Historical and Revision Notes
Based on title 14, U.S.C., 1946 ed.; §§ 50m, 50o, and on title 33, U.S.C., 1946 ed., §§ 720, 720a, 739, 740, 740a, 740b, 769 (R.S. 4668; June 23, 1874, ch. 455, § 1, 18 Stat. 220; June 17, 1910, ch. 301, § 7, 36 Stat. 538; Mar. 3, 1915, ch. 81, § 5, 38 Stat. 927; Aug. 28, 1916, ch. 414, § 3, 39 Stat. 538; May 22, 1926, ch. 371, § 6, 44 Stat. 626; Feb. 25, 1925, ch. 313, § 3, 45 Stat. 1262; Aug. 16, 1937, ch. 665, § 3, 50 Stat. 667; June 26, 1948, ch. 672, §§ 1, 3, 62 Stat. 1050).
Changes were made in phraseology. 81st Congress, House Report No. 557.
2018—Pub. L. 115–282 renumbered section 81 of this title as this section.
1982—Pub. L. 97–322 authorized the Coast Guard to contractually establish, maintain, and operate aids to maritime navigation.
1976—Pub. L. 94–546 substituted “Federal Aviation Administration” for “Federal Aviation Agency” in cl. (3)(c).
1966—Pub. L. 89–662 expanded authorization for establishment, maintenance, and operation of aids to air navigation and electronic aids to navigation systems required to serve the needs of the armed forces to include needs peculiar to warfare and primarily of military concern as determined by the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of any department within the Department of Defense, substituted “electronic aids to navigation systems” for “Loran stations”, and altered the list of locations where aids to navigation other than electronic aids to navigation could be located by adding the waters above the Continental Shelf and by striking out places where such aids to navigation had been established prior to June 26, 1948.
1958—Pub. L. 85–726 substituted “Administrator of the Federal Aviation Agency” for “Administrator of Civil Aeronautics”.
1954—Act Sept. 3, 1954, substituted “Department of Defense” for “National Military Establishment”.
1951—Act June 22, 1951, extended Coast Guard’s authority to include the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
Effective Date of 1958 Amendment
Pub. L. 85–726, title XV, § 1505(2), Aug. 23, 1958, 72 Stat. 810, provided that the amendment made by Pub. L. 85–726 is effective on 60th day following date on which Administrator of Federal Aviation Agency [Federal Aviation Administration] first appointed under Pub. L. 85–726 qualifies and takes office. Administrator appointed, qualified, and took office on Oct. 31, 1958.
Termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions.
Discontinuance of an Aid to Navigation
Pub. L. 114–120, title II, § 210, Feb. 8, 2016, 130 Stat. 41, provided that:
“(a) In General.—
Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 8, 2016
], the Secretary
of the department in which the Coast Guard
is operating shall establish a process for the discontinuance of an aid to navigation (other than a seasonal or temporary aid) established, maintained, or operated by the Coast Guard
The process established under subsection (a) shall include procedures to notify the public of any discontinuance of an aid to navigation described in that subsection.
In establishing a process under subsection (a), the Secretary
shall consult with and consider any recommendations of the Navigation Safety Advisory Council.
Not later than 30 days after establishing a process under subsection (a), the Secretary
shall notify the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives
and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate
of the process established.”
Improved Safety Information for Vessels
Pub. L. 113–281, title II, § 228, Dec. 18, 2014, 128 Stat. 3040, provided that:
“Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 18, 2014
], the Secretary
of the department in which the Coast Guard
is operating shall establish a process that allows an operator of a marine exchange or other non-Federal vessel traffic information service to use the automatic identification system to transmit weather, ice, and other important navigation safety information to vessels.”
Aids to Navigation Report
Pub. L. 105–383, title II, § 208, Nov. 13, 1998, 112 Stat. 3416, provided that:
“Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 13, 1998
], the Commandant
of the Coast Guard
shall submit to Congress
a report on the use of the Coast Guard
’s aids to navigation system. The report shall include an analysis of the respective use of the aids to navigation system by commercial interests, members of the general public for personal recreation, Federal and State government for public safety, defense, and other similar purposes. To the extent practicable within the time allowed, the report shall include information regarding degree of use of the various portions of the system.”
Report to Congress; Contractual Authority; Increase in Ratio of Civilian to Military Employees
Pub. L. 97–322, title I, § 105(b), Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1582, provided that:
“Not later than one year after the date of enactment of this title [Oct. 15, 1982], the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating shall submit a report to the Congress evaluating—
the exercise by contract of the authority of the Coast Guard under section 81 [now 541] of title 14, United States Code, to establish, maintain, and operate aids to navigation, including a discussion of any problems involved in exercising such authority by contract, the reasons for exercising or failing to exercise such authority by contract in particular areas, and the feasibility of expanding the exercise of such authority by contract; and
the advantages and disadvantages of increasing the ratio of civilian to military employees assigned to the establishment, maintenance, and operation of aids to navigation on the inland waterways of the United States.”
Contractual Authority Dependent Upon Availability of Appropriated Funds
Pub. L. 97–322, title I, § 105(c), Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1582, provided that:
“Any authority to enter into contracts provided in this section [amending this section and enacting provision set out as Report to Congress; Contractual Authority; Increase in Ratio of Civilian to Military Employees note under this section] shall be available only to the extent that appropriated funds are available for that purpose.”
Ex. Ord. No. 7521. Use of Vessels for Ice-Breaking Operations in Channels and Harbors
Ex. Ord. No. 7521, Dec. 21, 1936, 1 F.R. 2527, provided:
1. The Coast Guard, operating under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, is hereby directed to assist in keeping open to navigation by means of ice-breaking operations, in so far as practicable and as the exigencies may require, channels and harbors in accordance with the reasonable demands of commerce; and to use for that purpose such vessels subject to its control and jurisdiction or which may be made available to it under paragraph 2 hereof as are necessary and are reasonably suitable for such operations.
2. The Secretary of War [Army], the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of Commerce are hereby directed to cooperate with the Coast Guard in such ice-breaking operations, and to furnish the Coast Guard, upon the request of the Commandant thereof, for this service such vessels under their jurisdiction and control as in the opinion of the Commandant, with the concurrence of the head of the Department concerned, are available and are, or may readily be made, suitable for this service.