10 U.S. Code § 2368 - Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership

§ 2368.
Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership
(a)Designation.—
(1)
The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall designate each science and technology reinvention laboratory as a Center for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership (in this section referred to as “Centers”) in the recognized core competencies of the designee.
(2)
The Secretary of Defense shall establish a policy to encourage the Secretary of each military department to reengineer management and business processes and adopt best-business and personnel practices at the Centers of the Secretary concerned in connection with the capability requirements of the Centers, so as to serve as recognized leaders in such capabilities throughout the Department of Defense and in the national technology and industrial base.
(3) The Secretary of Defense, acting through the directors of the Centers, may conduct one or more pilot programs, consistent with applicable requirements of law, to test any practices referred to in paragraph (2) that the Directors determine could—
(A)
improve the efficiency and effectiveness of operations at Centers;
(B)
improve the support provided by the Centers for the elements of the Department of Defense who use the services of the Centers; and
(C)
enhance capabilities by reducing the cost and improving the performance and efficiency of executing laboratory missions.
(b)Public-private Partnerships.—
(1) To achieve one or more objectives set forth in paragraph (2), the Secretary may authorize and establish incentives for the Director of a Center to enter into public-private cooperative arrangements (in this section referred to as a “public-private partnership”) to provide for any of the following:
(A) For employees of the Center, academia, private industry, State and local governments, or other entities outside the Department of Defense to perform (under contract, subcontract, or otherwise) work related to the capabilities of the Center, including any work that—
(i)
involves one or more capabilities of the Center; and
(ii)
may be applicable to both the Department and commercial entities.
(B)
For private industry or other entities outside the Department of Defense to use for either Government or commercial purposes any capabilities of the Center that are not fully used for Department of Defense activities for any period determined to be consistent with the needs of the Department of Defense.
(2) The objectives for exercising the authority provided in paragraph (1) are as follows:
(A)
To maximize the use of the capacity of a Center.
(B)
To reduce or eliminate the cost of ownership of a Center by the Department of Defense.
(C)
To reduce the cost of science, technology, and engineering activities of the Department of Defense.
(D) To leverage private sector investment in—
(i)
such efforts as research and equipment recapitalization for a Center; and
(ii)
the promotion of the undertaking of commercial business ventures based on the capabilities of a Center, as determined by the director of the Center.
(E)
To foster cooperation and technology transfer between the armed forces, academia, private industry, and State and local governments.
(F)
To increase access by a Center to a skilled technical workforce that can contribute to the effective and efficient execution of the missions of the Department of Defense.
(G)
To increase the ability of a Center to access and use non-Department of Defense methods to develop and innovate and access capabilities that contribute to the effective and efficient execution of the missions of the Department of Defense.
(3)
(A)
Public-private partnerships entered into under paragraph (1) may be used for purposes relating to technology transfer and other authorities described in subparagraph (B).
(B) The authorities described in this subparagraph are provisions of law that provide for cooperation and partnership by the Department of Defense with academia, private industry, and State and local governments, including the following:
(i)
Sections 3371 through 3375 of title 5.
(ii)
Sections 2194, 2358, 2371, 2511, 2539b, and 2563 of this title.
(iv)
Sections 8, 12, and 23 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3706, 3710a, and 3715).
(c)Private Sector Use of Excess Capacity.—
Any capability of a Center made available to the private sector may be used to perform research and testing activities in order to make more efficient and economical use of Government-owned capabilities and encourage the creation and preservation of jobs to ensure the availability of a workforce with the necessary research and technical skills to meet the needs of the armed forces.
(d)Crediting of Amounts for Performance.—Amounts received by a Center for work performed under a public-private partnership may—
(1)
be credited to the appropriation or fund, including a working-capital or revolving fund, that incurs the cost of performing the work; or
(2)
be used by the Director of the Center as the Director considers appropriate and consistent with section 219 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110–417; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
(e)Availability of Excess Capacities to Private-sector Partners.—Capacities of a Center may be made available for use by a private-sector entity under this section only if—
(1)
the use of the capacities will not have a significant adverse effect on the performance of the Center or the ability of the Center to achieve the mission of the Center, as determined by the Director of the Center; and
(2) the private-sector entity agrees—
(A)
to reimburse the Department of Defense when required in accordance with the guidance of the Department for the direct and indirect costs (including any rental costs) that are attributable to the use of the capabilities by the private-sector entity, as determined by the Secretary of the military departments; and
(B) to hold harmless and indemnify the United States from—
(i)
any claim for damages or injury to any person or property arising out of the use of the capabilities, except under the circumstances described in section 2563(c)(3) of this title; and
(ii)
any liability or claim for damages or injury to any person or property arising out of a decision by the Secretary to suspend or terminate that use of capabilities during a war or national emergency.
(f)Construction of Provision.—
Nothing in this section may be construed to authorize a change, otherwise prohibited by law, from the performance of work at a Center by personnel of the Department of Defense to performance by a contractor.
(g)Definitions.—In this section:
(1)
The term “capabilities”, with respect to a Center for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership, means the facilities, equipment, personnel, intellectual property, and other assets that support the core competencies of the Center.
(2)
The term “national technology and industrial base” has the meaning given that term in section 2500 of this title.
(3)
The term “science and technology reinvention laboratory” means a science and technology reinvention laboratory designated under section 1105 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111–84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
Prior Provisions

A prior section 2368, added Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title VIII, § 823(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2018; amended Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VIII, § 841(c)(1), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1514; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 701(g)(1), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 115, which authorized studies in fields of research and development essential to development of critical technologies, was repealed by Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title VIII, § 821(c)(1), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1431.

 

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