Iowa Admin. Code r. 281-56.3 - Definitions

Current through Register Vol. 44, No. 20, April 6, 2022

For the purpose of this chapter, the indicated terms are defined as follows:

"Act" means the federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973 as amended and codified at 29 U.S.C. Section 701, et seq.

"Aggregate data" means information about one or more aspects of division job candidates, or from some specific subgroup of division job candidates, but from which personally identifiable information on any individual cannot be discerned.

"Applicant" means an individual who submits an application for vocational rehabilitation services; has completed a common intake application through a one-stop center requesting vocational rehabilitation services; has otherwise requested services from the designated state unit; or has provided information necessary to initiate an assessment to determine eligibility and priority for services; and is available to complete the assessment process.

"Appropriate modes of communication" means specialized aids and supports that enable an individual with a disability to comprehend and respond to information that is being communicated.

"Assessment for determining eligibility or in the development of an IPE" means a review of existing data and, to the extent necessary, the provision of appropriate assessment activities to obtain additional information to make a determination and to assign the priority for services assignment or development of an IPE.

"Assistive technology device" has the meaning given such term in Section 3 of the Assistive Technology Act of 1998 and means any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially or off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of an individual with a disability.

"Assistive technology service" has the meaning given such term in Section 3 of the Assistive Technology Act of 1998 and means any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device. Assistive technology services include:

1. Evaluating the needs of an individual with a disability, including a functional evaluation of the individual in the individual's customary environment;

2. Aiding an individual with a disability in purchasing, leasing, or otherwise providing for the acquisition of an assistive technology device;

3. Selecting, designing, fitting, customizing, adapting, applying, maintaining, repairing, or replacing assistive technology devices;

4. Coordinating and using other therapies, interventions, or services with assistive technology devices, such as those associated with existing education and rehabilitation plans and programs;

5. Providing training or technical assistance for an individual with a disability or, if appropriate, the family members, guardians, advocates, or authorized representatives of the individual; and

6. Providing training or technical assistance for professionals (including individuals providing education and rehabilitation services), employers, or others who provide services to, employ, or are otherwise substantially involved in the major life functions of individuals with disabilities, to the extent that training or technical assistance is necessary to the achievement of an employment outcome by an individual with disabilities.

"Benefits planning" means those counseling and planning services and supports needed for individuals who, due to their disabilities, are beneficiaries of social security or supplemental security income to enhance the financial ability of the individual to participate in work, plan for or avoid an overpayment, and address their unique disability needs on a job producing a product such as an impairment-related work expense (IRWE) or a program for achieving self-support (PASS).

"Case record" means the file of personally identifiable information, whether written or electronic in form, on an individual that is collected to carry out the purposes of the division as defined in the Act and the Social Security Act. This information remains a part of the case record and is subject to these rules even when temporarily physically removed, either in whole or in part, from the file folder in which it is normally kept.

"Community rehabilitation program" means any program or service, be it private for profit or nonprofit, that is an approved vendor of the Iowa department of human services' rehabilitation Medicaid providers and that demonstrates certification of quality services from nationally recognized bodies of oversight.

"Comparable services and benefits" means services and benefits that are provided or paid for in whole or in part by other federal, state, or local public agencies, by health insurance or by employee benefits; are available to the individual at the time needed to ensure the individual's progress toward achieving an employment outcome in accordance with the individual's IPE; and commensurate to the services that the individual would otherwise receive from the DSU. For purposes of this definition, comparable benefits do not include educational awards and scholarships based on merit.

"Competitive integrated employment" means work in the competitive labor market that:

1. Is performed on a full-time or part-time basis, including self-employment, in an integrated setting and for which the job candidate is compensated at a rate that:

* Shall not be less than the higher of the rate specified in Section 6(a)(1) of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 or the rate specified in the applicable state or local minimum wage law;

* Is not less than the customary rate paid by the employer for the same or similar work performed by other employees who are not individuals with disabilities and who are similarly situated in similar occupations by the same employer and who have similar training, experience, and skills; and

* Is eligible for the level of benefits provided to other employees;

2. Is at a location where the employee interacts with other persons who are not individuals with disabilities (not including supervisory personnel or individuals providing services to such employee) to the same extent that individuals who are not individuals with disabilities and who are in comparable positions interact with other persons; and

3. As appropriate, presents opportunities for advancement that are similar to those for other employees who are not individuals with disabilities who have similar positions.

