Space situational awareness services and information: provision to non-United States Government entities
The Secretary of Defense may provide space situational awareness services and information to, and may obtain space situational awareness data and information from, non-United States Government entities in accordance with this section. Any such action may be taken only if the Secretary determines that such action is consistent with the national security interests of the United States.
(b)Eligible Entities.—The Secretary may provide services and information under subsection (a) to, and may obtain data and information under subsection (a) from, any non-United States Government entity, including any of the following:
A political subdivision of a State.
A United States commercial entity.
The government of a foreign country.
A foreign commercial entity.
(c)Agreement.—The Secretary may not provide space situational awareness services and information under subsection (a) to a non-United States Government entity unless that entity enters into an agreement with the Secretary under which the entity—
agrees to pay an amount that may be charged by the Secretary under subsection (d);
agrees not to transfer any data or technical information received under the agreement, including the analysis of data, to any other entity without the express approval of the Secretary; and
agrees to any other terms and conditions considered necessary by the Secretary.
As a condition of an agreement under subsection (c), the Secretary may (except as provided in paragraph (2)) require the non-United States Government entity entering into the agreement to pay to the Department of Defense such amounts as the Secretary determines appropriate to reimburse the Department for the costs to the Department of providing space situational awareness services or information under the agreement.
The Secretary may not require the government of a State, or of a political subdivision of a State, to pay any amount under paragraph (1).
(e)Crediting of Funds Received.—
(1) Funds received for the provision of space situational awareness services or information pursuant to an agreement under this section shall be credited, at the election of the Secretary, to the following:
The appropriation, fund, or account used in incurring the obligation.
An appropriate appropriation, fund, or account currently available for the purposes for which the expenditures were made.
Funds credited under paragraph (1) shall be merged with, and remain available for obligation with, the funds in the appropriation, fund, or account to which credited.
The Secretary shall establish procedures by which the authority under this section shall be carried out. As part of those procedures, the Secretary may allow space situational awareness services or information to be provided through a contractor of the Department of Defense.
The United States, any agencies and instrumentalities thereof, and any individuals, firms, corporations, and other persons acting for the United States, shall be immune from any suit in any court for any cause of action arising from the provision or receipt of space situational awareness services or information, whether or not provided in accordance with this section, or any related action or omission.
(h)Notice of Concerns of Disclosure of Information.—
If the Secretary determines that a commercial or foreign entity has declined or is reluctant to provide data or information to the Secretary in accordance with this section due to the concerns of such entity about the potential disclosure of such data or information, the Secretary shall, not later than 60 days after the Secretary makes that determination, provide notice to the congressional defense committees of the declination or reluctance of such entity.
(Added Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title IX
, § 913(a), Nov. 24, 2003
, 117 Stat. 1565
; amended Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title IX
, § 912, Oct. 17, 2006
, 120 Stat. 2355
; Pub. L. 110–417
, [div. A], title IX, § 911, Oct. 14, 2008
, 122 Stat. 4571
; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title IX
, § 912(a), Oct. 28, 2009
, 123 Stat. 2429
A prior section 2274, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 126, which related to procurement for experimental purposes, was repealed by Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VIII, § 821(a)(1), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1704.
2009—Pub. L. 111–84 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section related to space surveillance network: pilot program for provision of satellite tracking support to entities outside United States Government.
2008—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 110–417 substituted “September 30, 2010” for “September 30, 2009”.
2006—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 109–364 substituted “may be conducted through September 30, 2009” for “shall be conducted during the three-year period beginning on a date specified by the Secretary of Defense, which date shall be not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this section”.
Effective Date of 2009 Amendment
Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title IX, § 912(c), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2431, provided that:
“The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 2009, or the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 28, 2009], whichever is later.”
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