References in Text
The date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016, referred to in subsec. (c)(1), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 114–92, which was approved Nov. 25, 2015.
2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–232 substituted “that translate into civilian occupations.” for “related to military training and skills that—
“(1) are acquired during service in the armed forces; and
“(2) translate into civilian occupations.”
2016—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 114–328, § 561(a), struck out “incident to the performance of their military duties” after “in the armed forces”.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 114–328, § 561(b)(1), substituted “meets one of the requirements specified in paragraph (2).” for “is accredited by an accreditation body that meets the requirements specified in paragraph (2).”
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 114–328, § 561(b)(2), added par. (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: “The requirements for accreditation bodies specified in this paragraph are requirements that an accreditation body—
“(A) be an independent body that has in place mechanisms to ensure objectivity and impartiality in its accreditation activities;
“(B) meet a recognized national or international standard that directs its policy and procedures regarding accreditation;
“(C) apply a recognized national or international certification standard in making its accreditation decisions regarding certification bodies and programs;
“(D) conduct on-site visits, as applicable, to verify the documents and records submitted by credentialing bodies for accreditation;
“(E) have in place policies and procedures to ensure due process when addressing complaints and appeals regarding its accreditation activities;
“(F) conduct regular training to ensure consistent and reliable decisions among reviewers conducting accreditations; and
“(G) meet such other criteria as the Secretary concerned considers appropriate in order to ensure quality in its accreditation activities.”
2015—Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 114–92 added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsecs. (c) and (d) as (d) and (e), respectively.
2014—Pub. L. 113–291 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section related to payment of certain expenses to obtain professional credentials.
Pilot Program on Earning by Special Operations Forces Medics of Credit Toward a Physician Assistant Degree
Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VII, § 735, Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1819, provided that:
The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs may conduct a pilot program to assess the feasibility and advisability of partnerships between special operations forces and institutions of higher education, and health care systems if determined appropriate by the Assistant Secretary for purposes of the pilot program, through which special operations forces medics earn credit toward the master’s degree of physician assistant for military operational work and training performed by the medics.
The Assistant Secretary shall conduct the pilot program for a period not to exceed five years.
Partnerships under subsection (a) shall permit medics participating in the pilot program to conduct clinical training at medical facilities of the Department of Defense and the civilian sector.
The evaluation of work and training performed by medics for which credits are earned under the pilot program shall comply with civilian clinical evaluation standards applicable to the awarding of the master’s degree of physician assistant.
“(1)Initial report.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 13, 2018], the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the pilot program that shall include the following:
A comprehensive framework for the military education to be provided to special operations forces medics under the pilot program, including courses of instruction at institutions of higher education and any health care systems participating in the pilot program.
Metrics to be used to assess the effectiveness of the pilot program.
A description of the mechanisms to be used by the Department
, medics, or both to cover the costs
of education received by medics under the pilot program through institutions of higher education or health care systems, including payment by the Department
in return for a military service commitment, tuition or other educational assistance by the Department
, use by medics of post-9/11 educational assistance available through the Department
of Veterans Affairs
, and any other mechanisms the Secretary considers appropriate for purposes of the pilot program.
“(2)Final report.—Not later than 180 days after completion of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit to the committees of Congress referred to in paragraph (1) a final report on the pilot program. The report shall include the following:
An evaluation of the pilot program using the metrics of assessment set forth pursuant to paragraph (1)(B).
An assessment of the utility of the funding mechanisms set forth pursuant to paragraph (1)(C).
An assessment of the effects of the pilot program on recruitment and retention of medics for special operations forces.
An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of extending one or more authorities for joint professional military education under chapter 107
of title 10, United States
Code, to warrant officers
or enlisted personnel, and if the Secretary considers the extension of any such authorities feasible and advisable, recommendations for legislative or administrative action to so extend such authorities.
“(f)Construction of Authorities.—Nothing in this section may be construed to—
authorize an officer
or employee of the Federal Government
to create, endorse, or otherwise incentivize a particular curriculum or degree track; or
require, direct, review, or control a State
or educational institution, or the instructional content, curriculum, and related activities of a State
or educational institution.”