"Competitive integrated work setting," with respect to the provision of services, means a setting, typically found in the community, in which applicants or eligible individuals interact with nondisabled individuals, other than nondisabled individuals who are providing services to those applicants or eligible individuals, and said interaction is consistent with the quality of interaction that would normally occur in the performance of work by the nondisabled coworkers.

"Customized employment" means competitive integrated employment, for an individual with a significant disability, that is based on an individualized determination of the strengths, needs, and interests of the individual with a significant disability; is designed to meet the specific abilities of the individual with a disability and the business needs of the employer; and is carried out through flexible strategies.

"Department" means the department of education.

"Designated representative" means anyone the job candidate designates to represent the job candidate's interests before and within the division. The term does not necessarily mean a legal representative. The designated representative may be a parent, guardian, friend, attorney, or other designated person.

"Designated state unit" or "DSU" means the division of vocational rehabilitation services.

"Division " means the division of vocational rehabilitation services of the department of education.

"Employment outcome" means, with respect to an individual, entering or retaining full-time or, if appropriate, part-time competitive employment in the integrated labor market; supported employment; or any other type of employment, including self-employment, telecommuting, or business ownership, that is consistent with an individual's strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, capabilities, interests, and informed choice, including satisfying the vocational outcome of customized employment.

"Extended services" means ongoing support services and other appropriate services that are needed to support and maintain an individual with a most significant disability in supported employment and that are:

1. Provided singly or in combination and are organized and made available in such a way as to assist an eligible individual in maintaining supported employment;

2. Organized or made available singly or in combination with other services for job maintenance;

3. Based on a determination of the needs of an eligible individual, as specified in the IPE;

4. Provided by an appropriate source after an individual has made the transition from support provided by the DSU; and

5. Provided to a youth with a most significant disability for no more than 48 months by the DSU when no other resource is available and not beyond the graduation date when the agreement with the department of human services applies, and until such time that the long-term funding is available.

"Family" means any individual who lives with the individual with a disability and has a vested interest in the welfare of that individual whether by marriage, birth, or choice. A family member is an individual who either (1) is a relative or guardian of an applicant or job candidate; or (2) lives in the same household as an applicant or job candidate and has a substantial interest in the well-being of the applicant or job candidate.

"Home modification" means the alteration of an already existing living unit to make it accessible or more accessible by a person with a disability who is involved with the independent living program or as necessary to achieve stable employment as part of an individualized plan for employment. The structural integrity and maintenance of the home is the responsibility of the owner. Home modifications are not provided to homes that are not structurally sound.

"Impartial hearing officer" or "IHO" means a person who is not an employee of the division; is not a member of the state rehabilitation advisory council; has not been involved previously in the vocational rehabilitation of the applicant or job candidate; has knowledge of the delivery of vocational rehabilitation services, the state plan and the federal and state rules and regulations governing the provision of such services; has received training in the performance of the duties of a hearing officer; and has no personal or financial interest that would be in conflict with the person's objectivity.

"Independent living services" or "IL services" means those items and services provided to individuals who have a significant physical, mental, or cognitive impairment and whose ability to function independently in the family or community or whose ability to obtain, maintain, or advance in employment is substantially limited, and for whom the delivery of IL services will improve their ability to function, continue functioning, or move toward functioning independently in the family or community or to continue in employment.

"Individualized plan for employment" or"IPE" means a plan that specifies the services needed by an eligible individual and the responsibilities of the individual with a disability and other payers and must include the financial obligation of the individual with a disability, the progress measurements, the expected employment outcome and the timeline for achievement of the expected employment outcome and all provisions required by federal regulations.

"Individual with a most significant disability" means an individual who is seriously limited in three or more functional capacities (such as mobility, communication, self-care, self-direction, interpersonal skills, work tolerance, or work skills) in terms of an employment outcome.

"Individual with a significant disability" means an individual who has a significant physical or mental impairment that seriously limits one or more functional capacities (such as mobility, communication, self-care, self-direction, interpersonal skills, work tolerance, or work skills) in terms of an employment outcome or who is a recipient of SSD/SSI due to the individual's disability.

"Institution of higher education" has the meaning given the term in Section 102(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965.

"Intensive services" means services only available and provided under an IPE. Intensive services do not include ancillary services, such as maintenance, transportation, benefits planning, reader, interpretation taker services, etc.

"Job candidate" means an applicant or eligible individual applying for or receiving benefits or services from any part of the division and shall include former job candidates of the division whose files or records are retained by the division.

