A prior chapter 247 “ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS”, as added by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, § 801(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1827, and consisting of reserved section 3451, was repealed by Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, § 1821(a)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4194.
2021—Pub. L. 117–81, div. A, title VIII, § 803(b)(2), Dec. 27, 2021, 135 Stat. 1816, added item 3458.
Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, § 1821(a)(1), (3), (b)(1)(B), (7)(C), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4194–4196, transferred chapter 140 of this title to this chapter, renumbered items 2375, 2376, 2377, 2379, 2380, and 2380a as 3452, 3451, 3453, 3455, 3456, and 3457, respectively, moved item 3451 so as to precede item 3452, and struck out item 2380b “Treatment of commingled items purchased by contractors as commercial products”.
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Procurement of Commercial Services
Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VIII, § 805, Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 212, as amended by Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title X, § 1061(b)(4), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4613; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title X, § 1071(b)(2)(A), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3506; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, § 836(f)(6), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1871, provided that:
“(a) Regulations Required.—
Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 28, 2008
], the Secretary of Defense shall modify the regulations of the Department of Defense for the procurement of commercial services
for or on behalf of the Department of Defense.
“(b) Applicability of Commercial Procedures.—
“(1) Services of a type sold in marketplace.—
The regulations modified pursuant to subsection (a) shall ensure that services that are not offered and sold competitively in substantial quantities in the commercial marketplace, but are of a type offered and sold competitively in substantial quantities in the commercial marketplace, may be treated as commercial services
for purposes of section 2306a of title 10
, United States Code [see 10 U.S.C. 3701
et seq.] (relating to truth in negotiations), only if the contracting officer determines in writing that the offeror has submitted sufficient information to evaluate, through price analysis, the reasonableness of the price for such services.
“(2) Information submitted.—To the extent necessary to make a determination under paragraph (1), the contracting officer may request the offeror to submit—
prices paid for the same or similar commercial services
under comparable terms and conditions by both government and commercial customers; and
if the contracting officer determines that the information described in subparagraph (A) is not sufficient to determine the reasonableness of price, other relevant information regarding the basis for price or cost, including information on labor costs, material costs, and overhead rates.
“(c) Time-and-Materials Contracts.—
“(1) Commercial services acquisitions.—The regulations modified pursuant to subsection (a) shall ensure that procedures applicable to time-and-materials contracts and labor-hour contracts for commercial service acquisitions may be used only for the following:
Emergency repair services.
“(C) Any other commercial services only to the extent that the head of the agency concerned approves a determination in writing by the contracting officer that—
if the services to be acquired are subject to subsection (b), the offeror of the services has submitted sufficient information in accordance with that subsection;
such services are commonly sold to the general public through use of time-and-materials or labor-hour contracts; and
the use of a time-and-materials or labor-hour contract type is in the best interest of the Government.
“(2) Non-commercial services acquisitions.—
Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to preclude the use of procedures applicable to time-and-materials contracts and labor-hour contracts for non-commercial service
acquisitions for the acquisition of any category of services.”
Plan for Restricting Government-Unique Contract Clauses on Commercial Contracts
Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VIII, § 821, Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 226, as amended by Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title X, § 1071(b)(2)(B), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3506; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, § 836(f)(3), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1871; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title IX, § 902(41), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1547, provided that:
“(a) Plan.—The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall develop and implement a plan to minimize the number of government-unique contract clauses used in commercial contracts by restricting the clauses to the following:
Government-unique clauses authorized by law or regulation.
Any additional clauses that are relevant and necessary to a specific contract.
“(b) Commercial Contract.—In this section: