Art. 146. Code committee
A committee shall meet at least annually and shall make an annual comprehensive survey of the operation of this chapter.
(b)Composition of Committee.—The committee shall consist of—
the judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces;
the Judge Advocates General of the Army, Navy, and Air Force, the Chief Counsel of the Coast Guard, and the Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps; and
two members of the public appointed by the Secretary of Defense.
(1) After each such survey, the committee shall submit a report—
to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives; and
to the Secretary of Defense, the Secretaries of the military departments, and the Secretary of Homeland Security.
(2) Each report under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
Information on the number and status of pending cases.
(B) Information from the Judge Advocates General and the Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps on the following:
(i) The appellate review process, including—
information on compliance with processing time goals;
discussions of the circumstances surrounding cases in which general court-martial or special court-martial convictions are reversed as a result of command influence or denial of the right to a speedy review or otherwise remitted due to loss of records of trial or other administrative deficiencies; and
discussions of cases in which a provision of this chapter is held unconstitutional.
Measures implemented by each armed force to ensure the ability of judge advocates to competently participate as trial and defense counsel in, and preside as military judges over, capital cases, national security cases, sexual assault cases, and proceedings of military commissions.
The independent views of the Judge Advocates General and the Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps on the sufficiency of resources available within their respective armed forces, including total workforce, funding, training, and officer and enlisted grade structure, to capably perform military justice functions.
(C) Any recommendation of the committee relating to—
uniformity of policies as to sentences;
amendments to this chapter; and
any other matter the committee considers appropriate.
(d)Qualifications and Terms of Appointed Members.—
Each member of the committee appointed by the Secretary of Defense under subsection (b)(3) shall be a recognized authority in military justice or criminal law. Each such member shall be appointed for a term of three years.
(e)Applicability of Federal Advisory Committee Act.—
The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App. I) shall not apply to the committee.
(Added Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title XIII
, § 1301(c), Nov. 29, 1989
, 103 Stat. 1574
; amended Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IX
, § 924(c)(1), Oct. 5, 1994
, 108 Stat. 2831
; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV
, § 1502(a)(1), Feb. 10, 1996
, 110 Stat. 502
; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X
, § 1067(1), Oct. 5, 1999
, 113 Stat. 774
; Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII
, § 1704(b)(1), Nov. 25, 2002
, 116 Stat. 2314
; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title V
, § 532, Jan. 2, 2013
, 126 Stat. 1726
References in Text
The Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred to in subsec. (e), is Pub. L. 92–463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 770, as amended, which is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
2013—Subsec. (c)(2)(B), (C). Pub. L. 112–239 added subpar. (B) and redesignated former subpar. (B) as (C).
2002—Subsec. (c)(1)(B). Pub. L. 107–296 substituted “of Homeland Security” for “of Transportation”.
1999—Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 106–65 substituted “and the Committee on Armed Services” for “and the Committee on National Security”.
1996—Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 104–106 substituted “Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives” for “Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives”.
1994—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 103–337 substituted “Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces” for “Court of Military Appeals”.
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