References in Text
The date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016, referred to in subsec. (c)(1), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 114–92, which was approved Nov. 25, 2015.
2016—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 114–328, § 561(a), struck out “incident to the performance of their military duties” after “in the armed forces”.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 114–328, § 561(b)(1), substituted “meets one of the requirements specified in paragraph (2).” for “is accredited by an accreditation body that meets the requirements specified in paragraph (2).”
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 114–328, § 561(b)(2), added par. (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: “The requirements for accreditation bodies specified in this paragraph are requirements that an accreditation body—
“(A) be an independent body that has in place mechanisms to ensure objectivity and impartiality in its accreditation activities;
“(B) meet a recognized national or international standard that directs its policy and procedures regarding accreditation;
“(C) apply a recognized national or international certification standard in making its accreditation decisions regarding certification bodies and programs;
“(D) conduct on-site visits, as applicable, to verify the documents and records submitted by credentialing bodies for accreditation;
“(E) have in place policies and procedures to ensure due process when addressing complaints and appeals regarding its accreditation activities;
“(F) conduct regular training to ensure consistent and reliable decisions among reviewers conducting accreditations; and
“(G) meet such other criteria as the Secretary concerned considers appropriate in order to ensure quality in its accreditation activities.”
2015—Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 114–92 added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsecs. (c) and (d) as (d) and (e), respectively.
2014—Pub. L. 113–291 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section related to payment of certain expenses to obtain professional credentials.
Enhancement of Mechanisms To Correlate Skills and Training for Military Occupational Specialties With Skills and Training Required for Civilian Certifications and Licenses
Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title V, § 542, Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 762, provided that:
“(a) Improvement of Information Available to Members of the Armed Forces About Correlation.—
“(1)In general.—The Secretaries of the military departments, in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall, to the maximum extent practicable, make information on civilian credentialing opportunities available to members of the Armed Forces beginning with, and at every stage of, training of members for military occupational specialties, in order to permit members—
to evaluate the extent to which such training correlates with the skills and training required in connection with various civilian certifications and licenses; and
to assess the suitability of such training for obtaining or pursuing such civilian certifications and licenses.
“(2)Coordination with transition goals plans success program.—
Information shall be made available under paragraph (1) in a manner consistent with the Transition Goals Plans Success (GPS) program.
“(3)Types of information.—The information made available under paragraph (1) shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
Information on the civilian occupational equivalents of military occupational specialties (MOS).
Information on civilian license or certification requirements, including examination requirements.
Information on the availability and opportunities for use of educational benefits available to members of the Armed Forces, as appropriate, corresponding training, or continuing education that leads to a certification exam in order to provide a pathway to credentialing opportunities.
“(4)Use and adaptation of certain programs.—
In making information available under paragraph (1), the Secretaries of the military departments may use and adapt appropriate portions of the Credentialing Opportunities On-Line (COOL) programs of the Army and the Navy and the Credentialing and Educational Research Tool (CERT) of the Air Force.
“(b) Improvement of Access of Accredited Civilian Credentialing and Related Entities to Military Training Content.—
The Secretaries of the military departments, in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall, to the maximum extent practicable consistent with national security and privacy requirements, make available to entities specified in paragraph (2), upon request of such entities, information such as military course training curricula, syllabi, and materials, levels of military advancement attained, and professional skills developed.
“(2)Entities.—The entities specified in this paragraph are the following:
Civilian credentialing agencies.
Entities approved by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, or by State approving agencies, for purposes of the use of educational assistance benefits under the laws administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
The actions taken pursuant to paragraph (1) may include the establishment of a central repository of information on training and training materials provided members in connection with military occupational specialities that is readily accessible by entities specified in paragraph (2) in order to meet requests described in paragraph (1).”
Pilot Program on Receipt of Civilian Credentialing for Skills Required for Military Occupational Specialties
Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title V, § 558, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1418, as amended by Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title V, § 543, Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1737, provided that:
“(a)Pilot Program Required.—
Commencing not later than nine months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 31, 2011], the Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot program to assess the feasibility and advisability of permitting enlisted members of the Armed Forces to obtain civilian credentialing or licensing for skills required for military occupational specialties (MOS) or qualification for duty specialty codes.
“(b)Elements.—In carrying out the pilot program, the Secretary shall—
designate not less than three military occupational specialities or duty speciality codes for coverage under the pilot program;
consider utilizing industry-recognized certifications or licensing standards for civilian occupational skills comparable to the specialties or codes so designated; and
permit enlisted members of the Armed Forces to obtain the credentials or licenses required for the specialities or codes so designated through civilian credentialing or licensing entities, institutions, or bodies selected by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot program, whether concurrently with military training, at the completion of military training, or both.
The Secretary shall complete the pilot program by not later than five years after the date of the commencement of the pilot program.
“(d)Report.—Not later than one year after commencement of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the pilot program. The report shall set forth the following:
The number of enlisted members who participated in the pilot program.
A description of the costs incurred by the Department of Defense in connection with the receipt by members of credentialing or licensing under the pilot program.
A comparison of the cost associated with receipt by members of credentialing or licensing under the pilot program with the cost of receipt of similar credentialing or licensing by recently-discharged veterans of the Armed Forces under programs currently operated by the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Labor.
The recommendation of the Secretary as to the feasibility and advisability of expanding the pilot program to additional military occupational specialties or duty specialty codes, and, if such expansion is considered feasible and advisable, a list of the military occupational specialties and duty specialty codes recommended for inclusion in the expansion.”