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10 U.S. Code § 3784 - Technical data under contracts for commercial items: presumption of development exclusively at private expense

In the case of a challenge to a use or release restriction that is asserted with respect to technical data of a contractor or subcontractor under a contract for commercial products, the contracting officer shall presume that the contractor or subcontractor has justified the restriction on the basis that the commercial product was developed exclusively at private expense, whether or not the contractor or subcontractor submits a justification in response to the notice provided pursuant to section 3782(c) of this title. In such a case, the challenge to the use or release restriction may be sustained only if information provided by the Department of Defense demonstrates that the commercial product was not developed exclusively at private expense.

(Added and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, § 1833(g), (k), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4231, 4233.)
Editorial Notes
Prior Provisions

A prior section 3784, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 219; Pub. L. 86–616, § 2(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 387, authorized Secretary of the Army to remove an officer from active list of Regular Army if his removal is recommended by a board of review and provided that decision of Secretary in such a case is final and conclusive, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–513, title II, § 213, title VII, § 701, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885, 2955, effective Sept. 15, 1981. See section 1184 of this title.


2021—Pub. L. 116–283, § 1833(k), transferred subsec. (f) of section 2321 of this title to this section, struck out subsec. (f) designation and heading “Presumption of Development Exclusively at Private Expense” at beginning, and substituted “section 3782(c) of this title” for “subsection (d)(3)”.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date

Section and amendment by Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as an Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note preceding section 3001 of this title.