U.S. Code: Title 11 - BANKRUPTCY

This title was enacted by Pub. L. 95–598, title I, § 101, Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2549

Current through 114-37

Amendments

2005—Pub. L. 109–8, title VIII, § 801(b), title X, § 1007(d), Apr. 20, 2005, 119 Stat. 145, 188, substituted “Adjustments of Debts of a Family Farmer or Family Fisherman with Regular Annual Income” for “Adjustment of Debts of Family Farmers with Regular Annual Income” in item for chapter 12 and added item for chapter 15.

1994—Pub. L. 103–394, title V, § 501(d)(39), Oct. 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 4147, struck out item for chapter 15, “United States Trustees”.

1986—Pub. L. 99–554, title II, § 257(a), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3114, added item for chapter 12.

Table I

This Table lists the sections of former Title 11,

Bankruptcy, and indicates the sections of Title 11,

as revised by Pub. L. 95–598 which cover similar

and related subject matter.

Title 11

Former Sections

Title 11

New Sections

1(1)–(3)

Rep.

1(4)

101(12)

1(5)–(7)

Rep.

1(8)

101(8)

1(9), (10)

Rep.

1(11)

101(9)

1(12), (13)

Rep.

1(14)

101(11)

1(15), (16)

Rep.

1(17)

101(17), (18)

1(18)

Rep.

1(19)

101(26)

1(20)–(22)

Rep.

1(23)

101(30)

1(24)

101(31)

1(25), (26)

Rep.

1(27)

101(34)

1(28), (29)

Rep.

1(29a)

101(38)

1(30)

101(40)

1(31)

Rep.

1(32)

101(24)

1(33), (34)

Rep.

1(35)

102(7)

11(a)(1)

109(a)

11(a)(2)

502(j)

11(a)(2A)

505(a), (b)

11(a)(3), (4)

Rep.

11(a)(5)

721

11(a)(6)

Rep.

11(a)(7)

363

11(a)(8)

350

11(a)(9)–(14)

Rep.

11(a)(15)

105

11(a)(16)

Rep.

11(a)(17)

324

11(a)(18)

303(i)

11(a)(19), (20)

Rep.

11(a)(21)

543(b), (c)

11(a)(22)

305(a)(2)

11(b)

Rep.

21

303(h)

22

109(b)

22(a)

301

22(b)

303(a)

23(a)

Rep.

23(b)

303(b)

23(c)–(f)

Rep.

23(g)

723

23(h)–(k)

Rep.

24

522

25(a)(1)

343, 521(4)

25(a)(2)

Rep.

25(a)(3)

521(2)

25(a)(4)

521(3)

25(a)(5)

521(3)

25(a)(6)

521(2)

25(a)(7)

521(2)

25(a)(8), (9)

521(1)

25(a)(10)

343, 344

25(a)(11)

521(3)

25(b)

Rep.

26

541(a)

27, 28

Rep.

29(a)

362

29(b)–(d)

Rep.

29(e)

108(a), (b)

29(f)

108(c)

30, 31

(See former 501–1103)

32(a)

727(a)(10), 1141(d)(4)

32(b)

727(c)

32(c)(1)

727(a)(2), (4)

32(c)(2)

727(a)(3)

32(c)(3)

727(a)(4)

32(c)(4)

727(a)(2)

32(c)(5)

727(a)(8), (9)

32(c)(6)

727(a)(6)

32(c)(7)

727(a)(5)

32(c)(8)

Rep.

32(d), (e)

Rep.

32(f)

524(a)

32(g), (h)

Rep.

33

727(d), (e), 1328(e)

34

524(e)

35(a)(1)

523(a)(1)

35(a)(2)

523(a)(2)

35(a)(3)

523(a)(3)

35(a)(4)

523(a)(4)

35(a)(5), (6)

Rep.

35(a)(7)

523(a)(5)

35(a)(8)

523(a)(6)

35(b)

523(b), 349(a)

35(c)

523(c)

35(c)(4)

362

41(a)

Rep.

41(b)

303(d)

41(c)–(e)

Rep.

41(f)

301

42

T. 28 § 1480

43

Rep.

44(a)

343

44(b)–(f)

Rep.

44(g)

549(c)

44(h)–(l)

Rep.

45–51

Rep.

52, 53

Rep.

54

Rep.

55

T. 28 § 1475

61–71

Rep.

72(a)

702

72(b)

705

72(c)

327(c)

73

321

74

325, 703(a)

75(a)(1)

704(1)

75(a)(2)

345

75(a)(3)

704(2)

75(a)(4)

Rep.

75(a)(5)

704(2)

75(a)(6)

Rep.

75(a)(7)

704(3)

75(a)(8)

704(4)

75(a)(9)

704(5)

75(a)(10)

704(6)

75(a)(11), (12)

Rep.

75(a)(13)

704(8)

75(a)(14)

Rep.