"Job retention eligible candidate" means an individual who is at immediate risk of losing the individual's job and requires vocational rehabilitation services in order to maintain employment and thereby move directly into active status and bypass the waiting list only for those services that will allow the individual to maintain employment. After having received said service(s) or good(s), the job retention eligible individual will return to the waiting list until that point where the individual's priority of service is being served.

"Maintenance" means monetary support provided to a job candidate for expenses, such as food, shelter, and clothing, that are in excess of the normal expenses of the job candidate and that are necessitated by the job candidate's participation in the program.

"Mediation " means the act or process of using an independent third party to act as a mediator, intermediary, or conciliator to assist persons or parties in settling differences or disputes prior to pursuing formal administrative or other legal remedies.

"Menu of services " means the services provided by community partners to assist an individual with a disability in achieving an employment outcome. The services are selected and jointly agreed to by the counselor and job candidate of the division. Payments for services are made based on a fee structure that is published and updated annually, and there is no financial assessment toward the costs of these purchased services from a community rehabilitation program. The services include the following:

1. Assessment through discovery, community work-site assessment, comprehensive vocational evaluation, career exploration, or job shadowing assessment to identify a realistic vocational goal that is compatible with the individual's needs, preferences, abilities, disability, and informed choice;

2. Placement services selected by the counselor, job candidate and interested partners to prepare for and obtain employment. Placement services include the following:

* Vocational preparation, performed in a competitive integrated work environment, that enhances and improves the job candidate's ability to perform specific work, learn the necessary skills to do a specific job, minimize negative work habits and behaviors that have impeded job retention, develop skills in finding a job, and learn how to navigate transportation systems to and from work;

* Work adjustment training, performed in a competitive integrated work environment, that remedies negative work habits and behaviors, improves work tolerance, and develops strategies to improve a job candidate's ability to maintain employment;

* Job-seeking skills training that teaches the job candidate strategies necessary to find employment at the level required by the job candidate's needs;

* Job development and job follow-up that places the job candidate on a job in the community working for a business, maintains contact with the employer on the job candidate's progress, is jointly funded through the Medicaid waiver program when appropriate, and is purchased only when used in conjunction with another required service;

* Employer development that, through a job analysis, identifies for businesses the job tasks and customized training plan for the job for which the job candidate will be trained, is authorized only as a stand-alone service when the Medicaid waiver funds the job development and is purchased only when used in conjunction with another required service;

* Supported job coaching that assists the job candidate in learning job-specific skills and work habits and behaviors while employed on the job and that continues as needed after the division file is closed;

* Selected job coaching that assists the job candidate in learning job-specific skills and work habits and behaviors while employed on the job and that is purchased only when approved by the area office supervisor.

"Ongoing support services " means services that are written in the IPE; are needed to support and maintain individuals with the most significant disabilities in supported employment; are provided, at a minimum, twice monthly to make an assessment regarding the employment situation at the work site and coordinate provision of specific intensive services needed to maintain stability; are provided by skilled job trainers who accompany the individual for intensive job skill training at the work site; include social skills training, assessment and evaluation of progress, job development and retention, placement services, and follow-up services with the business and the individual's representatives; and facilitate development of natural supports or any other service(s) needed to maintain employment.

"Personal assistance services " means a range of services provided by one or more persons and designed to assist an individual with a disability to perform, on or off the job, daily living activities that the individual would typically perform if the individual did not have a disability. Such services shall be designed to increase the individual's control in life and ability to perform everyday activities on or off the job.

"Physical or mental impairment" means an impairment for which services are paid according to the department of human services' Medicaid or Medicare fee schedule and includes:

1. Any physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the following body systems: neurological, musculoskeletal, special sense organs, respiratory (including speech organs), cardiovascular, reproductive, digestive, genitourinary, hemic and lymphatic, skin, or endocrine; or

2. Any mental or psychological disorder such as an intellectual disability, organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness, or specific learning disabilities; or

3. Any impairment for which an individual has a documented history of receiving special education services in both elementary and secondary school.

