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10 U.S. Code § 3225 - Discussion of risk in cost estimates

The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, and the Secretary of the military department concerned or the head of the Defense Agency concerned (as applicable), shall each—
issue guidance requiring a discussion of risk, the potential impacts of risk on program costs, and approaches to mitigate risk in cost estimates for major defense acquisition programs and major subprograms;
ensure that cost estimates are developed, to the extent practicable, based on historical actual cost information that is based on demonstrated contractor and Government performance and that such estimates provide a high degree of confidence that the program or subprogram can be completed without the need for significant adjustment to program budgets; and
(3) include the information required in the guidance under paragraph (1)—
in any decision documentation approving a cost estimate within the baseline description or any other cost estimate for use at any event specified in section 3221(b)(6) of this title; and
in the next Selected Acquisition Report pursuant to section 4351 of this title in the case of a major defense acquisition program or major subprogram, or the next quarterly report pursuant to section 2445c [1] of this title in the case of a major automated information system program.

[1]  See References in Text note below.
Editorial Notes
References in Text

Section 2445c of this title, referred to in par. (3)(B), was repealed by Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, § 846(1), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2292.


The text of subsec. (e) of section 2334 of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, § 1812(f), was based on Pub. L. 111–23, title I, § 101(b)(1), May 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1706; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VIII, § 811(1), Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4263; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, § 842(a)(3), (6), (b)(5), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2288–2290.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 3225, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 177; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 502(7), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2909; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, § 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to authorized strength of Army National Guard and Army National Guard of United States, exclusive of members on active duty, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§ 1662(a)(3), 1691, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988, 3026, effective Dec. 1, 1994. See section 12002 of this title.


2021—Pub. L. 116–283, § 1812(f)(1), (2)(A), transferred subsec. (e) of section 2334 of this title to this section and struck out subsec. (e) designation and heading “Discussion of Risk in Cost Estimates” at beginning.

Par. (3)(A). Pub. L. 116–283, § 1812(f)(2)(B), substituted “section 3221(b)(6) of this title” for “subsection (a)(6)”.

Par. (3)(B). Pub. L. 116–283, § 1812(f)(2)(C), as amended by Pub. L. 117–81, § 1701(o)(6)(A)(ii), substituted “section 4351” for “section 2432”.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 117–81 applicable as if included in the enactment of title XVIII of Pub. L. 116–283 as enacted, see section 1701(a)(2) of Pub. L. 117–81, set out in a note preceding section 3001 of this title and Effective Date note below.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.