75(b), (c)

Rep.

76(a), (b)

Rep.

76(c)

326(a), 330

76(d)

Rep.

76(e)

326(d)

76(f), (g)

Rep.

76a

330

77

107

78(a)

Rep.

78(b)

322(a)

78(c)

322(b)(1)

78(d)

322(b)(2)

78(e)

Rep.

78(f), (g)

322(b)(2)

78(h)

Rep.

78(i)

322(c)

78(j)–(l)

Rep.

78(m)

322(d)

78(n)

Rep.

79–82

Rep.

91, 92

341

93(a)–(c)

Rep.

93(d)

502(a), (c)

93(e)

Rep.

93(f)

502(b)

93(g)

502(d)

93(h)

506(a), (b)

93(i)

501(b), 509

93(j)

724(a)

93(k)

502(j)

93(l), (m)

Rep.

93(n)

501(a), 726(a)(3)

93a

Rep.

94

342

95(a)

301

95(b)

303(b)

95(c), (d)

Rep.

95(e)

303(b)

95(f)

303(c)

95(g)

303(j), 707

95(h)

Rep.

96

547

96(a)(4)

547(e)(1)(B)

96(b)

550, 551

96(c)

547(c)(4), 553

96(d)

329

96(e)(1)

741

96(e)(2)

745, 751, 752

96(e)(3)

753

96(e)(5)

749

101

345

101a

Rep.

102(a)(1)

503(b)(2)

102(a)(2)–(4)

Rep.

102(b)

Rep.

102(c)

504

102(d)

Rep.

103

101(4)

103(a)(9)

502(b)(7)

103(c)

365

103a

Rep.

104(a)

507

104(a)(1)

503(b)

104(a)(2)

507(a)(3)

104(a)(4)

502(b)(4), 505(a), (b)

104(b)

Rep.

105(a)–(c)

Rep.

105(d)

508

105(e)

Rep.

106(a)

347(a)

106(b)

Rep.

107(a)

349(b), 547(b), (d), 551

107(b), (c)

545

107(c)(1)(A)

545(1)

107(c)(1)(B)

545(2), 546(b)

107(c)(1)(C)

545(3), (4)

107(c)(2)

551

107(c)(3)

724(b)

107(d)(1)(a)–(c)

Rep.

107(d)(1)(d)

101(26)

107(d)(1)(e)

Rep.

107(d)(2)

548(a)

107(d)(3)

550

107(d)(4)

548(b)

107(d)(5)

548(d)(1)

107(d)(6)

548(c), 550, 551

107(d)(7)

Rep.

107(e), (f)

Rep.

108

502(b)(3), 553

109(a)

303(e)

109(b)

303(i)

109(c)

Rep.

109(d)

303(g), 543(b), (c)

110(a)

541(a)

110(a)(3)

541(b)

110(a)(5)

522(d)(7), (8)

110(b)

365

110(c)

541(e), 544(a)

110(d)(1)

549(a)

110(d)(2), (3)

542(c)

110(d)(4), (5)

Rep.

110(e)

544(b)

110(f)

363

110(g)–(i)

Rep.

111, 112

Rep.

201, 202

(See former 501–1103)

202a–204

Rep.

205(a)

Rep.

205(b)

1171(b), 1172

205(c)(1)

1163

205(c)(2)

1166

205(c)(3)–(5)

Rep.

205(c)(6)

1169

205(c)(7)–(13)

Rep.

205(d)

Rep.

205(e)

1173

205(f)–(i)

Rep.

205(j)

1168

205(k), (l)

Rep.

205(m)

101(33)

205(n)

1167, 1171(a)

205(o)

1170

205(p)–(s)

Rep.

205a

Rep.

206, 207

(See former 501–1103)

208

Rep.

301–303

Rep.

401(1)

101(4)

401(2)

Rep.

401(3)

101(9)

401(4)

Rep.

401(5)

101(11)

401(6)

101(28)

401(7)

101(30)

401(8)

101(12)

401(9)

Rep.

401(10)

902(2)

401(11)

903(3)

402(a)

Rep.

402(b)(1), (2)

901

402(b)(3)

Rep.

402(c)

904

402(d)

921(b)

403

903

404

101(29), 109(c)

405(a)

921(a), (c)–(f)

405(b)

901, 924

405(c)

Rep.

405(d)

923

405(e)

901

405(e)(1)

922(a)

405(f), (g)

Rep.

405(h)

901, 926

406, 407

Rep.

408(a)

925

408(b)

901

408(c)

Rep.

409

901

410(a)

941, 942

410(b)

942

411, 412

901

413

901, 943(a)

414(a)

901

414(b)(1)

943(b)(5), (6)

414(b)(2)

943(b)(2)

414(b)(3)

Rep.

414(b)(4)

943(b)(3)

414(b)(5)

Rep.

