successfully completed and a written approval from the registered pharmacist, physician, physician assistant, advanced practice registered nurse or registered nurse who provided the training is submitted to the department. The approval shall include:
(I) the full name, signature, title, license number, address and telephone number of the registered pharmacist, physician, physician assistant, advanced practice registered nurse or registered nurse who provided the training;
(II) the location and date(s) the training was given;
(III) a statement that the curriculum approved by the department was successfully mastered and stating the modality of administration of medication that the trainee has been approved to administer; and
(IV) the name, date of birth, address and telephone number of the person(s) who successfully completed the training.
(iii) Copies of all documentation required under this subsection shall be maintained at the residential care home. The requirements of subsection 19-13-D6(m)(2)(E) and 19-13-D6(m)(2)(F) shall apply to the administration of medication authorized by petition.
(3) Department Action

The Licensee shall comply with the policies and procedures adopted pursuant to subsection (m) of this section. Any failure to comply with such policies or procedures or any other provisions of this section shall constitute a Class B violation under Section 19a-527 of the Connecticut General Statutes.

Notes

Conn. Agencies Regs. § 19-13-D6

State regulations are updated quarterly; we currently have two versions available. Below is a comparison between our most recent version and the prior quarterly release. More comparison features will be added as we have more versions to compare.


No prior version found.