Sec. 591.20 - Definitions
§ 591.20. Definitions
"Applicant" means a physician or an individual acting on behalf of the physician who applies to the Department for a J-1 Visa Waiver.
"Board certified" means that a physician has taken and passed a medical specialty examination.
"Board eligible" means that a physician has completed the requirements for admission to a medical specialty board examination but has not taken and passed the examination.
"Calendar day" means all days in a month or prescribed time frame, including weekends and federal or State government declared holidays.
"Center" means the Center for Rural Health of the Illinois Department of Public Health.
"Certified local health department" means a county, multi-county, municipal or district public health agency recognized by the Department pursuant to the Certified Local Health Department Code.
"Change of ownership" means a change in the person who has operational control of a medical facility.
"Community-based organization" means a locally organized and locally recognized group of individuals whose goals include efforts to maintain or increase the availability of primary health care in its community.
"Community Health Center" or "CHC" means migrant health centers or community health centers or health care for the homeless programs or health care for residents of public housing supported under section 330 of the federal Public Health Service Act and Federally Qualified Health Centers, including Federally Qualified Health Center Look-Alikes, as designated by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, that operate at least one federally designated primary health care delivery site in Illinois.
"Country of nationality or country of last legal residence" means the country from which the physician was a national at the time J-1 status was acquired or the last foreign country in which the physician had a legal permanent residence before acquiring J-1 status.
"Curriculum vitae" means a written description of professional accomplishments, work experience, educational background and skills.
"Department" means the Illinois Department of Public Health.
"DHHS" means the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
"Federal fiscal year" means the 12-month period beginning October 1 and ending September 30 of the following year. The federal fiscal year may be divided into four calendar quarters: October 1 through December 31; January 1 through March 31; April 1 through June 30; and July 1 through September 30.
"Federally Qualified Health Center" or "FQHC" means a health center funded under section 330 of the Public Health Service Act.
"Federally Qualified Health Center Look-Alike" or "FQHC Look-Alike" means an organization that meets the requirements for receiving a grant under section 330 of the Public Health Service Act, but does not receive federal grants under that authority.
"Full time practice" means maintaining 40 hours of ambulatory access per week as required under the Act and the Code of Federal Regulations.
"H1B visa" means a visa for a foreign national to work in the U.S. for a temporary period, issued by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. It is available for employment in a specialty occupation, including, but not limited to, biotechnology, chemistry, architecture, engineering, mathematics, education, law, medicine and research.
"Health Professional Shortage Area" or "HPSA" means a designation provided by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, indicating a shortage of primary medical care or dental or mental health providers. The designation may be geographic (a county or service area), demographic (low-income population) or institutional (comprehensive health center, FQHC, or other public facility or non-profit facility). HPSA designations can be found at http://hpsafind.hrsa.gov [File Link Not Available]."Health professional shortage area score" or "HPSA score" means a score calculated by DHHS that is assigned to areas or facilities having a health professional shortage designation to determine priorities for assignment of clinicians.
"Hospital" means a location defined in and licensed under the Hospital Licensing Act.
"Hospitalist" means a physician whose primary focus is the medical care of hospitalized patients. The hospitalist's activities include patient care, teaching, research, and leadership related to hospital medicine.
"Intermediate care facilities for the developmentally disabled and long-term care for under age 22 facilities" means a location defined in and licensed under the ID/DD Community Care Act.
"J-1 visa" means a non-immigrant visa issued by the United States to exchange visitors participating in programs that promote cultural exchange, business training or medical education.
"J-1 visa waiver" or "waiver" means a federal action that waives the requirement for a foreign physician, in the U.S. on a J-1 visa, to return to his/her country of nationality or country of last legal residence for a two-year period following medical residency training.
"J-1 visa waiver flex option" means a waiver granted by the Department recommending that a physician work at a medical facility that is not specifically designated as underserved by DHHS.
"J-1 visa waiver program" or "Waiver program" means the administration of the waiver process by the Department.
"Labor certification" means the process of proving that there are no qualified U.S. workers for the position being offered by an employer.
"Long-term care facility" means a location defined in and licensed under the Nursing Home Care Act.