"Physical or mental restoration services " means:

1. Corrective surgery or therapeutic treatment that is allowed under Medicaid or Medicare and is likely, within a reasonable period of time, to correct or modify substantially a stable or slowly progressive physical or mental impairment that constitutes a substantial impediment to employment;

2. Diagnosis and treatment of a physical, mental, or cognitive disorder by qualified personnel in accordance with state licensure laws and Medicaid requirements to include:

* Dentistry;

* Nursing services;

* Necessary hospitalization (either inpatient or outpatient) in connection with surgery or treatment and clinical services;

* Drugs and supplies;

* Prosthetic and orthotic devices;

* Eyeglasses and visual services, including visual training, and the examination and services necessary for the prescription and provision of eyeglasses, contact lenses, microscopic lenses, telescopic lenses, and other special visual aids prescribed by personnel that are qualified in accordance with state licensure laws;

* Podiatry;

* Physical therapy;

* Occupational therapy;

* Speech and hearing therapy;

* Mental health services;

* Special services for the treatment of individuals with end-stage renal disease, including transplantation, dialysis, artificial kidneys, and supplies; and

* Other medical or medically related rehabilitation services.

"Plan for natural supports" means a plan, designed prior to the implementation of the supported employment program, that describes the natural supports to be used on the job; the training provided to the supervisor and mentor on the job site; the technology used in the performance of the work; the rehabilitation strategies and trainings that will be taught to the mentor in order to support and direct the job candidate on the job; the supports to be provided outside of work for the job candidate to be successful; and the methods by which the employer can connect with the job candidate's job coach and training program when the need arises.

"Postemployment services" means services that are intended to ensure that the employment outcome remains consistent with the individual's unique strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, capabilities, interests, and informed choice. These services are available to meet the rehabilitation needs that do not require a complex and comprehensive provision of services and, thus, are limited in scope and duration.

"Potentially eligible " means students who may be in special education served under an individual education plan (IEP) or are considered to have a disability according to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1998 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1992. These individuals may receive preemployment transition services but are not considered eligible for intensive services nor have they applied for services when they are potentially eligible.

"Preemployment transition services" means services provided in accordance with Section 113 of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act to all students with disabilities who are in need of services and are eligible or potentially eligible for services. These services focus students and youth with disabilities on preparing for, securing, and retaining competitive integrated employment by using a variety of work-based learning strategies and work-readiness strategies combined with counseling and guidance as well as self-advocacy development. Preemployment transition services include the following:

1. Job exploration counseling;

2. Work-based learning experiences, which may include in-school or after-school opportunities, or experience outside the traditional school setting (including internships) that is provided in an integrated environment to the maximum extent possible;

3. Counseling on opportunities for enrollment in comprehensive transition or postsecondary educational programs at institutions of higher education;

4. Workplace-readiness training to develop social skills and independent living;

5. Instruction in self-advocacy, which may include peer mentoring;

6. Authorized activities to improve transition from secondary to postsecondary activities and employment outcomes; and

7. Coordinated and authorized activities to work with teachers, employers, and others interested in the transition of the student to enhance effective transition of the student with a disability from secondary to postsecondary activities and employment.

"Rehabilitation technology" means the systematic application of technologies, engineering methodologies, or scientific principles to meet the needs of, and address the barriers confronted by, individuals with disabilities in areas that include education, rehabilitation, employment, transportation, independent living, and recreation. The term includes rehabilitation engineering, assistive technology devices, and assistive technology services. For purposes of the rehabilitation services bureau of the DSU, the purposeful inclusion of rehabilitation technology in an IPE is for the purposes of preparing for, obtaining, maintaining, or advancing in employment.

"Residency requirement" is met by an individual who resides in the state of Iowa and is present and available for participation in a rehabilitation plan leading to competitive integrated employment.

"Satisfactory employment" means stable employment consistent with an individual's IPE and acceptable to both the individual and the employer.

"Self-employment services " means services specifically for the eligible individual who has an idea for ownership of a for-profit business, and includes technical assistance in developing proprietary skills and knowledge as well as financial assistance for business start-up that does not exceed $10,000 and requires a dollar-for-dollar match from the job candidate seeking self-employment.

"Status " means the existing condition or position of a case. The specific case statuses are as follows:

02-0 Referral/Applicant (individual requests services and signs the rights and responsibilities form);

04-0 Accepted for services (eligible), but does not meet waiting list categories being served;

08-0 Closed before acceptance (eligibility criteria cannot be met or case is closed for some other reason);

10-__Accepted for services (eligible); substatus:

10-1 Eligible individuals in secondary education;

12-0 IPE developed, awaiting start of services;

14-0 Counseling and guidance only (counselor works with job candidate directly to reach goals through counseling and placement);

16-0 Physical and mental restoration (when such services are the most significant services called for on the IPE);

