Historical and Revision Notes
37:273 (less 1st and last provisos).
Oct. 12, 1949, ch. 681, § 403, 63 Stat. 820.
37:273 (1st proviso).
37:273 (last proviso).
In subsection (a), the words “Upon separation” are inserted for clarity. The words “his years of service * * * computed under section 1208 of this title” are substituted for the words “a number of years equal to the number of years of active service to which such member is entitled under the provisions of section 282 of this title”. The words “but not more than 12” are substituted for the words “but not to exceed a total of two years’ basic pay”, to simplify the necessary calculation. The substituted words produce the same result. The word “rating” is omitted as covered by the words “grade” and “rank”.
In clause (2)(A)–(D), the words “Twice the amount of monthly” are substituted for the words “An amount equal to two months’ ”. The words “if his name was not carried on that list” are substituted for the words “whichever is earlier”, since the member might be separated without ever being carried on the list. The word “rating” is omitted as surplusage.
In clause (2)(B), the words “the Secretary of the military department, or the Secretary of the Treasury, as the case may be, having jurisdiction over the armed force from which he is separated” are substituted for the words “the Secretary concerned” for clarity.
In clause (2)(C), the words “regular or reserve” are inserted, since they are the only “permanent” grades.
Clause (2)(D) is based on that part of the third proviso of 37:273 relating to promotions other than regular or reserve.
In subsection (b), the words “and a part of a year that is less than six months is disregarded” are inserted to reflect the legislative history of the rule (see Senate Hearings on H.R. 5007, 81st Cong., page 313). The words “for himself or his dependents” are omitted as surplusage.
2008—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 110–181, § 1646(a)(1), substituted “the member’s years of service computed under section 1208 of this title (subject to the minimum and maximum years of service provided for in subsection (c))” for “his years of service, but not more than 12, computed under section 1208 of this title”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 110–181, § 1646(a)(3), added subsec. (c). Former subsec. (c) redesignated (d).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 110–181, § 1646(b), designated existing provisions as par. (1), struck out “However, no deduction may be made from any death compensation to which his dependents become entitled after his death.” at end, and added pars. (2) and (3).
Pub. L. 110–181, § 1646(a)(2), redesignated subsec. (c) as (d).
2002—Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 107–296 substituted “Secretary of Homeland Security” for “Secretary of Transportation”.
2001—Subsec. (a)(2)(C), (D). Pub. L. 107–107 struck out “for promotion” after “physical examination”.
1989—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101–189 substituted “Department of Veterans Affairs” for “Veterans’ Administration”.
1980—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–513 substituted “Secretary of Transportation” for “Secretary of the Treasury”.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment
Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title XVI, § 1646(d), formerly § 1646(c), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 472, renumbered § 1646(d) by Pub. L. 110–389, title I, § 103(a)(1), Oct. 10, 2008, 122 Stat. 4148, provided that:
“The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 1161 of Title 38
, Veterans’ Benefits] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 28, 2008
], and shall apply with respect to members of the Armed Forces
separated from the Armed Forces
under chapter 61 of title 10, United States
Code, on or after that date.”
[Amendment by Pub. L. 110–389, § 103(a)(1), redesignating section 1646(c) as 1646(d) of Pub. L. 110–181, set out above, effective Jan. 28, 2008, as if included in the Wounded Warrior Act, title XVI of Pub. L. 110–181, to which such amendment relates, see section 103(b) of Pub. L. 110–389, set out as an Effective Date of 2008 Amendment note under section 1161 of Title 38, Veterans’ Benefits.]
Effective Date of 2001 Amendment
Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title V, § 593(b), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1126, provided that:
“The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to members separated under section 1203
of title 10
, United States
Code, on or after date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 28, 2001
Combat-Injured Veterans Tax Fairness
Pub. L. 114–292, Dec. 16, 2016, 130 Stat. 1500, provided that:
“SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
“This Act may be cited as the ‘Combat-Injured Veterans Tax Fairness Act of 2016’.
“SEC. 2. FINDINGS.“Congress makes the following findings:
Approximately 10,000 to 11,000 individuals are retired from service in the Armed Forces
for medical reasons each year.
Some of such individuals are separated from service in the Armed Forces
for combat-related injuries (as defined in section 104(b)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. 104(b)(3)
Congress has recognized the tremendous personal sacrifice of veterans with combat-related injuries by, among other things, specifically excluding from taxable income severance pay
received for combat-related injuries.
Since 1991, the Secretary of Defense has improperly withheld taxes from severance pay
for wounded veterans, thus denying them their due compensation and a significant benefit intended by Congress.
Many veterans owed redress are beyond the statutory period to file an amended tax return because they were not or are not aware that taxes were improperly withheld.
“SEC. 3. RESTORATION OF AMOUNTS IMPROPERLY WITHHELD FOR TAX PURPOSES FROM SEVERANCE PAYMENTS TO VETERANS WITH COMBAT-RELATED INJURIES.
“(a)In General.—Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 16, 2016], the Secretary of Defense shall—
“(A) the severance payments—
that the Secretary paid after January 17, 1991;
that were not considered gross income pursuant to section 104(a)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. 104(a)(4)
from which the Secretary withheld amounts for tax purposes; and
the individuals to whom such severance payments were made; and
“(2) with respect to each person identified under paragraph (1)(B), provide—
“(A) notice of—
the amount of severance payments in paragraph (1)(A) which were improperly withheld for tax purposes; and
such other information determined to be necessary by the Secretary of the Treasury to carry out the purposes of this section; and
instructions for filing amended tax returns to recover the amounts improperly withheld for tax purposes.
“(b) Extension of Limitation on Time for Credit or Refund.—
“(1)Period for filing claim.—
If a claim for credit or refund under section 6511(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. 6511(a)
] relates to a specified overpayment, the 3-year period of limitation prescribed by such subsection shall not expire before the date which is 1 year after the date the information return described in subsection (a)(2) is provided. The allowable amount of credit or refund of a specified overpayment shall be determined without regard to the amount of tax paid within the period provided in section 6511(b)(2) [26 U.S.C. 6511(b)(2)
For purposes of paragraph (1), the term ‘specified overpayment’ means an overpayment attributable to a severance payment described in subsection (a)(1).
“SEC. 4. REQUIREMENT THAT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE ENSURE AMOUNTS ARE NOT WITHHELD FOR TAX PURPOSES FROM SEVERANCE PAYMENTS NOT CONSIDERED GROSS INCOME.
“The Secretary of Defense shall take such actions as may be necessary to ensure that amounts are not withheld for tax purposes from severance payments made by the Secretary to individuals when such payments are not considered gross income pursuant to section 104(a)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. 104(a)(4)].
“SEC. 5. REPORT TO CONGRESS.
After completing the identification required by section 3(a) and not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 16, 2016
], the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress
a report on the actions taken by the Secretary to carry out this Act.
“(b)Contents.—The report submitted under subsection (a) shall include the following:
The number of individuals identified under section 3(a)(1)(B).
Of all the severance payments described in section 3(a)(1)(A), the aggregate amount that the Secretary withheld for tax purposes from such payments.
A description of the actions the Secretary plans to take to carry out section 4.
“(c)Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.—In this section, the term ‘appropriate committees of Congress’ means—
the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Veterans’ Affairs, and the Committee on Finance of the Senate; and
the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Veterans’ Affairs, and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives.”