10 U.S. Code § 1090. Identifying and treating drug and alcohol dependence

The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, shall prescribe regulations, implement procedures using each practical and available method, and provide necessary facilities to identify, treat, and rehabilitate members of the armed forces who are dependent on drugs or alcohol.

(Added Pub. L. 97–295, § 1(15)(A), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1290; amended Pub. L. 98–94, title XII, § 1268(7), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 706; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title V, § 553, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1567; Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, § 1704(b)(1), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2314.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)

1090

10:1071 (note).

Sept. 28, 1971, Pub. L. 92–129, § 501(a)(1), 85 Stat. 361.

The word “regulations” is added for consistency. The word “persons” is omitted as surplus.

Amendments

2002—Pub. L. 107–296 substituted “of Homeland Security” for “of Transportation”.

1990—Pub. L. 101–510 inserted “, and the Secretary of Transportation with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy,” after “Secretary of Defense”.

1983—Pub. L. 98–94 struck out “(a)” before “The Secretary of Defense”.

Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–296 effective on the date of transfer of the Coast Guard to the Department of Homeland Security, see section 1704(g) of Pub. L. 107–296, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.

Pilot Program on Opioid Management in the Military Health System

Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VII, § 716, Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1814, provided that:

“(a) Pilot Program.—
“(1)In general.—
Beginning not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 13, 2018], the Director of the Defense Health Agency shall implement a comprehensive pilot program to assess the feasability and advisability of mechanisms to minimize early exposure of beneficiaries under the TRICARE program to opioids and to prevent the progression of beneficiaries to misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
“(2)Opioid safety across continuum of care.—
The pilot program shall include elements to maximize opioid safety across the entire continuum of care consisting of patient, physician or dentist, and pharmacist.
“(b)Elements of Pilot Program.—The pilot program shall include the following:
“(1)
Identification of potential misuse or abuse of opioid medications in pharmacies of military treatment facilities, retail network pharmacies, and the home delivery pharmacy, and the transmission of alerts regarding such potential misuse or abuse of opioids to prescribing physicians and dentists.
“(2)
Direct engagement with, education for, and management of beneficiaries under the TRICARE program to help such beneficiaries avoid misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
“(3)
Proactive outreach by specialist pharmacists to beneficiaries under the TRICARE program when identifying potential misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
“(4)
Monitoring of beneficiaries under the TRICARE program through the use of predictive analytics to identify the potential for opioid abuse and addiction before beneficiaries begin an opioid prescription.
“(5)
Detection of fraud, waste, and abuse in connection with opioids.
“(c) Duration.—
“(1)In general.—
Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Director shall carry out the pilot program for a period of not more than three years.
“(2)Expansion.—
The Director may carry out the pilot program on a permanent basis if the Director determines that the mechanisms under the pilot program successfully reduce early opioid exposure in beneficiaries under the TRICARE program and prevent the progression of beneficiaries to misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
“(d) Report.—
“(1)In general.—
Not later than 180 days before completion of the pilot program, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the pilot program.
“(2)Elements.—The report required by paragraph (1) shall include the following:
“(A)
A description of the pilot program, including outcome measures developed to determine the overall effectiveness of the mechanisms under the pilot program.
“(B)
A description of the ability of the mechanisms under the pilot program to identify misuse and abuse of opioid medications among beneficiaries under the TRICARE program in each pharmacy venue of the pharmacy program of the military health system.
“(C)
A description of the impact of the use of predictive analytics to monitor beneficiaries under the TRICARE program in order to identify the potential for opioid abuse and addiction before beneficiaries begin an opioid prescription.
“(D)
A description of any reduction in the misuse or abuse of opioid medications among beneficiaries under the TRICARE program as a result of the pilot program.
“(e)TRICARE Program Defined.—
In this section, the term ‘TRICARE program’ has the meaning given that term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.”