Friendly foreign countries; international and regional organizations: defense institution capacity building
(a)Ministry of Defense Advisor Authority.—The Secretary of Defense may, with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, carry out a program to assign civilian employees of the Department of Defense as advisors to the ministries of defense (or security agencies serving a similar defense function) of foreign countries or regional organizations with security missions in order to—
provide institutional, ministerial-level advice, and other training to personnel of the ministry or regional organization to which assigned in support of stabilization or post-conflict activities; or
assist such ministry or regional organization in building core institutional capacity, competencies, and capabilities to manage defense-related processes.
(b) Training of Personnel of Foreign Ministries With Security Missions.—
(1)In general.—The Secretary of Defense may, with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, carry out a program to provide training and associated training support services to personnel of foreign ministries of defense (or ministries with security force oversight) or regional organizations with security missions—
(A) for the purpose of—
enhancing civilian oversight of foreign security forces;
establishing responsible defense governance and internal controls in order to help build effective, transparent, and accountable defense institutions;
assessing organizational weaknesses and establishing a roadmap for addressing shortfalls; and
enhancing ministerial, general or joint staff, or service level core management competencies; and
for such other purposes as the Secretary considers appropriate, consistent with the authority in subsection (a).
(2)Notice to congress.—Each fiscal year quarter, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on activities under the program under paragraph (1) during the preceding fiscal year quarter. Each report shall include, for the fiscal year quarter covered by such report, the following:
A list of activities under the program.
A list of any organization described in paragraph (1) to which the Secretary assigned employees under the program, including the number of such employees so assigned, the duration of each assignment, a brief description of each assigned employee’s activities, and a statement of the cost of each assignment.
A comprehensive justification of any activities conducted pursuant to paragraph (1)(B).
(c)Congressional Notice.—Not later than 15 days before assigning a civilian employee of the Department of Defense as an advisor to a regional organization with a security mission under subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a notification of such assignment. Such a notification shall include each of the following:
A statement of the intent of the Secretary to assign the employee as an advisor to the regional organization.
The name of the regional organization and the location and duration of the assignment.
A description of the assignment, including a description of the training or assistance proposed to be provided to the regional organization, the justification for the assignment, a description of the unique capabilities the employee can provide to the regional organization, and a description of how the assignment serves the national security interests of the United States.
Any other information relating to the assignment that the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.
Text of section, as added by Pub. L. 114–328, is based on text of subsecs. (a), (b), and (d) of section 1081 of Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title X, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1599, as amended, which was formerly set out as a note under section 168 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title XII, § 1241(c)(3), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2500.
2016—Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 114–328, § 1241(c)(2), redesignated subsec. (d) as (c).
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