The legal importance of the public land
survey corner makes mandatory the construction of lasting monuments and
accessories such that the greatest practicable permanence is secured. If it
were necessary to alter the condition of a public land survey corner, then
preserving the evidence of its original location is paramount. The public land
survey corner monument should be carefully reconstructed (rehabilitated) or
remonumented by such means as may be appropriate, without destroying the
evidence which served to identify its original position.
(a) If a public land survey corner monument
were to be rehabilitated only, then the monument shall primarily be restored as
closely to its original state as practicable.
If a public land survey corner monument
were to be replaced with a more durable monument (remonumentation), then the
following steps shall be performed:
recovery and verification of the public land survey corner monument and/or its
removal of the
public land survey corner monument and replacement with a monument conforming
to ARM 24.183.1101
(iii) placement and memorialization of the
replacement monument so that there is only one monumented position. Unless
local conditions are prohibitive, the public land survey corner monument being
replaced shall be buried upside down alongside the replacement monument; and
(iv) remonument according to the
procedures describing monumentation in the most current edition of the U.S.
Bureau of Land Management Manual of Surveying Instructions.
If a reference or accessory to
a public land survey corner monument were lost, obliterated, destroyed, or in
advanced stages of decay, then the following steps shall be performed:
(i) unless prohibitive, placement of a
reference or accessory conforming to material described in the most current
edition of the U.S. Bureau of Land Management Manual of Surveying
(ii) if practical,
placement of references and accessories far enough from the corner monument to
remain undisturbed if the corner monument itself were destroyed; and
(iii) marking of references and accessories
clearly distinguishing them from the corner monument.
If required by
MCA, a "PLSS Corner Record" form shall be completed pursuant to ARM
and filed with the
county clerk and recorder for the public land survey corner monuments and
accessories described in (1)(a), (b), and (c).