11 U.S. Code § 702 - Election of trustee
The House amendment adopts section 702(a)(2) of the Senate amendment. An insubstantial equity interest does not disqualify a creditor from voting for a candidate for trustee.
Subsection (a) of this section specifies which creditors may vote for a trustee. Only a creditor that holds an allowable, undisputed, fixed, liquidated, unsecured claim that is not entitled to priority, that does not have an interest materially adverse to the interest of general unsecured creditors, and that is not an insider may vote for a trustee. The phrase “materially adverse” is currently used in the Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure, rule 207(d). The application of the standard requires a balancing of various factors, such as the nature of the adversity. A creditor with a very small equity position would not be excluded from voting solely because he holds a small equity in the debtor. The Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure also currently provide for temporary allowance of claims, and will continue to do so for the purposes of determining who is eligible to vote under this provision.
Subsection (b) permits creditors at the meeting of creditors to elect one person to serve as trustee in the case. Creditors holding at least 20 percent in amount of the claims specified in the preceding paragraph must request election before creditors may elect a trustee. Subsection (c) specifies that a candidate for trustee is elected trustee if creditors holding at least 20 percent in amount of those claims actually vote, and if the candidate receives a majority in amount of votes actually cast.
Subsection (d) specifies that if a trustee is not elected, then the interim trustee becomes the permanent trustee and serves in the case permanently.
1984—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98–353, § 472(a), inserted “held” after “meeting of creditors”.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 98–353, § 472(b)(1), inserted “of a kind” after “claims”.
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 98–353, § 472(b)(2), substituted “for a trustee” for “for trustee”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 98–353, § 472(c), substituted “this section” for “subsection (c) of this section”.
1982—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 97–222 substituted “726(a)(4), 752(a), 766(h), or 766(i)” for “or 726(a)(4)”.