414(b)(6)

943(b)(4)

415(a)

944(a)

415(b)(1)

944(b)

415(b)(2)

944(c)

416(a)

Rep.

416(b)

901

416(c)

Rep.

416(d)

347(b), 901

416(e)

945(a)

416(f)

Rep.

417

946

418

927

501, 502

Rep.

506(1)

101(4)

506(2), (3)

Rep.

506(4)

101(9)

506(5)

101(12)

506(6)

101(11)

506(7)

Rep.

506(8)

101(23)

506(9)

101(31)

506(10)

Rep.

506(11)

101(35)

506(12), (13)

Rep.

507

1124

511, 512

Rep.

513

362

514, 515

Rep.

516(1)

365

516(2)

364

516(3)

363

516(4)

362

516(5), (6)

1110

517–521

Rep.

526

303(b)

527

Rep.

528

T. 28 § 1472

529–533

Rep.

536, 537

303(d)

541–549

Rep.

556

1104(a)

557

327

558

101(13)

559

1105

560

324, 1104(c)

561, 562

Rep.

563

1107(a)

564

1106(a)(2)

565

Rep.

566

107

567(1)

1106(a)(3)

567(2)

Rep.

567(3)

1106(a)(4)(A)

567(4)

Rep.

567(5)

1106(a)(4)

567(6)

Rep.

568

1104(b), 1106(b)

569

1106(a)(5)

570

1121

571–574

Rep.

575

1125(d)

576

1125(b)

577, 578

Rep.

579

1126, 1128(a)

580

1128(b)

586

541(a)

587

1106

588

1107(a)

589

1108

590

Rep.

591

327

596

501(a), 1111

597

1122

598

501(a)

599

1126(a)

600, 601

Rep.

602

502(b)(7)

603

1126(e)

604

1143

605

347(b)

606

1109(b)

607

1109

608

1109(a)

609–613

Rep.

616(1)

1123(b)(1)

616(2)

1123(a)(5), (b)(4)

616(3)

Rep.

616(4)

1123(b)(2)

616(5)

1123(a)(3)

616(6)

1123(a)(2)

616(7)–(9)

Rep.

616(10)

1123(a)(5)

616(11)

1123(a)(7)

616(12)(a)

1123(a)(6)

616(12)(b)

Rep.

616(13)

1123(b)(3)

616(14)

1123(b)(5)

621(1)

1129(a)(1)

621(2)

1129(a)(7), (11)

621(3)

1129(a)(3)

621(4)

1129(a)(4)

621(5)

1129(a)(5)

622

1127

623

1127(d)

624(1)

1141(a)

624(2)

1129(a)(6), 1142(a)

624(3), (4)

Rep.

625

Rep.

626

1141(c)

627

1142(b)

628(1)

1141(d)(1)–(3)

628(2)–(4)

Rep.

629(a)

1101(2)

629(b)

Rep.

629(c)

1127(b)

636

1112(b)

637

Rep.

638

348

641(1), (2)

Rep.

641(3), (4)

330

641(5)

503(b)(4)

642(1)

503(b)(3), (5)

642(2)

Rep.

642(3)

503(b)(4)

643

503(b)(3), (4)

644(1)

330

644(2)

503(b)(4)

644(3)

330

644(4)

503(b)(3), (4)

645–650

Rep.

656–659

Rep.

661

108(c)

662

Rep.

663

362

664(a)

1145(a)

664(b)

1145(b)

665, 666

Rep.

667

1146(c)

668

346(j)(1)

669

1129(d)

670

346(j)(5)

671, 672

Rep.

676

Rep.

701, 702

Rep.

706(1), (2)

Rep.

706(3)

101(12), 109(d)

706(4)

Rep.

706(5)

101(31)

707(1)

101(9)

707(2)

101(4), (11)

708

1124

711, 712

Rep.

713(1)

365

713(2)

363

713(3)

Rep.

714

362

715, 716

Rep.

721–728

Rep.

731–733

Rep.

734

341

735

341

735(3)

1128(a)

736

341

736(2)

501(a)

736(3)

343

737(1)

Rep.

737(2)

1129(a)(9)

737(3)

1128(a)

738

1102

739(1)(a)

1103(c)(2)

739(1)(b)–(e)

1103(c)(3)

739(1)(f)

1104(c)(5)

739(2)

503(b)(4), 1103(a)

741

Rep.

742

1107(a)

743

1108

744

364

751

1122

752

Rep.

753

502(b)(7)

754, 755

Rep.

755a

501(a)

756

Rep.

757(1)

Rep.

757(2)

1123(b)(2)

757(3)–(7)

Rep.

757(8)

1123(b)(5)

761

1129(a)(3)

762

Rep.

763

1127

764

1127(d)

765

1127(c)

766(1)

1129(a)(1)

766(2)

1129(a)(7), (11)

766(3)

1129(a)(2)

766(4)

1129(a)(3)

767(1)

1141(a)

767(2)–(4)

Rep.

