10 U.S. Code § 2367 - Use of federally funded research and development centers

§ 2367.
Use of federally funded research and development centers
(a)Limitation on Use of Centers.—
Except as provided in subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense may not place work with a federally funded research and development center unless such work is within the purpose, mission, and general scope of effort of such center as established in the sponsoring agreement of the Department of Defense with such center.
(b)Exception for Applied Scientific Research.—
This section does not apply to a federally funded research and development center that performs applied scientific research under laboratory conditions.
(c)Limitation on Creation of New Centers.—
(1) The head of an agency may not obligate or expend amounts appropriated to the Department of Defense for purposes of operating a federally funded research center that was not in existence before June 2, 1986, until—
(A)
the head of the agency submits to Congress a report with respect to such center that describes the purpose, mission, and general scope of effort of the center; and
(B)
a period of 60 days beginning on the date such report is received by Congress has elapsed.
(2)
In this subsection, the term “head of an agency” has the meaning given such term in section 2302(1) of this title.
(d)Identification to Congress of FFRDC Workload Effort.—
After the close of a fiscal year, and not later than January 1 of the next year, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives a report setting forth the actual obligations and the actual man-years of effort expended at each federally funded research and development center during that fiscal year.
(Added Pub. L. 99–500, § 101(c) [title X, § 912(a)(1)], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–82, 1783–146, and Pub. L. 99–591, § 101(c) [title X, § 912(a)(1)], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–82, 3341–146; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title IX, formerly title IV, § 912(a)(1), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3925, renumbered title IX, Pub. L. 100–26, § 3(5), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 273; amended Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title II, § 256(a)(1), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1330; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, § 1502(a)(9), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 503; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, § 1067(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, § 1041(a)(12), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2645.)
Codification

Pub. L. 99–591 is a corrected version of Pub. L. 99–500.

Pub. L. 99–500, Pub. L. 99–591, and Pub. L. 99–661 added identical sections.

Amendments

2002—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107–314, § 1041(a)(12), struck out designations for pars. (1) and (2) and text of par. (1). Prior to amendment par. (1) read as follows: “In the documents provided to Congress by the Secretary of Defense in support of the budget submitted by the President under section 1105 of title 31 for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall set forth the proposed amount of the man-years of effort to be funded by the Department of Defense for each federally funded research and development center for the fiscal year covered by that budget.”

1999—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 106–65 substituted “and the Committee on Armed Services” for “and the Committee on National Security”.

1996—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 104–106 substituted “the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on National Security and the Committee on Appropriations of the” for “the Committees on Armed Services and the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and”.

1991—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 102–190 added subsec. (d).

Effective Date of 1991 Amendment

Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title II, § 256(a)(2), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1330, provided that:

“(A)
Paragraph (1) of subsection (d) of section 2367 of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall take effect with respect to the budget submitted for fiscal year 1994.
“(B)
Paragraph (2) of such subsection shall take effect with respect to fiscal year 1992.”

Termination of Reporting Requirements

For termination, effective Dec. 31, 2021, of provisions in subsec. (d) of this section requiring submittal of annual report to Congress, see section 1061 of Pub. L. 114–328, set out as a note under section 111 of this title.

Pilot Program on Disclosure of Certain Sensitive Information to Federally Funded Research and Development Centers

Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title II, § 235, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2064, provided that:

“(a)In General.—The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot program on—
“(1)
permitting officers and employees of the Department of Defense to disclose sensitive information to federally funded research and development centers of the Department for the sole purpose of the performance of administrative, technical, or professional services under and within the scope of the contracts with the parent organizations of such federally funded research and development centers; and
“(2)
appropriately protecting proprietary information from unauthorized disclosure or use by such centers.
“(b)FFRDCs.—
The pilot program shall be carried out with one or more federally funded research and development centers of the Department selected by the Secretary for participation in the pilot program.
“(c)FFRDC Personnel.—
Sensitive information may be disclosed to personnel of a federally funded research and development center under the pilot program only if such personnel and contractors agree to be subject to, and comply with, appropriate ethics standards and requirements applicable to Government personnel, including the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 [5 U.S.C. App.], section 1905 of title 18, United States Code, and chapter 21 of title 41, United States Code.
“(d)Conditions on Disclosure.—Sensitive information may be disclosed under the pilot program only if the federally funded research and development center concerned and its parent organization agree to and acknowledge in the parent organization’s contract with the Department of Defense that—
“(1)
sensitive information furnished to the federally funded research and development center will be accessed and used only for the purposes stated in the contract between the parent organization of the federally funded research and development center and the Department of Defense;
“(2)
the federally funded research and development center will take all precautions necessary to prevent disclosure of the sensitive information furnished to anyone not authorized access to the information in order to perform the applicable contract;
“(3)
sensitive information furnished under the pilot program shall not be used by the federally funded research and development center or parent organization to compete against a third party for a Government or non-Government contract or funding, or to support other current or future research or technology development activities performed by the federally funded research and development center; and
“(4)
any personnel of a federally funded research and development center participating in the pilot program may not disclose or use any trade secrets or any nonpublic information accessed under the pilot program, unless specifically authorized by this section.
“(e)Duration.—
(1)
The pilot program may commence at any time after the review and issuance of policy guidance, updated appropriately, pertaining to the identification, mitigation, and prevention of potentially unfair competitive advantage conferred to federally funded research and development center personnel with access to sensitive information who serve as technical advisors to acquisition programs.
“(2)
The pilot program shall terminate on the date that is three years after the date of the commencement of the pilot program.
“(f)Assessment.—
Not later than two years after the commencement of the pilot program, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the pilot program, including an assessment of the effectiveness of activities under the pilot program in improving acquisition processes and the effectiveness of protections of private-sector intellectual property in the course of such activities.
“(g)Sensitive Information Defined.—
In this section, the term ‘sensitive information’ means confidential commercial, financial, or proprietary information, technical data, contract performance, contract performance evaluation, management, and administration data, or other privileged information owned by other contractors of the Department of Defense that is exempt from public disclosure under section 552(b)(4) of title 5, United States Code, or which would otherwise be prohibited from disclosure under section 1832 or 1905 of title 18, United States Code.”

GAO Study; Report

Pub. L. 99–500, § 101(c) [title X, § 912(b), (c)], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–82, 1783–146, Pub. L. 99–591, § 101(c) [title X, § 912(b), (c)], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–82, 3341–146, and Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title IX, formerly title IV, § 912(b), (c), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3926, renumbered title IX, Pub. L. 100–26, § 3(5), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 273, directed Comptroller General to conduct a study of national defense role of federally funded research and development centers and submit a report to Congress not later than one year after Oct. 18, 1986.

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.