10 U.S. Code § 856 - Art. 56. Maximum and minimum limits

§ 856.
Art. 56. Maximum and minimum limits
(a)
The punishment which a court-martial may direct for an offense may not exceed such limits as the President may prescribe for that offense.
(b)
(1)
While a person subject to this chapter who is found guilty of an offense specified in paragraph (2) shall be punished as a general court-martial may direct, such punishment must include, at a minimum, dismissal or dishonorable discharge, except as provided for in section 860 of this title (article 60).
(2) Paragraph (1) applies to the following offenses:
(A)
An offense in violation of subsection (a) or (b) of section 920 of this title (article 120(a) or (b)).
(B)
Rape and sexual assault of a child under subsection (a) or (b) of section 920b of this title (article 120b).
(C)
Forcible sodomy under section 925 of this title (article 125).
(D)
An attempt to commit an offense specified in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) that is punishable under section 880 of this title (article 80).
(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 56; Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title XVII, § 1702(a)(1), (2)(A), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 959.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)

856

50:637.

May 5, 1950, ch. 169, § 1 (Art. 56), 64 Stat. 126.

The word “may” is substituted for the word “shall”.

Amendments

2013—Pub. L. 113–66 substituted “Maximum and minimum limits” for “Maximum limits” in section catchline, designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), and added subsec. (b).

Effective Date of 2013 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 113–66 effective 180 days after Dec. 26, 2013, and applicable to offenses specified in subsec. (b)(2) of this section committed on or after that date, see section 1705(c) of Pub. L. 113–66, set out as a note under section 818 of this title.

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