768–770

Rep.

771

1141(d)(1)–(3)

772

Rep.

776, 777

1112(b)

778

348

779–781

Rep.

786

1144

787(1)

1127(b)

787(2)

1127(c)

787(3)

1127(d)

787(4)

Rep.

791

108(c)

792

Rep.

793(a)

1145(a)

793(b)

1145(b)

794

Rep.

795

346(j)(1)

796

346(j)(5)

797

Rep.

799

Rep.

801, 802

Rep.

806(1)

Rep.

806(2)

101(4)

806(3), (4)

Rep.

806(5)

101(9)

806(6)

101(12), 109(d)

806(7)

101(11)

806(8)

101(23)

806(9)

101(31)

807

1124

811, 812

Rep.

813(1)

365

813(2)

363

813(3)

Rep.

814

362

815, 816

Rep.

821–827

Rep.

828

362

831

Rep.

832

1104(a)

833

Rep.

834

341

835

341, 1128(a)

836

341

836(2)

501(a)

836(3)

343

837(1)

1104(a)

837(2)

Rep.

837(3)

1128(a)

841

Rep.

842

1106

843

348

844

1107(a)

845

1108

846

364

851

501(a), 1111

852

1122

853

Rep.

854

501(a)

855–857

Rep.

858

502(b)(7)

859

Rep.

861(1)–(3)

Rep.

861(4)

1123(b)(2)

861(5), (6)

Rep.

861(7)

1123(b)(4)

861(8)

Rep.

861(9)

1123(a)(3)

861(10)

1123(a)(2)

861(11)

Rep.

861(12)

1123(a)(5)

861(13)

1123(b)(5)

866

Rep.

867

1129(a)(3)

868

Rep.

869

1127(a), (b)

870

1127(d)

871

1127(c)

872(1)

1129(a)(1)

872(2)

1129(a)(7), (11)

872(3)

1129(a)(2)

872(4)

1129(a)(3)

872(5)

1129(a)(4)

873(1)

1141(a)

873(2)

1142(a)

873(3)

Rep.

874

1141(c)

875

1142(b)

876

1141(d)(1)–(3)

877

Rep.

881, 882

1112(b)

883

348

884–886

Rep.

891(1)

Rep.

891(2), (3)

330

892(1)

503(b)(3)

892(2)

Rep.

892(3)

503(b)(4)

893(1)

Rep.

893(2)

503(b)(4)

893(3)

330

893(4)

503(b)(4)

894–898

Rep.

906–909

Rep.

911

1144

916

108(c)

917

362

918(a)

1145(a)

918(b)

1145(b)

919

Rep.

920

346(j)(1)

921

1129(d)

922

346(j)(5)

923

Rep.

926

Rep.

1001, 1002

Rep.

1006(1)

101(4)

1006(2)

101(9)

1006(3)

101(12), 109(e)

1006(4)

101(11)

1006(5)

Rep.

1006(6)

101(31)

1006(7)

Rep.

1006(8)

101(24), 109(e)

1007

Rep.

1011, 1012

Rep.

1013(1)

365

1013(2)

Rep.

1014

362

1015, 1016

Rep.

1021–1026

Rep.

1031

Rep.

1032, 1033

341

1033(1)

343, 501(a)

1033(2)

1321

1033(5)

1324

1036

1303

1037

Rep.

1041–1044

Rep.

1046(1)

1322(b)(1)

1046(2)

1322(b)(2)

1046(3)

1322(a)(2)

1046(4)

1322(a)(1)

1046(5)

1329(a)

1046(6)

1322(b)(7)

1046(7)

1322(b)(10)

1051

1325(a)(3)

1052

Rep.

1053

1323(a)

1054

1323(c)

1055

Rep.

1056(a)(1)

1325(a)(1)

1056(a)(2)

1325(a)(6)

1056(a)(3)

Rep.

1056(a)(4)

1325(a)(3)

1056(b)

502(b)

1057

1327(a)

1058

Rep.

1059

1326(a)

1060

1328(a), (c), (d)

1061

1328(b)

1062

Rep.

1066

348, 1307

1067

348

1068, 1069

Rep.

1071

1330

1076

108(c)

1077–1079

Rep.

1080

1305(a)(1)

1086

Rep.

1101–1103

Rep.

1200–1255

Rep.

Table II

This Table lists the sections of revised Title 11,

Bankruptcy, and indicates the sections of former

Title 11, which covered similar and related subject

matter.

