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10 U.S. Code § 3707 - Interest and penalties for certain overpayments

(a) In General.—If the United States makes an overpayment to a contractor under a contract subject to this chapter and the overpayment was due to the submission by the contractor of defective cost or pricing data, the contractor shall be liable to the United States—
(1) for interest on the amount of such overpayment, to be computed—
for the period beginning on the date the overpayment was made to the contractor and ending on the date the contractor repays the amount of such overpayment to the United States; and
at the current rate prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury under section 6621 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and
if the submission of such defective data was a knowing submission, for an additional amount equal to the amount of the overpayment.
(b) Liability Not Affected by Refusal to Submit Certification.—
Any liability under this section of a contractor that submits cost or pricing data but refuses to submit the certification required by section 3702(b) of this title with respect to the cost or pricing data shall not be affected by the refusal to submit such certification.
Editorial Notes
References in Text

Section 6621 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsec. (a)(1)(B), is classified to section 6621 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.


The text of subsec. (f) of section 2306a of this title, which was transferred to this section and amended by Pub. L. 116–283, § 1831(h), was based on Pub. L. 99–500, § 101(c) [title X, § 952(a)], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–82, 1783–166, and Pub. L. 99–591, § 101(c) [title X, § 952(a)], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–82, 3341–166; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title IX, formerly title IV, § 952(a), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3945, renumbered title IX, Pub. L. 100–26, § 3(5), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VIII, § 804(b)(2), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1125; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, § 1061(a)(9), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1472; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, §§ 1204(1), 1209, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3275, 3277. Pub. L. 99–500, Pub. L. 99–591, and Pub. L. 99–661 added identical sections. Pub. L. 99–591 is a corrected version of Pub. L. 99–500.


2021—Pub. L. 116–283, § 1832(h)(1), transferred subsec. (f) of section 2306a of this title to this section, redesignated it as subsec. (a), and redesignated par. (2) as subsec. (b).

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–283, § 1831(h)(2), as amended by Pub. L. 117–81, § 1701(b)(10)(H), after redesignation of section 2306a(f) of this title as subsec. (a) of this section, in heading, substituted “In General” for “Interest and Penalties for Certain Overpayments”, in introductory provisions, struck out par. (1) designation at beginning and substituted “this chapter” for “this section”, and redesignated subpar. (A), its cls. (i) and (ii), and subpar. (B) as par. (1), subpars. (A) and (B), and par. (2), respectively.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, § 1831(h)(3), as amended by Pub. L. 117–81, § 1701(b)(10)(H), after redesignation of section 2306a(f)(2) of this title as subsec. (b) of this section, inserted heading and substituted “this section” for “this subsection” and “section 3702(b) of this title” for “subsection (a)(2)”.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 117–81 applicable as if included in the enactment of title XVIII of Pub. L. 116–283 as enacted, see section 1701(a)(2) of Pub. L. 117–81, set out in a note preceding section 3001 of this title and Effective Date note below.

Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.