15 U.S. Code § 77o - Liability of controlling persons
Every person who, by or through stock ownership, agency, or otherwise, or who, pursuant to or in connection with an agreement or understanding with one or more other persons by or through stock ownership, agency, or otherwise, controls any person liable under sections 77k or 77
For purposes of any action brought by the Commission under subparagraph (b) or (d) of section 77t of this title, any person that knowingly or recklessly provides substantial assistance to another person in violation of a provision of this subchapter, or of any rule or regulation issued under this subchapter, shall be deemed to be in violation of such provision to the same extent as the person to whom such assistance is provided.
2010—Pub. L. 111–203 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, and added subsec. (b).
1934—Act June 6, 1934, exempted from liability controlling persons having no knowledge or reasonable grounds for belief.
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