Or. Admin. R. 414-350-0210 - Meals and Snacks

(1) The provider shall provide or ensure the availability of adequate and nutritious meals and snacks appropriate for the ages and needs of the children served. USDA guidelines will be used to determine if meals and snacks are adequate and nutritious. Foods of minimal nutritional value (e.g., Jell-O, popcorn, desserts, potato chips) shall only be served occasionally and not replace nutritious foods.
(a) Every meal shall meet USDA guidelines and shall include at least one serving from each of the following food groups: fluid milk; breads and grains; meat, fish, poultry or meat alternatives (e.g., dried beans, peanut butter, yogurt or cheese). Each meal shall include two servings of fruits or vegetables. No liquids other than milk and 100% fruit juice shall be counted as part of the daily nutrition.
(b) Snacks shall meet USDA guidelines and shall consist of food or beverage from at least two of the following food groups: fluid milk, breads and grains; meat, fish, poultry or meat alternatives (e.g., dried beans, peanut butter, yogurt or cheese); vegetables and fruits. No liquids other than milk and 100% fruit juice shall be counted as part of the daily nutrition. A snack shall not consist of only two beverages.
(c) Nutrient concentrates and supplements (protein powders, liquid proteins, vitamins, minerals, and other nonfood substances) shall not be served to a child without a written statement of parental consent and written instructions from a medical practitioner. Special diets, not including vegetarian diets, shall not be served to a child without written instructions from a registered dietician or medical practitioner and written parental consent.
(2) Meals and snacks provided to children shall meet the following requirements:
(a) In certified family child care homes open morning through afternoon, lunch and morning and afternoon snacks shall be served to the children in care. If breakfast is served to all children, a midmorning snack is not required;
(b) School-age children arriving after school shall be served a snack;
(c) When the planned attendance is prior to 7 a.m. or after 6:30 p.m., a child shall be offered a complete meal if it is not provided by the parent(s); and
(d) There shall be no more than 3-1/2 hours between meals and snacks.
(3) Meals and snacks for children shall be:
(a) Prepared by the provider;
(b) Prepared by the parent of the child; or
(c) Prepared from a source approved by the Department of Human Services.
(4) When the parent of a child provides food for the child's meal:
(a) The provider shall be responsible for at least one serving of milk or a milk product to each child at meals;
(b) Each child's food shall be monitored daily by a caregiver to ensure that the food meets nutritional requirements as defined in section (1) of this rule; and
(c) The provider shall have sufficient food available to supplement any meal that does not meet nutritional requirements as defined in section (1) of this rule.
(5) Meals shall be served in a manner that supports safe and sanitary eating and allows socialization to occur.
(6) Nutrient concentrates and supplements shall not be served to a child without a written statement of consent from the parent and a medical practitioner. Special diets, not including vegetarian diets, shall not be served to a child without a written statement of consent from the parent and a registered dietician or medical practitioner.
(7) To serve family style meals, where food is brought to the table in larger quantities and served to the plates from the table, a certified home must have a written plan, approved by the environmental health specialist and CCLD, which includes at least the following elements:
(a) Provision for handwashing immediately prior to eating;
(b) Separate serving portions for each table, if more than one table is used;
(c) Serving utensils distinct from eating utensils;
(d) Provision for serving mildly ill children so as to prevent the spread of the illness;
(e) The discarding of any food brought to the table and not eaten; and
(f) Food brought to the table must be covered until a caregiver is seated with the children.
(8) A certified family child care home serving children under 12 months of age shall comply with the following requirements for those children:
(a) Each child shall be fed on his/her own feeding schedule.
(b) When formula is furnished by the provider, it shall be either the commercially prepared, iron-enriched, ready-to-feed type or shall be prepared from powder or concentrate and diluted according to manufacturers' instructions. When formula is prepared on site, the provider must have a written plan for mixing formula and sanitizing bottles and nipples. The plan must be approved in writing by the environmental health specialist.
(c) Formula, breast milk, and food provided by the parent shall be clearly marked with the child's name and refrigerated if required.
(d) No liquids, other than milk, formula, water, and 100 percent fruit juice, shall be served.
(e) Whole milk, skim milk, 1%, and 2% milk shall not be served unless requested in writing by the child's parent(s) and with a medical provider's written permission.
(f) Solid foods fed to infants shall be selected from the USDA Infant Food Chart.
(A) Solid foods shall not be fed to infants less than four months of age without parental consent.
(B) Solid food shall not be served directly from the container unless the child consumes the entire contents of the container or any remaining food in the container is discarded.
(C) If a portion of solid food from a container is placed in a clean, sanitized dish and served from the dish, any food remaining in the dish shall be discarded.
(D) Open containers of food, from which a portion has been removed, must immediately be refrigerated at 41 degrees F or less.
(E) Solid foods, with the exception of finger foods, shall be fed with a spoon.
(g) Honey or foods containing honey shall not be served; and
(h) Children who cannot feed themselves shall be held or, if able to sit alone, fed in an upright position.
(A) Infants up to six months of age shall be held or sitting up in a caregiver's lap for bottle feeding.
(B) Bottles shall never be propped. The child or a caregiver shall hold the bottle.
(C) Infants no longer being held for feeding shall be fed in a manner that provides safety and comfort.
(9) Children of any age shall not be laid down with a bottle.

Notes

Or. Admin. R. 414-350-0210
CSD 12-1988, f. 6-29-88, cert. ef. 7-1-88; CCD 1-1994, f. & cert. ef. 1-12-94; Renumbered from 412-010-0762; CCD 1-1995, f. 10-30-95, cert. ef. 11-1-95; CCD 3-2002, f. 10-14-02, cert. ef. 10-15-02; CCD 8-2003, f. 12-23-03, cert. ef. 12-28-03; CCD 4-2009(Temp), f. 12-30-09, cert. ef. 1-1-10 thru 6-30-10; Administrative correction 7-27-10; Reverted to CCD 8-2003, f. 12-23-03, cert. ef. 12-28-03; CCD 9-2010, f. 12-29-10, cert. ef. 1-1-11; ELD 10-2018, amend filed 10/16/2018, effective 10/16/2018; DELC 138-2023, amend filed 12/06/2023, effective 1/1/2024

Statutory/Other Authority: ORS 329A.260

Statutes/Other Implemented: ORS 329A.260, ORS 329A.280 & ORS 329A.290

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