Title 11

New Sections

Title 11

Former Sections

101(1)–(3)

 

101(4)

103, 401(1), 506(1), 707(2), 806(2), 1006(1)

101(5)–(7)

 

101(8)

1(8)

101(9)

1(11), 401(3), 506(4), 707(1), 806(5), 1062(2)

101(10)

 

101(11)

1(14), 401(5), 506(6), 707(2), 806(7), 1006(4)

101(12)

1(4), 401(8), 506(5), 706(3), 806(6), 1006(3)

101(13)

558

101(14)–(16)

 

101(17), (18)

1(17)

101(19)–(21)

 

101(22)

T. 15 § 77ccc(7)

101(23)

506(8), 806(8)

101(24)

1(32), 1006(8)

101(25)

 

101(26)

1(19), 107(d)(1)(d)

101(27)

 

101(28)

401(6)

101(29)

404

101(30)

1(23), 401(7)

101(31)

1(24), 506(9), 706(5), 806(9), 1006(6)

101(32)

 

101(33)

205(m)

101(34)

1(27)

101(35)

506(11)

101(36), (37)

 

101(38)

1(29a)

101(39)

T. 15 § 78c(a)(4), (5)

101(40)

1(30)

102(1)–(6)

 

102(7)

1(35)

102(8)

 

103, 104

 

105

11(a)(15)

106

 

107

77, 566

108(a), (b)

29(e)

108(c)

29(f), 661, 791, 1076

109(a)

11(a)(1)

109(b)

22

109(c)

404

109(d)

706(3), 806(6)

109(e)

1006(3), (8)

301

22(a), 41(f), 95(a)

302

 

303(a)

22(b)

303(b)

23(b), 95(b), (e), 526

303(c)

95(f)

303(d)

41(b), 536, 537

303(e)

109(a)

303(f)

 

303(g)

109(d)

303(h)

21

303(i)

11(a)(18), 19(b)

303(j)

95(g)

303(k)

 

304

 

305(a)(1)

 

305(a)(2)

11(a)(22)

305(b), (c)

 

306

 

321

73

322(a)

78(b)

322(b)(1)

78(c)

322(b)(2)

78(d), (f), (g)

322(c)

78(i)

322(d)

78(m)

323

 

324

11(a)(17), 560

325

74

326(a)

76(c)

326(b), (c)

 

326(d)

76(e)

327

557, 591

327(c)

72(c)

328

 

329

96(d)

330

76(c), 76a, 641(3), (4), 644(1), (3), 891(2), (3), 893(3)

331

 

341

91, 92, 734–736, 834–836, 1032, 1033

342

94

343

44(a), 25(a)(1), (10), 736(3), 836(3), 1033(1)

344

25(a)(10)

345

101, 75(a)(2)

346(a)–(i)

 

346(j)(1)

668, 795, 920

346(j)(2)–(4)

 

346(j)(5)

670, 796, 922

346(j)(6), (7)

 

347(a)

106(a)

347(b)

416(d), 605

348

638, 778, 843, 1066, 1067

349(a)

35(b)

349(b)

107(a)

350

11(a)(8)

361

 

362

29(a), 35(c)(4), 513, 516(4), 663, 714, 814, 828, 917, 1014

363

11(a)(7), 110(f), 516(3), 713(2), 813(2)

364

516(2), 744, 846

365

103(c), 110(b), 516(1), 713(1), 813(1), 1013(1)

366

 

501(a)

93(n), 596, 598, 736(2), 755a, 836(2), 851, 854, 1033(1)

501(b)

93(i)

501(c), (d)

 

502(a)

93(d)

502(b)

93(f), 1056(b)

502(b)(3)

108

502(b)(4)

104(a)(4)

502(b)(7)

103(a)(9), 602, 753, 858

502(c)

93(d)

502(d)

93(g)

502(e)–(i)

 

502(j)

93(k), 11(a)(2)

503(a)

 

503(b)

104(a)(1)

503(b)(2)

102(a)(1)

503(b)(3)

642(1), 643, 644(4), 892(1)

503(b)(4)

641(5), 642(3), 643, 644(2), (4), 739(2), 892(3), 893(2), (4)

503(b)(5)

642(1)

504

102(c)

505(a), (b)

11(a)(2A), 104(a)(4)

505(c)

 

506(a), (b)

93(h)

506(c), (d)

 

507

104(a)

507(a)(3)

104(a)(2)

508

105(d)

509

93(i)

510

 

521(1)

25(a)(8), (9)

521(2)

25(a)(3), (6), (7)

521(3)

25(a)(4), (5), (11)

521(4)

25(a)(1)

522

24

523(a)(1)

35(a)(1)

523(a)(2)

35(a)(2)

523(a)(3)

35(a)(3)

523(a)(4)

35(a)(4)

523(a)(5)

35(a)(7)

523(a)(6)

35(a)(8)

523(a)(7)–(9)

 

523(b)

35(b)

523(c)

35(c)

523(d)

 

524(a)

32(f)

524(b)–(d)

 

524(e)

34

525

 

541(a)

26, 110(a), 586

541(b)

110(a)(3)

541(c), (d)

 

541(e)

110(c)

542(a), (b)

