The Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act contains provisions that are applicable to institutionalized persons which prohibit the government from imposing a substantial burden on prisoner's exercise of religion. The issue, in this case, is whether or not such provisions violate the Constitution's Establishment Clause, Spending Clause, or Commerce Clause.
Questions as Framed for the Court by the Parties
Whether Congress violated the Establishment Clause by enacting the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act, 42 U.S.C. § 2000cc-1 through § 2000cc-5, which requires state officials to lift unnecessary governmental burdens imposed on the religious exercise of institutionalized persons under their control.