18-__Training (when training is the most significant service called for on the IPE); substatuses are:

18-1 Training in a workshop/facility;

18-2 On-the-job training;

18-3 Vocational-technical training;

18-4 Academic training;

18-5 High school training;

18-6 Supported employment;

18-7 Other types of training not covered above (including nonsupported employment job coaching);

20-0 Ready for employment (IPE has been completed to extent possible);

22-0 Employed;

24-0 Service interrupted (IPE can no longer be continued for some reason, and no new IPE is readily obvious);

26-0 Closed rehabilitated (can only occur from Status 22-0 when job candidate has been employed in the job of closure for a minimum of 90 days);

28-0 Closed after IPE initiated (suitable employment cannot be achieved, or employment resulted without benefit of services from the division);

30-0 Closed before IPE initiated (can only occur from either Status 10-__or 12-0 when a suitable individualized plan for employment cannot be developed or achieved or when employment resulted without benefit of services from the division);

32-0 Postemployment services;

33-__Closed after postemployment services; substatuses are:

33-1 Individual is returned to suitable employment, or employment is otherwise stabilized;

33-2 Case reopened for comprehensive vocational rehabilitation services;

33-3 Situation has deteriorated to the point that further services would be of no benefit to individual;

38-0 Closed from Status 04-0 (individual does not meet one of the waiting list categories, and the individual no longer wants to remain on the waiting list or fails to respond when contacted because individual's name is at top of waiting list).

"Student with a disability" means an individual with a disability who is not younger than the age of 14 and is not older than the age of 21; and is eligible for, and receiving, special education or related services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; or is an individual with a disability for purposes of Section 504 and meets the age requirements.

"Substantial impediment to employment" means that a physical or mental impairment (in light of attendant medical, psychological, vocational, educational, communication, and other related factors) hinders an individual from preparing for, entering into, engaging in, or retaining competitive integrated employment consistent with the individual's abilities and capacities.

"Supported employment" means competitive integrated employment, including customized employment, or employment in an integrated work setting in which individuals are working on a short-term basis toward competitive integrated employment. Such employment is individualized and customized consistent with the strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, capabilities, interests, and informed choice of the individual for whom ongoing support services for individuals with the most significant disabilities is necessary.

"Supported employment services" means ongoing support services, including customized employment, that are needed to support and maintain an individual with a most significant disability in supported employment, are provided by the division and documented for no more than 24 months, except that period may be extended if necessary in order to achieve the employment outcome as identified in the IPE, are provided singly or in combination with other services, and are organized and made available in such a way as to assist an eligible individual to achieve an employment outcome within a 24-month period of time, which may be extended based on the needs of the individual.

"Transition services" means a coordinated set of activities provided to a student and designed within an outcome-oriented process that promotes movement from school to postschool activities. Postschool activities include postsecondary education, vocational training, integrated employment (including supported employment), continuing and adult education, adult services, independent living, and community participation. The coordinated set of activities must be based upon the individual student's needs, taking into account the student's preferences and interests, and must include instruction, community experiences, the development of employment and other postschool adult living objectives, and, if appropriate, acquisition of daily living skills and functional vocational evaluation. Transition services must promote or facilitate the achievement of the employment outcome identified in the student's IPE.

"Transportation " means travel and related expenses that are necessary to enable an applicant or eligible individual to participate in a vocational rehabilitation service.

"Vocational rehabilitation services" means those services identified under an IPE and provided to individuals who have applied for and been determined eligible for services by the DSU to enable individuals with disabilities, including individuals with the most significant disabilities, to pursue meaningful careers by securing gainful competitive integrated employment commensurate with their abilities and capabilities.

"Waiting list" means the listings of eligible individuals for vocational rehabilitation services who are not in a category being served, otherwise known as "order of selection" under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014.

"Workforce investment activities" means the provision of workforce development activities that creates linkages and systemic improvements so that individuals with disabilities are ensured an effective and meaningful participation in workforce innovation and opportunity activities.

"Youth with a disability" means an individual with a disability who is not younger than 14 years of age and not older than 24 years of age


Iowa Admin. Code r. 281-56.3
ARC 8806B, lAB 6/2/10, effective 7/7/10 Amended by IAB December 7, 2016/Volume XXXIX, Number 12, effective 1/11/2017

The following state regulations pages link to this page.

State regulations are updated quarterly; we currently have two versions available. Below is a comparison between our most recent version and the prior quarterly release. More comparison features will be added as we have more versions to compare.