"Liquidated damages" means damages in an amount designated by the parties during the formation of a contract for the injured party to collect as compensation upon a specific breach.
"Medical facility" means a facility for the delivery of health services and includes:
A community health center;
A local health department;
An outpatient medical facility;
A community mental health center;
A State-operated facility providing care to persons with mental illness;
An ID/DD Community Care facility;
A long-term care facility;
A rehabilitation facility (either a distinct bed unit in a general acute care hospital or a specialty hospital);
A Migrant Health Center or an Indian Health Service facility;
An FQHC or FQHC Look-Alike;
A facility for delivery of health services to inmates in a U.S. penal or correctional institution (under section 323 of the Public Health Service Act) or a State correctional institution;
A Public Health Service medical facility (used in connection with the delivery of health service under section 320, 321, 322, 324, 325 or 326 of the Public Health Service Act) or any other federal medical facility;
A specialized mental health rehabilitation facility.
"Medically underserved area" or "MUA" means a location designated by DHHS based on the availability of primary care physicians, demographic characteristics, and health status of the residents of a service area. The designation is used to identify areas in need of additional health care services. MUAs can be found at http://bphc.hrsa.gov/databases/newmua [File Link Not Available].
"Medically underserved population" or "MUP" means a population group designated by DHHS, such as a group of area residents with incomes at or below twice the federal poverty level, as being in need of additional health care services. MUPs can be found at http://muafind.hrsa.gov/ [File Link Not Available].
"Metropolitan Statistical Area" or "MSA" means one or more adjacent counties that have at least one urban core area of at least 50,000 in population, plus adjacent territory that has a high degree of social and economic integration with the core as measured by commuting ties.
"National interest waiver" or "NIW" means an exemption from the labor certification process for foreign physicians who stay in the U.S. and work in an underserved area and whose stay is determined to be in the public interest by the Department. The waiver is issued by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security under section 5 of the Nursing Relief for Disadvantaged Areas Act of 1999.
"Non-compete" means an agreement between the physician and the medical facility under which the physician agrees not to enter into competition with the medical facility after employment ends.
"Null and void" means that a J-1 visa waiver application submitted to the Department has no legal force and is invalid.
"Physician" means a person licensed to practice medicine in all of its branches under the Medical Practice Act of 1987.
"Primary care" means health care that encompasses prevention services, basic diagnostic and treatment services, and support services such as laboratory, radiology, transportation and pharmacy. Primary care is comprehensive in nature and includes responsibility for coordination of other health and social services as they relate to patients' needs.
"Primary care physician" means a person licensed to practice medicine in all of its branches under the Medical Practice Act of 1987 with a specialty in family practice, internal medicine, pediatrics, or obstetrics/gynecology.
"Psychiatric physician" or "psychiatrist" means a person licensed to practice medicine in all of its branches under the Medical Practice Act of 1987 with a specialty in psychiatry.
"Rural" means any geographic area not located in a U.S. Bureau of the Census Metropolitan Statistical Area; or a county located within an MSA but having a population of 60,000 or less; or a geographic area located within an MSA but having a population of 2,500 or less.
"Service area" is the geographic area composed of the HPSA, MUA or MUP.
"Specialized mental health rehabilitation facility" means a location defined in and licensed under the Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Act of 2013.
"Specialist physician" or "Specialist" means a person licensed to practice medicine in all of its branches under the Medical Practice Act of 1987 with a specialty in an area other than primary care or psychiatry.
"Submission of application" or "Submission" means that a J-1 visa waiver application has been submitted to the Department. For purposes of this Part, submission means that the Department has received the application by the established submission deadline (see Section 591.110(a) and (b)). Submission does not mean that the application is postmarked by the established submission deadline but arrives at the Department on a later date.
"Unauthorized employment" means hiring a physician for employment that is beyond the terms and conditions of the physician's employment contract with the medical facility.
"Urban" means any geographic area that does not meet the definition of "rural" in this Section.(
Amended at 29 Ill. Reg. 3327, effective February 16, 2005Amended at 38 Ill. Reg. 23048, effective November 21, 2014)
The following state regulations pages link to this page.