Enhancement of Mechanisms To Correlate Skills and Training for Military Occupational Specialties With Skills and Training Required for Civilian Certifications and Licenses
Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title V, § 542, Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 762, provided that:
“(a)Improvement of Information Available to Members of the About Correlation.—
“(1)In general.—The Secretaries of the military departments, in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall, to the maximum extent practicable, make information on civilian credentialing opportunities available to members of the Armed Forces beginning with, and at every stage of, training of members for military occupational specialties, in order to permit members—
to evaluate the extent to which such training correlates with the skills and training required in connection with various civilian certifications and licenses; and
to assess the suitability of such training for obtaining or pursuing such civilian certifications and licenses.
“(2)Coordination with transition goals plans success program.—
Information shall be made available under paragraph (1) in a manner consistent with the Transition Goals Plans Success (GPS) program.
“(3)Types of information.—The information made available under paragraph (1) shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
Information on the civilian occupational equivalents of military occupational specialties (MOS).
Information on civilian license or certification requirements, including examination requirements.
Information on the availability and opportunities for use of educational benefits available to members of the Armed Forces
, as appropriate, corresponding training, or continuing education that leads to a certification exam in order to provide a pathway to credentialing opportunities.
“(4)Use and adaptation of certain programs.—
In making information available under paragraph (1), the Secretaries of the military departments
may use and adapt appropriate portions of the Credentialing Opportunities On-Line (COOL) programs of the Army
and the Navy
and the Credentialing and Educational Research Tool (CERT) of the Air Force.
“(b)Improvement of Access of Accredited Civilian Credentialing and Related Entities to Military Training Content.—
The Secretaries of the military departments
, in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense
for Personnel and Readiness
, shall, to the maximum extent practicable consistent with national security and privacy requirements, make available to entities specified in paragraph (2), upon request of such entities, information such as military course training curricula, syllabi, and materials, levels of military advancement attained, and professional skills developed.
“(2)Entities.—The entities specified in this paragraph are the following:
Civilian credentialing agencies.
Entities approved by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs
, or by State
approving agencies, for purposes of the use of educational assistance benefits under the laws administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs
The actions taken pursuant to paragraph (1) may include the establishment of a central repository of information on training and training materials provided members in connection with military occupational specialities that is readily accessible by entities specified in paragraph (2) in order to meet requests described in paragraph (1).”
Pilot Program on Receipt of Civilian Credentialing for Skills Required for Military Occupational Specialties
Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title V, § 558, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1418, as amended by Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title V, § 543, Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1737, provided that:
“(a)Pilot Program Required.—
Commencing not later than nine months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 31, 2011
], the Secretary of Defense
shall carry out a pilot program to assess the feasibility and advisability of permitting enlisted members
of the Armed Forces
to obtain civilian credentialing or licensing for skills required for military occupational specialties (MOS) or qualification for duty specialty codes.
“(b)Elements.—In carrying out the pilot program, the Secretary shall—
designate not less than three military occupational specialities or duty speciality codes for coverage under the pilot program;
consider utilizing industry-recognized certifications or licensing standards for civilian occupational skills comparable to the specialties or codes so designated; and
permit enlisted members
of the Armed Forces
to obtain the credentials or licenses required for the specialities or codes so designated through civilian credentialing or licensing entities, institutions, or bodies selected by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot program, whether concurrently with military training, at the completion of military training, or both.
The Secretary shall complete the pilot program by not later than five years after the date of the commencement of the pilot program.
“(d)Report.—Not later than one year after commencement of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the pilot program. The report shall set forth the following:
A description of the costs
incurred by the Department of Defense
in connection with the receipt by members of credentialing or licensing under the pilot program.
A comparison of the cost
associated with receipt by members of credentialing or licensing under the pilot program with the cost
of receipt of similar credentialing or licensing by recently-discharged veterans of the Armed Forces
under programs currently operated by the Department
of Veterans Affairs
and the Department of Labor
The recommendation of the Secretary as to the feasibility and advisability of expanding the pilot program to additional military occupational specialties or duty specialty codes, and, if such expansion is considered feasible and advisable, a list of the military occupational specialties and duty specialty codes recommended for inclusion in the expansion.”