 

542(c)

110(d)(2), (3)

542(d), (e)

 

543(a)

 

543(b), (c)

11(a)(21), 109(d)

543(d)

 

544(a)

110(c)

544(b)

110(e)

545

107(b), (c)

545(1)

107(c)(1)(A)

545(2)

107(c)(1)(B)

545(3), (4)

107(c)(1)(C)

546(a)

 

546(b)

107(c)(1)(B)

546(c)

 

547

96

547(b)

107(a)

547(c)(4)

96(c)

547(d)

107(a)

547(e)(1)(B)

96(a)(4)

548(a)

107(d)(2)

548(b)

107(d)(4)

548(c)

107(d)(6)

548(d)(1)

107(d)(5)

548(d)(2)

 

549(a)

110(d)(1)

549(b)

 

549(c)

44(g)

549(d)

 

550

96(b), 107(d)(3), (6)

551

96(b), 107(a)(3), (c)(2), (d)(6), 110(e)(2)

552

 

553

96(c), 108

554

 

701

 

702

72(a)

703(a)

74

703(b), (c)

 

704(1)

75(a)(1)

704(2)

75(a)(3), (5)

704(3)

75(a)(7)

704(4)

75(a)(8)

704(5)

75(a)(9)

704(6)

75(a)(10)

704(7)

 

704(8)

75(a)(13)

705

72(b)

706

 

707

95(g)

721

11(a)(5)

722

 

723

23(g)

724(a)

93(j)

724(b)

107(c)(3)

724(c), (d)

 

725

 

726(a)(1), (2)

 

726(a)(3)

93(n)

726(a)(4)–(6), (b), (c)

 

727(a)(1)

 

727(a)(2)

32(c)(1), (4)

727(a)(3)

32(c)(2)

727(a)(4)

32(c)(1), (3)

727(a)(5)

32(c)(7)

727(a)(6)

32(c)(6)

727(a)(7)

 

727(a)(8), (9)

32(c)(5)

727(a)(10)

32(a)

727(b)

 

727(c)

32(b)

727(d), (e)

33

728

 

741

96(e)(1)

742–744

 

745

96(e)(2)

746–748

 

749

96(e)(5)

750

 

751

96(e)(2)

752

96(e)(2), (3)

761–766

 

901

402(b)(1), (2), 405(b), (e), (h), 408(b), 409, 411, 412, 413, 414(a), 416(b), (d)

902(1)

 

902(2)

401(10)

902(3)

401(11)

902(4)

 

903

403

904

402(c)

921(a)

405(a)

921(b)

402(d)

921(c)–(f)

405(a)

922(a)

405(e)(1)

922(b)

 

923

405(d)

924

405(b)

925

408(a)

926

405(h)

927

418

941

410(a)

942

410(a), (b)

943(a)

413

943(b)(1)

 

943(b)(2)

414(b)(2)

943(b)(3)

414(b)(4)

943(b)(4)

414(b)(6)

943(b)(5), (6)

414(b)(1)

944(a)

415(a)

944(b)

415(b)(1)

944(c)

415(b)(2)

945(a)

416(e)

945(b)

 

946

417

1101(1)

 

1101(2)

629(a)

1102

738

1103(a)

739(2)

1103(b), (c)(1)

 

1103(c)(2)

739(1)(a)

1103(c)(3)

739(1)(b)–(e)

1103(c)(4)

 

1103(c)(5)

739(1)(f)

1103(d)

 

1104(a)

556, 832, 837(1)

1104(b)

568

1104(c)

560

1105

559

1106

587, 842

1106(a)(2)

564

1106(a)(3)

567(1)

1106(a)(4)

567(5)

1106(a)(4)(A)

567(3)

1106(a)(5)

569

1106(b)

568

1107(a)

563, 588, 742, 844

1107(b)

 

1108

589, 743, 845

1109

607

1109(a)

608

1109(b)

606

1110

516(5), (6)

1111

596, 851

1112(a)

 

1112(b)

636, 776, 777, 881, 882

1112(c)–(e)

 

1121

570

1122

597, 751, 852

1123(a)(1)

 

1123(a)(2)

616(6), 861(10)

1123(a)(3)

616(5), 861(9)

1123(a)(4)

 

1123(a)(5)

616(2), (10), 861(12)

1123(a)(6)

616(12)(a)

1123(a)(7)

616(11)

1123(b)(1)

616(1)

1123(b)(2)

616(4), 757(2), 861(4)

1123(b)(3)

616(13)

1123(b)(4)

616(2), 861(7)

1123(b)(5)

616(14), 757(8), 861(13)

1123(c)

 

1124

507, 708, 807

1125(a)

 

1125(b)

576

1125(c)

 

1125(d)

575

1125(e)

 

1126

579

1126(a)

599

1126(e)

603

1127

622, 763

1127(a)

869

1127(b)

