2017—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 115–91, § 1051(a)(24), struck out par. (3) which read as follows: “The Secretary of Defense shall include in the budget material submitted to Congress in connection with the submission of the budget for a fiscal year pursuant to section 1105 of title 31 a separate statement of the amounts available for obligation under this subsection in that fiscal year.”
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 115–91, § 2801(c)(5), substituted “14-day period” for “21-day period” and struck out “or, if earlier, the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of the notification is provided” after “received by such committees”.
2014—Subsec. (a)(4)(A). Pub. L. 113–291 substituted “repaid” for “repayed”.
2006—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–364 reenacted heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows:
“(1) Financial incentives received under subsection (a)(2) shall be used as provided in section 2865(b)(3) of this title.
“(2) Water cost savings realized under subsection (a)(3) shall be used as provided in section 2865(b)(2) of this title.”
2003—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 108–136 inserted before period at end “or, if earlier, the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of the notification is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title”.
1997—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–85 amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) read as follows:
“(b) Use of Water Cost Savings.—Water cost savings realized under this section shall be used as provided in section 2865(b)(2) of this title.”
1996—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 104–106 substituted “appropriate committees of Congress” for “Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives”.
Improving Water Management and Security on Military Installations.
Pub. L. 116–283, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2827, Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4336, provided that:
“(a) Risk-Based Approach to Installation Water Management and Security.—
“(2) Implementation priorities.—The Secretary concerned shall begin implementation of paragraph (1) by prioritizing those military installations under the jurisdiction of the Secretary that the Secretary determines—
are experiencing the greatest risks to sustainable water management and security; and
face the most severe existing or potential adverse impacts to mission assurance as a result of such risks.
“(3) Determination method.—
Determinations under paragraph (2) shall be made on the basis of the water management and security assessments made by the Secretary concerned
under subsection (b).
“(b) Water Management and Security Assessments.—
“(1) Assessment methodology.—
The Secretaries concerned, acting jointly, shall develop a methodology to assess risks to sustainable water management and security and mission assurance.
“(2) Elements.—Required elements of the assessment methodology shall include the following:
An evaluation of the water sources and supply connections for a military installation
, including water flow rate and extent of competition for the water sources.
An evaluation of the age, condition, and jurisdictional control of water infrastructure serving the military installation
An evaluation of the military installation
’s water-security risks related to drought-prone climates, impacts of defense water usage on regional water demands, water quality, and legal issues, such as water rights disputes.
An evaluation of the resiliency of the military installation
’s water supply and the overall health of the aquifer basin of which the water supply is a part, including the robustness of the resource, redundancy, and ability to recover from disruption.
“(E) An evaluation of existing water metering and consumption at the military installation, considered at a minimum—
by type of installation activity, such as training, maintenance, medical, housing, and grounds maintenance and landscaping; and
by fluctuations in consumption, including peak consumption by quarter.
“(c) Evaluation of Installations for Potential Net Zero Water Usage.—
“(2) Elements.—Required elements of each evaluation shall include the following:
An evaluation of alternative water sources to offset use of freshwater, including water recycling and harvested rainwater for use as non-potable water.
An evaluation of the feasibility of implementing Department of Energy guidelines for net zero water usage, when practicable, to minimize water consumption and wastewater discharge in buildings scheduled for renovation.
An evaluation of the practicality of implementing net zero water usage technology into new construction in water-constrained areas, as determined by water management and security assessments conducted under subsection (b).
“(d) Improved Landscaping Management Practices.—
“(1) Landscaping management.—
The Secretary concerned
shall implement, to the maximum extent practicable, at each military installation
under the jurisdiction of the Secretary landscaping management practices to increase water resilience and ensure greater quantities of water availability for operational, training, and maintenance requirements.
“(2) Arid or semi-arid climates.—
For military installations
located in arid or semi-arid climates, landscaping management practices shall include the use of xeriscaping.
“(3) Non-arid climates.—
For military installations
located in non-arid climates, landscaping management practices shall include the use of plants common to the region in which the installation is located and native grasses and plants.
“(4) Pollinator conservation reference guide.—The Secretary concerned shall follow the recommendations of the Department of Defense Pollinator Conservation Reference Guide (September 2018) to the maximum extent practicable in order to reduce operation and maintenance costs related to landscaping management, while improving area management. Consistent with such guide, in the preparation of a military installation landscaping plan, the Secretary concerned should consider the following:
Adding native flowering plants to sunny open areas and removing overhanging tree limbs above open patches within forested areas or dense shrub.
Removing or controlling invasive plants to improve pollinator habitat.
Preserving known and potential pollinator nesting and overwintering sites.
Eliminating or minimizing pesticide use in pollinator habitat areas.
Mowing in late fall or winter after plants have bloomed and set seed, adjusting timing to avoid vulnerable life stages of special status pollinators.
Mowing mid-day when adult pollinators can avoid mowing equipment.
“(e) Implementation Report.—
“(1) Report required.—
Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 1, 2021], the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the other Secretaries concerned, shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the progress made in implementing this section.
“(2) Report elements.—The report shall include the following:
The methodology developed under subsection (b) to conduct water management and security assessments.
A list of the military installations
that have been assessed using such methodology and a description of the findings.
A list of planned assessments for the one-year period beginning on the date of the submission of the report.
An evaluation of the progress made on implementation of xeriscaping and other regionally appropriate landscaping practices at military installations
“(f) Definitions.—In this section:
The term ‘net zero water usage’, with respect to a military installation
or installation activity, means a situation in which the combination of limitations on the consumption of water resources and the return of water to an original water source by the installation or activity is sufficient to prevent any reduction in the water resources of the area in both quantity and quality over a reasonable period of time.
The terms ‘Secretary concerned
’ and ‘Secretary’ mean the Secretary of a military department and the Secretary of Defense
with respect to the Pentagon Reservation.
The term ‘xeriscaping’ means landscape design that emphasizes low water use and drought-tolerant plants that require little or no supplemental irrigation.”
Establishment of Targets for Water Use
Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title III, § 319(c), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1306, provided that:
“The Secretary of Defense shall, where life-cycle cost-effective, improve water use efficiency and management by the Department of Defense, including storm water management, by—
installing water meters and collecting and using water balance data of buildings and facilities to improve water conservation and management;
reducing industrial, landscaping, and agricultural water consumption in gallons by two percent annually through fiscal year 2030 relative to a baseline of such consumption by the Department in fiscal year 2010; and
installing appropriate sustainable infrastructure features on installations of the Department to help with storm water and wastewater management.”