629(c), 787(1), 869

1127(c)

765, 787(2), (3), 871

1127(d)

623, 764, 870

1128(a)

579, 735(3), 737(3), 835, 837(3)

1128(b)

580

1129(a)(1)

621(1), 766(1), 872(1)

1129(a)(2)

766(3), 872(3)

1129(a)(3)

621(3), 761, 766(4), 867, 872(4)

1129(a)(4)

621(4), 872(5)

1129(a)(5)

621(5)

1129(a)(6)

624(2)

1129(a)(7)

621(2), 766(2), 872(2)

1129(a)(8)

 

1129(a)(9)

737(2)

1129(a)(10)

 

1129(a)(11)

621(2), 766(2), 872(2)

1129(b), (c)

 

1129(d)

669, 921

1141(a)

624(1), 767(1), 873(1)

1141(b)

 

1141(c)

626, 874

1141(d)(1)–(3)

628(1), 771, 876

1141(d)(4)

32(a)

1142(a)

624(2), 873(2)

1142(b)

627, 875

1143

604

1144

786, 911

1145(a)

664(a), 793(a), 918(a)

1145(b)

664(b), 793(b), 918(b)

1145(c), (d)

 

1146(a), (b)

 

1146(c)

667

1146(d)

 

1161, 1162

 

1163

205(c)(1)

1164, 1165

 

1166

205(c)(2)

1167

205(n)

1168

205(j)

1169

205(c)(6)

1170

205(o)

1171(a)

205(n)

1171(b)

205(b)

1172

205(b)

1173

205(e)

1174

 

1301, 1302

 

1303

1036

1304

 

1305(a)(1)

1080

1305(a)(2), (b), (c)

 

1306

 

1307

1066

1321

1033(2)

1322(a)(1)

1046(4)

1322(a)(2)

1046(3)

1322(a)(3)

 

1322(b)(1)

1046(1)

1322(b)(2)

1046(2)

1322(b)(3)–(6)

 

1322(b)(7)

1046(6)

1322(b)(8), (9)

 

1322(b)(10)

1046(7)

1322(c)

 

1323(a)

1053

1323(b)

 

1323(c)

1054

1324

1033(5)

1325(a)(1)

1056(a)(1)

1325(a)(2)

 

1325(a)(3)

1051, 1056(a)(4)

1325(a)(4), (5)

 

1325(a)(6)

1056(a)(2)

1325(b)

 

1326(a)

1059

1326(b)

 

1327(a)

1057

1327(b), (c)

 

1328(a)

1060

1328(b)

1061

1328(c), (d)

1060

1328(e)

33

1329(a)

1046(5)

1329(b), (c)

 

1330

1071

1501–151326

 

Enacting Clause

Pub. L. 95–598, title I, § 101, Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2549, provided in part:

“The law relating to bankruptcy is codified and enacted as title 11 of the United States Code, entitled ‘Bankruptcy’, and may be cited as 11 U.S.C. § —.”

Repeals

Pub. L. 95–598, title IV, § 401(a), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2682, provided that:

“The Bankruptcy Act [act July 1, 1898, ch. 541, 30 Stat. 544, as amended] is repealed.”

Effective Date

Pub. L. 95–598, title IV, § 402, Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2682, as amended by Pub. L. 98–249, § 1(a), Mar. 31, 1984, 98 Stat. 116; Pub. L. 98–271, § 1(a), Apr. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 163; Pub. L. 98–299, § 1(a), May 25, 1984, 98 Stat. 214; Pub. L. 98–325, § 1(a), June 20, 1984, 98 Stat. 268; Pub. L. 98–353, title I, §§ 113, 121(a), July 10, 1984, 98 Stat. 343, 345; Pub. L. 98–454, title X, § 1001, Oct. 5, 1984, 98 Stat. 1745, provided that:

“(a)
Except as otherwise provided in this title [sections 401 to 411], this Act [for classification to the Code, see Tables] shall take effect on October 1, 1979.
“(b)
Except as provided in subsections (c) and (d) of this section, the amendments made by title II [sections 201 to 252] of this Act shall not be effective.
“(c)
The amendments made by sections 210, 214, 219, 220, 222, 224, 225, 228, 229, 235, 244, 245, 246, 249, and 251 of this Act shall take effect on October 1, 1979.
“(d)
The amendments made by sections 217, 218, 230, 247, 302, 314(j), 317, 327, 328, 338, and 411 of this Act shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Nov. 6, 1978].
“(e)
[Repealed. Pub. L. 98–454, title X, § 1001, Oct. 5, 1984, 98 Stat. 1745].”

[Amendment of section 402(b) of Pub. L. 95–598, set out above, by section 113 of Pub. L. 98–353 effective June 27, 1984, see section 122(c) of Pub. L. 98–353, set out as an Effective Date note under section 151 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.]

Savings Provision

Pub. L. 95–598, title IV, § 403, Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2683, as amended by Pub. L. 98–353, title III, § 382, July 10, 1984, 98 Stat. 364, provided that:

“(a)
A case commenced under the Bankruptcy Act, [act July 1, 1898, ch. 541, 30 Stat. 544, as amended], and all matters and proceedings in or relating to any such case, shall be conducted and determined under such Act as if this Act had not been enacted, and the substantive rights of parties in connection with any such bankruptcy case, matter, or proceeding shall continue to be governed by the law applicable to such case, matter, or proceeding as if the [this] Act had not been enacted.
“(b)
Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, 11 U.S.C. 205) on the date of enactment of this Act [Nov. 6, 1978] in which the trustee has not filed a plan of reorganization.sections 1165, 1167, 1168, 1169, and 1171 of title 11 of the United States Code,
“(c)
The repeal [of the Bankruptcy Act] made by section 401(a) of this Act does not affect any right of a referee in bankruptcy, United States bankruptcy judge, or survivor of a referee in bankruptcy or United States bankruptcy judge to receive any annuity or other payment under the civil service retirement laws.
“(d) The amendments made by section 314 of this Act [for classification to the Code, see Tables] do not affect the application of chapter 9, chapter 96, section 2516, section 3057, or section 3284 of title 18 of the United States Code to any act of any person—
“(1)
committed before October 1, 1979; or
“(2)
committed after October 1, 1979, in connection with a case commenced before such date.
“(e) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section—
“(1)
a fee may not be charged under section 40c(2)(a) of the Bankruptcy Act [former 11 U.S.C. 68(c)(2)(a)] in a case pending under such Act after September 30, 1979, to the extent that such fee exceeds $200,000;
“(2)
a fee may not be charged under section 40c(2)(b) of the Bankruptcy Act in a case in which the plan is confirmed after September 30, 1978, or in which the final determination as to the amount of such fee is made after September 30, 1979, notwithstanding an earlier confirmation date, to the extent that such fee exceeds $100,000;
“(3)
after September 30, 1979, all moneys collected for payment into the referees’ salary and expense fund in cases filed under the Bankruptcy Act shall be collected and paid into the general fund of the Treasury; and
“(4)
any balance in the referees’ salary and expense fund in the Treasury on October 1, 1979, shall be transferred to the general fund of the Treasury and the referees’ salary and expense fund account shall be closed.”

Pub. L. 98–353, title III, § 381, July 10, 1984, 98 Stat. 364, provided that:

“This subtitle [(§§ 381, 382) amending section 403(e) of Pub. L. 95–598, set out above] may be cited as the ‘Referees Salary and Expense Fund Act of 1984’.”

History of Bankruptcy Acts

The bankruptcy laws were revised generally and enacted as Title 11, Bankruptcy, by Pub. L. 95–598, Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2549.

Earlier bankruptcy laws included the following acts:

Apr. 4, 1800, ch. 19, 2 Stat. 19, repealed Dec. 19, 1803, ch. 6, 2 Stat. 248.

Aug. 19, 1841, ch. 9, 5 Stat. 440, repealed Mar. 3, 1843, ch. 82, 5 Stat. 614.

Mar. 2, 1867, ch. 176, 14 Stat. 517, the provisions of which were incorporated in Rev. Stat. Title LXI, §§ 4972 to 5132, were materially amended June 22, 1874, ch. 390, 18 Stat. 178, and were repealed June 7, 1878, ch. 160, 20 Stat. 99.

The Bankruptcy Act of July 1, 1898, ch. 541, 30 Stat. 544, as amended, sometimes called the Nelson Act, repealed by Pub. L. 95–598.

The Chandler Act of July 22, 1938, ch. 575, 52 Stat. 883, which revised the Bankruptcy Act generally and materially amended the provisions covering corporate reorganizations, repealed by Pub. L. 95–598.

National Bankruptcy Review Commission

Pub. L. 103–394, title VI, Oct. 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 4147, established the National Bankruptcy Review Commission to (1) investigate and study issues and problems relating to title 11, United States Code, (2) evaluate the advisability of proposals and current arrangements with respect to such issues and problems, (3) solicit divergent views of all parties concerned with the operation of the bankruptcy system, and (4) prepare and submit to the Congress, the Chief Justice, and the President a report not later than 2 years after the date of its first meeting, and provided for termination of the Commission 30 days after submission of the report which was submitted on Oct. 20, 1997.

Commission on the Bankruptcy Laws of the United States

Pub. L. 91–354, §§ 1–6, July 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 468, as amended by Pub. L. 92–251, Mar. 17, 1972, 86 Stat. 63; Pub. L. 93–56, § 1, July 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 140, established the Commission on the Bankruptcy Laws of the United States, to study and recommend changes to this title, which ceased to exist 30 days after the date of submission of its final report which was required prior to July 31, 1973.

 

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